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One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions 5.8.0 - REST API Reference Guide

Introduction Using the SPS REST API Basic settings User management and access control Managing SPS General connection settings HTTP connections Citrix ICA connections RDP connections SSH connections Telnet connections VNC connections Search, download, and index sessions Reporting Advanced authentication and authorization Completing the Welcome Wizard using REST Enable and configure analytics using REST About us Third-party contributions

Content subchapters

Reporting subchapters created from audit trail content (statistics of search keywords, and screenshots). You have to provide a list of keywords, and create the appropriate filters to narrow down the scope of the search. SPS searches the indexed content of all audit trails that fit the filter criteria, and provide the resulting statistics and screenshots in the report.

Configure and enable indexing for all connections that you want to include in the reports.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters
Headers
Header name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists the available content subchapters.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters

The following command retrieves the properties of a specific subchapter.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters/<subchapter-key>
Response

The following is a sample response received when listing content subchapters. For details of the meta object, see Introduction.

{
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters",
    "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters",
    "last": "/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters",
    "next": "/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters",
    "parent": "/api/configuration/reporting",
    "previous": null,
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  },
  "items": [
    {
      "key": "13869311625707e0a3e0892",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters/13869311625707e0a3e0892"
      }
    }
  ]
}

When retrieving the endpoint of a specific content subchapter, the response is the following.

{
  "body": {
    "access": [
      "search"
    ],
    "filter": {
      "channel_policy": {
        "key": "-10200",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/channel_policies/-10200"
        }
      },
      "connection_policy": "8348340645707e2575e3c6",
      "protocol": "ssh",
      "server_address": "192.168.56.102",
      "server_port": 22,
      "source_address": "192.168.56.101",
      "source_port": 22,
      "username": "admin"
    },
    "name": "API_test_subchapter",
    "search_words": [
      "logout"
    ]
  },
  "key": "13869311625707e0a3e0892",
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters/13869311625707e0a3e0892",
    "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters/13869311625707e0a3e0892",
    "last": "/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters/13869311625707e0a3e0892",
    "next": null,
    "parent": "/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters",
    "previous": null,
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}
Element Type Description
key string Top level element, contains the ID of the subchapter.
body Top level element (string) The elements of the subchapter.
access list

Required. List of access control groups whose members can access the subchapter.

To deny access to the subchapter, use "admin" as the only value for the element.

filter Top level element. Filter options for narrowing the scope of the keyword search. See the corresponding table for more details.
channel_policy string

References the key of the channel policy. You can configure channel policies at the "/api/configuration/<protocol>/channel_policies/<policy-ID>" endpoint.

Note that the path is different for each protocol.

To modify or add a channel policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the channel_policy element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

connection_policy string

The key of the connection policy specified for the search.

To use a connection policy, you must also set the protocol using the protocol element.

protocol string

The protocol of the connection or channel policy specified for the search.

server_address string

The target server's address.

Use an IPv4 address.

server_port int The port of the target server's address.
source_address string The address from where the connection is initiated.
source_port int The port of the address from where the connection is initiated.
username string The username used to connect to the target server.
name string The name of the subchapter.
search_words list The list of search keywords to generate statistics and screenshots for in the subchapter.
Examples:

Create a content subchapter for the occurences of the "logout" keyword in SSH connections. Make the subchapter accessible to the search and report usergroups.

  • Search connections where the "shell-only" channel policy is used.

    {
      "access": [
        "search",
        "report"
      ],
      "filter": {
        "channel_policy": "-10000",
        "connection_policy": null,
        "protocol": "ssh",
        "server_address": null,
        "server_port": null,
        "source_address": null,
        "source_port": null,
        "username": null
      },
      "name": "Shell_access",
      "search_words": [
        "logout"
      ]
    }
  • Search connections of a specific connection policy. Provide the protocol of the connection. The key of the connection policy is available at the /api/configuration/<protocol>/connections/ endpoint.

    {
      "access": [
        "search",
        "report"
      ],
      "filter": {
        "channel_policy": null,
        "connection_policy": "<key-of-connection-policy>",
        "protocol": "ssh",
        "server_address": null,
        "server_port": null,
        "source_address": null,
        "source_port": null,
        "username": null
      },
      "name": "Controlled_access",
      "search_words": [
        "logout"
      ]
    }
  • Search connections where the "admin" username was used.

    {
      "access": [
        "search",
        "report"
      ],
      "filter": {
        "channel_policy": null,
        "connection_policy": null,
        "protocol": "ssh",
        "server_address": null,
        "server_port": null,
        "source_address": null,
        "source_port": null,
        "username": "admin"
      },
      "name": "Login_as_admin",
      "search_words": [
        "logout"
      ]
    }
  • Search connections made to a specific server address and port.

    {
      "access": [
        "search",
        "report"
      ],
      "filter": {
        "channel_policy": null,
        "connection_policy": null,
        "protocol": "ssh",
        "server_address": "<server-ip>",
        "server_port": <port>,
        "source_address": null,
        "source_port": null,
        "username": null
      },
      "name": "Server_access",
      "search_words": [
        "logout"
      ]
    }
Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Using the SPS REST API.

Code Description Notes
201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
400 InvalidQuery The requested filter or its value is invalid.
400

Path: <endpoint>/filter/channel_policy

Type: SyntacticError

You have included the key and meta elements of a channel_policy in a PUT or POST request.
401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
401 AuthenticationFailure Authenticating the user with the given credentials has failed.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.
Add a content subchapter

To add a content subchapter, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Create the JSON object for the new content subchapter.

    POST the JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters/ endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Content subchapters.

    • To use a channel policy for filtering, use the key of the policy. You must also set the protocol element to the corresponding protocol.

      For example, to use the shell-only channel policy, which is a default SSH policy provided by SPS, you have to configure both the channel_policy element…

      "channel_policy": "-10000"

      …and the protocol element:

      "protocol": "ssh"

    If the POST request is successful, the response includes the key of the new subchapter. For example:

    {
      "key": "416bb324-b44e-4ed3-a49d-02e99e53e941",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters/416bb324-b44e-4ed3-a49d-02e99e53e941",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters",
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
      }
    }
  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Modify a content subchapter

To modify a content subchapter, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Modify the JSON object of the subchapter.

    You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Content subchapters

    To use a channel policy for filtering, do not include the returned key and meta elements of the channel policy in your PUT request. Instead, set the value of the channel_policy to the value of its key.

    For example, if a GET request for the subchapter returns the following channel_policy filter:

    "channel_policy": {
      "key": "-10200",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/channel_policies/-10200"
      }
    }

    You have to change it in your PUT request to:

    "channel_policy": "-10200"

    You must also configure the protocol element to the protocol of the channel policy.

  3. Upload the modified configuration

    PUT the modified JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters/<subchapter-key> endpoint.

  4. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Custom subchapters

List of the reporting subchapters created from custom queries to the SPS connection database. The list of tables and fields you can query are described in "Database tables available for custom queries" in the Administration Guide.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters
Headers
Header name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists the available custom subchapters.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters

The following command retrieves the properties of a specific subchapter.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters/<object-id>
Response

The following is a sample response received when listing custom subchapters. For details of the meta object, see Introduction.

{
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters",
    "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters",
    "last": "/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters",
    "next": "/api/configuration/reporting/predefined_reports",
    "parent": "/api/configuration/reporting",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters",
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  },
  "items": [
    {
      "key": "5983143445707eb740fee3",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters/5983143445707eb740fee3"
      }
    }
  ]
}

When retrieving the endpoint of a specific subchapter, the response is the following.

{
  "body": {
    "access": [
      "search"
    ],
    "chart": {
      "column_titles": [
        "col1",
        "col2"
      ],
      "type": "list"
    },
    "name": "API_test_adv_stats",
    "query": "select\n  to_timestamp(audit_trail_downloads.download_time),\n  audit_trail_downloads.username,\n  channels.channel_type,\n  channels.connection,\n  audit_trail_downloads.ip\nfrom audit_trail_downloads,\n     channels\nwhere channels._connection_channel_id = audit_trail_downloads.id\nand audit_trail_downloads.download_time <= :range_start\nand audit_trail_downloads.download_time > :range_end\nand audit_trail_downloads.username != 'admin'\norder by audit_trail_downloads.download_time;"
  },
  "key": "5983143445707eb740fee3",
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters/5983143445707eb740fee3",
    "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters/5983143445707eb740fee3",
    "last": "/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters/5983143445707eb740fee3",
    "next": null,
    "parent": "/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters",
    "previous": null,
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}
Element Type Description
key string Top level element, contains the ID of the custom subchapter.
body Top level element (string) The elements of the custom subchapter.
access list

Required. List of access control groups whose members can access the subchapter.

To deny access to the subchapter, use "admin" as the only value for the element.

chart Top level element Defines the properties of the chart generated from the database query.
type string

Defines the chart type.

  • Use bar to generate a bar chart.

    You have to provide the y_axis_title element for bar charts (its can be null).

  • Use pie to generate pie a chart.

  • Use list to generate a list.

    You have to provide the column_titles element for lists (it can be null).

y_axis_title string

Required if the type element is set to bar.

The name of the y axis for the generated bar chart.

column_titles list

Required if the type element is set to list.

The column titles for the generated list.

name string The name of the subchapter.
query string

The SQL database query for creating the subchapter.

Caution:

Generating a report that includes an Advanced statistics chapter that returns several thousands of entries requires significant CPU and memory resources from SPS. While generating such a partial report, the web interface of SPS can become slow or unresponsive.

Examples:

Create a bar chart with a custom title for the y-axis:

"chart": {
  "type": "bar",
  "y_axis_title": "Y_axis"
}

Create a pie chart:

"chart": {
  "type": "pie"
}

Create a list with custom column names:

"chart": {
  "column_titles": [
    "col1",
    "col2"
  ],
  "type": "list"
}
Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Using the SPS REST API.

Code Description Notes
201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
400 InvalidQuery The requested filter or its value is invalid.
401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
401 AuthenticationFailure Authenticating the user with the given credentials has failed.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.
Add a custom subchapter

To add a custom subchapter, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Create the JSON object for the new subchapter.

    POST the JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Custom subchapters.

    If the POST request is successful, the response includes the key of the new subchapter. For example:

    {
      "key": "9a8f7f19-edbf-4327-9d3a-9f527e7331ee",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters/9a8f7f19-edbf-4327-9d3a-9f527e7331ee",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters",
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
      }
    }
  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Modify a custom subchapter

To modify a subchapter, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Modify the JSON object of the subchapter.

    PUT the modified JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters/<key-of-the-object> endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Custom subchapters.

  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Connection statistics subchapters

List of the reporting subchapters created from connection statistics.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters
Headers
Header name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists the available subchapters.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters

The following command retrieves the properties of a specific subchapter.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters/<subchapter-id>
Response

The following is a sample response received when listing connection statistics subchapters. For details of the meta object, see Introduction.

{
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters",
    "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters",
    "last": "/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters",
    "next": null,
    "parent": "/api/configuration/reporting",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/reporting/reports",
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  },
  "items": [
    {
      "key": "21111736175707f1df8bea1",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters/21111736175707f1df8bea1"
      }
    }
  ]
}

When retrieving the endpoint of a specific subchapter, the response is the following.

{
  "body": {
    "access": [
      "search",
      "reporting"
    ],
    "chart": {
      "type": "list"
    },
    "name": "stats_simple",
    "query": {
      "column": "username",
      "filter": [
        {
          "column": "protocol",
          "is_exact": false,
          "is_inverted": false,
          "value": "ssh"
        },
        {
          "column": "username",
          "is_exact": false,
          "is_inverted": false,
          "value": "admin"
        }
      ],
      "limit": 15,
      "order": "top"
    }
  },
  "key": "496444806570e9c7e32c30",
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters/21111736175707f1df8bea1",
    "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters/496444806570e9c7e32c30",
    "last": "/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters/496444806570e9c7e32c30",
    "next": null,
    "parent": "/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters/1539306268570e9442cab6c",
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}
Element Type Description
key string Top level element, contains the ID of the subchapter.
body Top level element (string) The elements of the subchapter.
access list

Required. List of access control groups whose members can access the subchapter.

To deny access to the subchapter, use "admin" as the only value for the element.

chart Top level element Defines the properties of the chart generated from the database query.
type string

Defines the chart type.

  • Use bar to generate a bar chart.

  • Use pie to generate pie a chart.

  • Use list to generate a list.

name string The name of the subchapter.
query string The search query that defines the connections to use for creating statistics. For details on using the search, see Searching in the session database.
Examples:

Create statistics about the 15 most common usernames used in SSH connections.

  • Create a bar chart.

    {
      "access": [
        "reporting",
        "search"
      ],
      "chart": {
        "type": "bar"
      },
      "name": "stats_bar",
      "query": {
        "column": "username",
        "filter": [
          {
            "column": "protocol",
            "is_exact": false,
            "is_inverted": false,
            "value": "ssh"
          }
        ],
        "limit": 15,
        "order": "top"
      }
    }
  • Create a pie chart.

    {
      "access": [
        "reporting",
        "search"
      ],
      "chart": {
        "type": "pie"
      },
      "name": "stats_pie",
      "query": {
        "column": "username",
        "filter": [
          {
            "column": "protocol",
            "is_exact": false,
            "is_inverted": false,
            "value": "ssh"
          }
        ],
        "limit": 15,
        "order": "top"
      }
    }
  • Create a list.

    {
        "access": [
          "reporting",
          "search"
        ],
        "chart": {
          "type": "list"
        },
        "name": "stats_list",
        "query": {
          "column": "username",
          "filter": [
            {
              "column": "protocol",
              "is_exact": false,
              "is_inverted": false,
              "value": "ssh"
            }
          ],
          "limit": 15,
          "order": "top"
        }
      }
Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Using the SPS REST API.

Code Description Notes
201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
400 InvalidQuery The requested filter or its value is invalid.
401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
401 AuthenticationFailure Authenticating the user with the given credentials has failed.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.
Add a connection statistics subchapter

To add a connection statistics subchapter, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Create the JSON object for the new subchapter.

    POST the JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters/ endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Connection statistics subchapters.

    If the POST request is successful, the response includes the key of the new subchapter. For example:

    {
      "key": "769e627d-515d-4d26-a03e-cb2ed0bbee04",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters/769e627d-515d-4d26-a03e-cb2ed0bbee04",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters",
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
      }
    }
  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Modify a connection statistics subchapter

To modify a subchapter, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Modify the JSON object of the subchapter.

    PUT the modified JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters//<key-of-the-subchapter> endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Connection statistics subchapters.

  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Advanced authentication and authorization

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