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Active Roles 7.4.3 - Synchronization Service Administration Guide

Synchronization Service Overview Deploying Synchronization Service Getting started Connections to external data systems
External data systems supported out of the box
Working with Active Directory Working with an AD LDS (ADAM) instance Working with Skype for Business Server Working with Oracle Working with Exchange Server Working with Active Roles Working with One Identity Manager Working with a delimited text file Working with Microsoft SQL Server Working with Micro Focus NetIQ Directory Working with Salesforce Working with ServiceNow Working with Oracle Unified Directory Working with an LDAP directory service Working with IBM DB2 Working with IBM AS/400 Working with an OpenLDAP directory service Working with IBM RACF connector Working with MySQL database Working with an OLE DB-compliant relational database Working with SharePoint Working with Microsoft Office 365 Working with Microsoft Azure Active Directory
Using connectors installed remotely Creating a connection Renaming a connection Deleting a connection Modifying synchronization scope for a connection Using connection handlers Specifying password synchronization settings for a connection
Synchronizing identity data Mapping objects Automated password synchronization Synchronization history Scenarios of use Appendix A: Developing PowerShell scripts for attribute synchronization rules Appendix B: Using a PowerShell script to transform passwords

Schema

You can use this expandable item to view and modify the delimited text file schema saved in the Synchronization Service configuration database.

When you create a connection to a delimited text file, Synchronization Service reads the schema in the file (that is, the fields or columns related to each record in the file), and then saves the schema in the Synchronization Service configuration database. Synchronization Service then uses the saved file schema to read and modify the data in the connected file. Should the schema in the connected file change, you will need to reflect these changes in the Schema option so that Synchronization Service could correctly handle (read and write) the data in the changed file.

This expandable item provides the following options:

  • Attributes. Lists the names of Synchronization Service attributes that correspond to certain columns or fields in the connected file. Basically, these are the names of attributes you can select and use in the Synchronization Service Administration Console for each object in the connected delimited text file.
  • Add. Allows you to add a new entry (for example, column or field) to the file schema saved in the Synchronization Service configuration database. You can use this button in case a new column or field was added to the connected file and you want to reflect this change in the file schema saved in the Synchronization Service configuration database.
  • Edit. Allows you to edit the name of the selected Synchronization Service attribute associated with a certain column or field in the connected file. For example, you can use this button in case a field or column name was changed in the connected file and you want to reflect this change in the file schema saved in the Synchronization Service configuration database. Also you can use this button to edit the display name of a Synchronization Service attribute associated with a certain column or field in the connected file.
  • Remove. Allows you to remove the selected attribute from the file schema saved in the Synchronization Service configuration database. For example, you can use this button in case a field or column name was deleted from the connected file and you want to reflect this change in the file schema saved in the Synchronization Service configuration database.
  • Reload schema. Allows you to update the file schema saved in the Synchronization Service configuration database by reloading the schema from the file to the configuration database. As a result, the file schema saved in the Synchronization Service configuration database will be completely rewritten with new data from the file.
  • Up arrow. Moves the selected attribute up.
  • Down arrow. Moves the selected attribute down.

Specify attributes to identify objects

This expandable item provides the following options that allow you to specify the attributes with which you wish to uniquely identify each object in the delimited text file:

  • Available attributes. Lists the attributes that are available in the external data system. Use this list to select the attributes whose values you want to use to generate a unique identifier for each object in the external data system. You can filter attributes by typing in the text box at the top of this list. To select multiple attributes, hold down CTRL and click to select attributes in the list.
  • UniqueID attributes. Lists the attributes whose values are currently used to generate a unique identifier for each object in the external data system.
  • Add->. Moves the selected attributes from the Available attributes list to the UniqueID attributes list.
  • <-Remove. Moves the selected attributes from the UniqueID attributes list to the Available attributes list.
  • Constructed UniqueID. Displays a combination of the attributes whose values will make up a unique identifier for each object in the external data system.

Working with Microsoft SQL Server

This section describes how to create or modify a connection to Microsoft SQL Server so that Synchronization Service could work with data in that data system.

To create a connection to Microsoft SQL Server, you need to use Synchronization Service in conjunction with a special connector called Microsoft SQL Server Connector. This connector is included in the Synchronization Service package.

The Microsoft SQL Server Connector supports the following features:

 

Table 55: Supported features

Feature

Supported

Bidirectional synchronization

Allows you to read and write data in the connected data system.

Yes

Delta processing mode

Allows you to process only the data that has changed in the connected data system since the last synchronization operation, thereby reducing the overall synchronization operation time.

No

Password synchronization

Allows you to synchronize user passwords from an Active Directory domain to the connected data system.

Yes

In this section:

Creating a Microsoft SQL Server connection

To create a new connection

  1. In the Synchronization Service Administration Console, open the Connections tab.
  2. Click Add connection, and then use the following options:
    • Connection name. Type a descriptive name for the connection.
    • Use the specified connector. Select Microsoft SQL Server Connector.
  3. Click Next.
  4. On the Specify connection settings page, use the following options:
    • SQL Server. Type or select the name of the SQL Server computer that hosts the database you want to participate in data synchronization operations.
    • Access SQL Server using. Select an access option:
      • Use Windows authentication. Allows you to access the SQL Server in the security context of the account under which the Synchronization Service is running.
      • Use SQL Server authentication. Allows you to access the SQL Server in the security context of the SQL Server user account whose user name and password you specify below this option.
    • Connect to database. Type the name of the database to which you want to connect.
    • Test Connection. Click this button to verify the specified connection settings.
  5. Click Next.
  6. On the Specify how to select and modify data page, use the following options:
    • Use data from this table. Allows you to select a database table that includes the data you want to participate in the synchronization operations. You can click Preview to preview the database table you have selected.
    • Use an SQL query to specify data. Allows you to compose an SQL query that provides a more flexible way for specifying the data for synchronization. For example, you can use this option to specify multiple database tables.
    • Configure Settings. Click this button to specify settings for modifying data in the connected system during synchronization operations. For example, you can specify the database tables in which you want to insert, update, or delete data during synchronization operations.
  7. Click Next.
  8. On the Specify attributes to identify objects page, use the following options:
    • Available attributes. Lists the attributes that are available in the external data system. Use this list to select the attributes whose values you want to use to generate a unique identifier for each object in the external data system. You can filter attributes by typing in the text box at the top of this list. To select multiple attributes, hold down CTRL and click to select attributes in the list.
    • UniqueID attributes. Lists the attributes whose values are currently used to generate a unique identifier for each object in the external data system.
    • Add->. Moves the selected attributes from the Available attributes list to the UniqueID attributes list.
    • <-Remove. Moves the selected attributes from the UniqueID attributes list to the Available attributes list.
    • Constructed UniqueID. Displays a combination of the attributes whose values will make up a unique identifier for each object in the external data system.
  9. Click Finish to create a connection to the Microsoft SQL Server database.
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