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One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions 5.8.0 - Administration Guide

Preface Introduction The concepts of SPS The Welcome Wizard and the first login Basic settings User management and access control Managing SPS
Controlling SPS: reboot, shutdown Managing Safeguard for Privileged Sessions clusters Managing a high availability SPS cluster Upgrading SPS Managing the SPS license Accessing the SPS console Sealed mode Out-of-band management of SPS Managing the certificates used on SPS
General connection settings HTTP-specific settings ICA-specific settings RDP-specific settings SSH-specific settings Telnet-specific settings VMware Horizon View connections VNC-specific settings Indexing audit trails Using the Search (classic) interface Using the Search interface Searching session data on a central node in a cluster Advanced authentication and authorization techniques Reports The SPS RPC API The SPS REST API SPS scenarios Troubleshooting SPS Configuring external devices Using SCP with agent-forwarding Security checklist for configuring SPS Jumplists for in-product help Third-party contributions About us

Accessing the SPS console

This section describes how to use the console menu of SPS, how to enable remote SSH access to SPS, and how to change the root password from the web interface.

Using the console menu of SPS

Connecting to the One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions locally or remotely using Secure Shell (SSH) allows you to access the console menu of SPS. The console menu provides access to the most basic configuration and management settings of SPS. It is mainly used for troubleshooting purposes, the primary interface of SPS is the web interface.

The console menu is accessible to the root user using the password set during completing the Welcome Wizard.

Figure 104: The console menu

The console menu provides allows you to perform the following actions:

  • Access the local core and boot shells. This is usually not recommended and only required in certain troubleshooting situations. Select the boot/core shell's keyboard layout for the local console. This will not affect the keyboard layout if you have accessed the shell via SSH.

    The boot firmware boots up SPS, provides high availability support, and starts the core firmware. The core firmware, in turn, handles everything else: provides the web interface, manages the connections, and so on.

  • Select the active firmware, and delete unneeded firmwares. Accessing the firmware management is useful if after an update the new firmware does not operate properly and the web interface is not available to activate the previous firmware.

  • Start backup processes.

  • Change the passwords of the root and admin users.

  • Access the network-troubleshooting functions and display the available log files. If the web interface is inaccessible, it can be the result of an internal locking error. To resolve this issue, delete the lock files. After deletion, they are archived, and included in the debug bundle if they are not older than 30 days. To create a debug bundle, if the web interface is inaccessible, select Create debug bundle.

    NOTE:

    If deleting the lock files did not resolve the issue, contact our Support Team.

  • Reboot and shutdown the system.

  • Enable and disable sealed mode. For details, see Sealed mode.

  • Set the IP address of the HA interface.

NOTE:

Note that logging in to the console menu automatically locks the SPS interface, meaning that users cannot access the web interface while the console menu is used. The console menu can be accessed only if there are no users accessing the web interface. The connection of web-interface users can be terminated to force access to the console menu.

Enabling SSH access to the SPS host

Purpose:

Exclusively for troubleshooting purposes, you can access the SPS host using SSH.

Completing the Welcome Wizard automatically disables SSH access to SPS. Re-enabling it allows you to connect remotely to the SPS host and login using the root user. The password of the root user is the one you provided in the Welcome Wizard. For details on how to change the root password from the web interface, see Changing the root password of SPS.

Caution:

Accessing the SPS host directly using SSH is not recommended or supported, except for troubleshooting purposes. In such case, the One Identity Support Team will give you exact instructions on what to do to solve the problem.

For security reasons, disable SSH access to SPS when it is not needed. For details, see "Enabling SSH access to the SPS host" in the Administration Guide.

The following encryption algorithms are configured on the local SSH service of SPS:

  • Key exchange (KEX) algorithms:

    diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256
  • Ciphers:

    aes256-ctr,aes128-ctr
  • Message authentication codes:

    hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha2-256

SSH access is, by default, protected against brute-force attacks: after 20 unsuccessful login attempts, the offending IP is blocked from accessing the SSH service for ten minutes.

You can turn off brute force protection by unselecting the Protect against brute-force attacks option for the SSH server.

Steps:
  1. Navigate to Basic Settings > Local Services > SSH server.

    Figure 105: Basic Settings > Local Services > SSH server — Enabling remote SSH access to SPS

  2. Select the Enable option.

    NOTE:

    Remote SSH access is automatically disabled if Sealed mode is enabled. For details, see Sealed mode.

  3. Choose the authentication method for the remote SSH connections.

    • To enable password-based authentication, select the Enable password authentication option.

    • To enable public-key authentication, click in the Authorized keys field, click and upload the private keys of the users who can access and manage SPS remotely via SSH.

      One Identity recommends using 2048-bit RSA keys (or stronger).

  4. Choose an address and a port for the SSH server in the Listening addresses section.

    The available addresses correspond to the interface addresses configured in Basic Settings > Network > Interfaces. Only IPv4 addresses can be selected.

    To add multiple addresses, click .

  5. Optional step: To permit SSH acces only from selected subnets or IP addresses, select Restrict clients, click and enter the IP address and netmask of the allowed clients.

    Use an IPv4 address.

    To add multiple addresses, click .

  6. Click Commit.

Changing the root password of SPS

Purpose:

The root password is required to access SPS locally, or remotely via an SSH connection. Note that the password of the root user can be changed from the console menu as well. For details, see Accessing the SPS console.

Steps:
  1. Navigate to Basic Settings > Management > Change root password.

    Figure 106: Basic Settings > Management > Change root password — Changing the root password of SPS

  2. Enter the new password into the New root password and Confirm password fields.

    NOTE:

    SPS accepts passwords that are not longer than 150 characters. The following special characters can be used: !"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^-`{|}

  3. Click Commit.

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