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One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions 5.9.0 - Administration Guide

Preface Introduction The concepts of SPS The Welcome Wizard and the first login Basic settings User management and access control Managing SPS
Controlling SPS: reboot, shutdown Managing Safeguard for Privileged Sessions clusters Managing a high availability SPS cluster Upgrading SPS Managing the SPS license Accessing the SPS console Sealed mode Out-of-band management of SPS Managing the certificates used on SPS
General connection settings HTTP-specific settings ICA-specific settings RDP-specific settings SSH-specific settings Telnet-specific settings VMware Horizon View connections VNC-specific settings Indexing audit trails Using the Search (classic) interface Using the Search interface Searching session data on a central node in a cluster Advanced authentication and authorization techniques Reports The SPS RPC API The SPS REST API SPS scenarios Troubleshooting SPS Configuring external devices Using SCP with agent-forwarding Security checklist for configuring SPS Jumplists for in-product help Third-party contributions About us

Creating local users in SPS


To create a local user, complete the following procedure.


The admin user is available by default and has all possible privileges. It is not possible to delete this user.

Local users cannot be managed when LDAP authentication is used (see Managing SPS users from an LDAP database). When LDAP authentication is enabled, the accounts of local users is disabled, they are not displayed on the AAA > Local Users page, but they are not deleted, either.

When using RADIUS authentication together with local users, the users are authenticated to the RADIUS server, only their group memberships must be managed locally on SPS. For details, see Authenticating users to a RADIUS server.

  1. Navigate to AAA > Local Users and click .

    Figure 64: AAA > Local Users — Creating local users

  2. Enter the username into the User field.


    For the username of SSH users, only valid UTF-8 strings are allowed.

    The following characters cannot be used in usernames: <>\/[]:;|=,+*?

  3. Enter a password for the user into the Password and Verify password fields.

    The strength of the password is indicated below the Password field as you type. To set a policy for password strength, see Setting password policies for local users. The user can change the password later from the SPS web interface, and you can modify the password of the user here.

    Use strong passwords: at least 8 characters that include numbers, letters, special characters, and capital letters. For local SPS users, require the use of strong passwords (set AAA > Settings > Minimal password strength to strong). For details, see "Setting password policies for local users" in the Administration Guide.


    SPS accepts passwords that are not longer than 150 characters. The following special characters can be used: !"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^-`{|}

  4. Click in the Groups section and select a group that the user will be member of. Repeat this step to add the user to multiple groups.

    If you wish to modify the group membership of a local user later on, you can do that here.

    To remove a user from a group, click next to the group.

  5. Click Commit.

Deleting a local user from SPS


To delete a local user from SPS, complete the following steps.

  1. Navigate to AAA > Local Users.

  2. Find the user you wish to delete.

  3. Click next to the user, at the right edge of the screen.

  4. Click Commit.

Setting password policies for local users


SPS can use password policies to enforce minimal password strength and password expiry. To create a password policy, complete the following steps.


Note the following important points about password policies.

  • Password policies do not apply to the built-in admin user.

  • Password policies apply only for locally managed users, and have no effect if you manage your users from an LDAP database, or if you authenticate your users to a RADIUS server.


    SPS accepts passwords that are not longer than 150 characters. The following special characters can be used: !"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=>?@[\]^-`{|}

  1. Navigate to AAA > Settings.

    Figure 65: AAA > Settings — Configuring password policies

  2. Verify that the Authentication method is set to Password provided by database and that the User database is set to Local.


    If the setting of these fields is different (for example LDAP or RADIUS), then SPS is not configured to manage passwords locally.

  3. Set how long the passwords are valid in the Password expiration field. After this period, SPS users will have to change their password. To disable password expiry, enter 0.

  4. To prevent password-reuse (for example when a user has two password and instead of changing to a new password only switches between the two), set how many different passwords must the user use before reusing an old password.

  5. To enforce the use of strong password, select the level of password-complexity from the Minimal password strength field.


    The strength of the password is determined by its entropy: the variety of numbers, letters, capital letters, and special characters used, not only by its length.

    To execute some simple dictionary-based attacks to find weak passwords, set Cracklib (eg. dictionary) check on password to Enabled.

  6. Click Commit.


    Changes to the password policy do not affect existing passwords. However, setting password expiry will require every user to change their passwords after the expiry date, and the new passwords must comply with the strength requirements set in the password policy.

Managing local usergroups


You can use local groups to control the privileges of SPS local users — who can view and configure what.

For the description of built-in groups, see User management and access control.

Use the AAA > Group Management page to:

  • Create a new usergroup.

  • Display which users belong to a particular local usergroup.

  • Edit group memberships.

To create a new group, complete the following steps:

  1. Navigate to AAA > Group Management and click .

    Figure 66: AAA > Group Management — Group management

  2. Enter a name for the group.

  3. Enter the names of the users belonging to the group. Click to add more users.

  4. Click Commit.

    Once you have added your usergroups, the next step is to start assigning privileges to them. For details on how to do that, see Assigning privileges to usergroups for the SPS web interface.

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