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One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions 6.1.0 - Administration Guide

Preface Introduction The concepts of One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) The Welcome Wizard and the first login Basic settings
Supported web browsers and operating systems The structure of the web interface Network settings Configuring date and time System logging, SNMP and e-mail alerts Configuring system monitoring on SPS Data and configuration backups Archiving and cleanup Forwarding data to third-party systems Joining to One Identity Starling
User management and access control Managing One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS)
Controlling One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS): reboot, shutdown Managing Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) clusters Managing a High Availability One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) cluster Upgrading One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Managing the One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) license Accessing the One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) console Sealed mode Out-of-band management of One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Managing the certificates used on One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS)
General connection settings HTTP-specific settings ICA-specific settings RDP-specific settings SSH-specific settings Telnet-specific settings VMware Horizon View connections VNC-specific settings Indexing audit trails Using the Search interface Advanced authentication and authorization techniques Reports The One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) RPC API The One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) REST API One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) scenarios Troubleshooting One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Configuring external devices Using SCP with agent-forwarding Security checklist for configuring One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Jumplists for in-product help LDAP user and group resolution in SPS Appendix: Deprecated features

The archives table

NOTE:

The structure of these database tables may change in future One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) versions.

Table 15: Columns of the archives table
Column Type Description
id integer The unique ID number of the entry.
orig_filename text The original name of the file, as stored on SPS.
policy_id text The ID of the archiving policy that archived the file.
saved_filename text The name of the archive file containing the file.
server text The address of the server where the file was archived.
type text Indicates the type of the file: audit or index.

The audit_trail_downloads table

This table contains information about the downloaded audit trails.

NOTE:

The structure of these database tables may change in future One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) versions.

Table 16: Columns of the audit_trail_downloads table
Column Type Description
channel_id integer This value is a reference to the ID of the channels table where the download occurred.
download_time integer Time when the download was started.
from_api boolean The value is true, if it has been downloaded through (RPC) API, and false if through the web user interface.
id integer The unique ID of the entry.
ip text The client IP address.
username text The username of the downloader on the web user interface. If indexer is used, then the login username.

The channels table

NOTE:

The structure of these database tables may change in future One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) versions.

Table 17: Columns of the channels table
Column Type Description
application text

Application: The name of the application accessed in a seamless Citrix ICA connection.

_archive_date date

Archive date: The date when the connection was archived or cleaned up.

_archive_path text

Archive path: The path where the audit trail was archived on the remote server.

_archive_policy text
_archive_server text

Archive server: The hostname or IP address of the remote server where the audit trail was archived.

audit text

Audit-trail: Name and ID of the audit file storing the traffic of the channel. If the session has an audit trail, a icon is displayed. Note that a the following letters may appear on the download icon:

auth_method text

Authentication method: The authentication method used in the connection. For example, password

channel_policy text

Channel policy: The Channel policy applied to connection. The Channel policy lists the channels (for example, terminal session and SCP in SSH, or Drawing and Clipboard in RDP) that can be used in the connection, and also determines if the channel is audited or not. The Channel policy can also restrict access to each channel based on the IP address of the client or the server, a user list, user group, or a time policy.

channel_type text

Channel type: Type of the channel.

client_x509_subject text

Client X.509 Subject: The client's certificate in TELNET or VNC sessions. Available only if the Client-side transport security settings > Peer certificate validation option is enabled in SPS.

_close_cleanup boolean
command_extracted boolean

The value is true if the window title and the command has been extracted real-time (during alerting) so that the indexer service does not have to extract them again. It is false if they will be extracted only during indexing.

_connection_channel_id integer

Unique connection ID: The unique identifier of the connection.

connection_id text

Connection policy ID: The identifier of the connection policy.

connection text

Connection policy: The connection policy that handled the client's connection request.

device_name text

Device name: The name or ID of the shared device (redirect) used in the RDP connection.

dst_ip text

Destination IP: The IP address of the server as requested by the client.

dst_port integer

Destination port: The port number of the server as requested by the client.

dynamic_channel text

Dynamic channel: The name or ID of the dynamic channel opened in the RDP session.

exec_cmd text

Exec command: The command executed in a Session exec channel.

four_eyes_authorizer text

Four-eyes authorizer: The username of the user who authorized the session. Available only if 4-eyes authorization is required for the channel. For details on 4-eyes authorization, see Configuring four-eyes authorization.

four_eyes_description text

Four-eyes description: The description submitted by the authorizer of the session.

id integer The unique ID of the channel.
index_status integer

Channel's indexing status: Shows if the channel has been indexed. The following values are possible:

  • CHANNEL_OPEN (0): The connection of the channel is still open (indexer is waiting for the connection to close).

  • NOT_INDEXED (1): All channels of the connection have been closed which belong to the connection. The channel is ready for indexing, unless the audit trail was placed in the skipped_connections queue.

  • INDEXING_IN_PROGRESS (2): The channel is being indexed (indexing in progress). Note that SPS will return search results for the parts of the channel are already indexed.

  • INDEXED (3): Indexing the channel is complete.

  • INDEXING_NOT_REQUIRED (4): Indexing not required (indexing is not enabled for the connection).

  • INDEXING_FAILED (5): Indexing failed. The indexer service writes the corresponding error message in the error_message column of the indexer_jobs table. Note that SPS will return search results for the parts of the channel that were successfully indexed before the error occurred. For example, if the error occurred at the end of a long audit trail, you can still search for content from the first part of the audit trail.

  • NO_TRAIL (6): Auditing is not enabled for the channel.

local_ip text

Server-local IP: The IP address of SPS used in the server-side connection.

local_port integer

Server-local port: The port number of SPS used in the server-side connection.

originator_addr text

Port/X11 forward originator IP: The IP address of the host initiating the channel in Remote Forward and Local Forward channels. Note that this host is not necessarily the client or the server of the SSH connection.

originator_port integer

Port/X11 forward originator port: The number of the forwarded port in Remote Forward and Local Forward channels.

protocol text

Protocol: The protocol used in the connection (Citrix ICA, HTTP, RDP, SSH, Telnet, or VNC).

remote_username text

Username on server: The username used to log in to the remote server. This username can differ from the client-side username if usermapping is used in the connection. For details on usermapping, see Configuring usermapping policies.

rule_num text

Rule number: The number of the line in the Channel policy applied to the channel.

scp_path text

SCP path: Name and path of the file copied via SCP. Available only for SCP sessions (Session exec SCP SSH channels) if the Log file transfers to database option is enabled in the Channel Policy of the connection.

server_ip text

Server IP: The IP address of the server connected by SPS.

server_port integer

Server port: The port number of the server connected by SPS.

session_end integer

End time: Date when the channel was closed.

session_id text

Session ID:

A globally unique string that identifies the session. This session ID has the following format: svc/<unique-random-hash>/<name-of-the-connection-policy>:<session-number-since-service-started>/<protocol>, for example, svc/5tmEaM7xdNi1oscgVWpbZx/ssh_console:1/ssh.

Log messages related to the session also contain this ID. For example:

2015-03-20T14:29:15+01:00 demo.example
zorp/scb_ssh[5594]: scb.audit(4):
(svc/5tmEaM7xdNi1oscgVWpbZx/ssh_console:0/ssh):
Closing connection; connection='ssh_console',
protocol='ssh', connection_id='409829754550c1c7a27e7d',
src_ip='10.40.0.28', src_port='39183',
server_ip='10.10.20.35', server_port='22',
gateway_username='', remote_username='example-username',
verdict='ZV_ACCEPT'
			
session_start integer

Start time: Date when the channel was started.

src_ip text

Source IP: The IP address of the client.

src_port integer

Source port: The port number of the client.

subsystem_name text

Subsystem name: Name of the SSH subsystem used in the channel.

target_addr text

Port-forward target IP: The traffic was forwarded to this IP address in Remote Forward and Local Forward channels.

target_port integer

Port-forward target port: The traffic was forwarded to this port in Remote Forward and Local Forward channels.

username text

Username: The username used in the session.

  • If the user performed inband gateway authentication in the connection, the field contains the username from the gateway authentication (gateway username).

  • Otherwise, the field contains the username used on the remote server.

verdict text

Verdict: Indicates what SPS decided about the channel.

  • ACCEPT: Accepted.

  • ACCEPT-TERMINATED: Connection was accepted and established, but a content policy terminated the connection. For details on content policies, see Real-time content monitoring with Content Policies.

  • CONN-AUTH-FAIL: User authentication failed.

  • CONN-DENY: Connection rejected.

  • CONN-FAIL: Connection failed, that is, it was allowed to pass SPS but timed out on the server.

  • CONN-GW-AUTH-FAIL: Gatway authentication failed.

  • CONN-KEY-ERROR: Hostkey mismatch.

  • CONN-USER-MAPPING-FAIL: Usermapping failed.

  • DENY: Denied.

  • FOUR-EYES-DEFERRED: Waiting for remote username.

  • FOUR-EYES-ERROR: Internal error during four-eyes authorization.

  • FOUR-EYES-REJECT: Four-eyes authorization rejected.

  • FOUR-EYES-TIMEOUT: Four-eyes authorization timed out.

window_title_extracted boolean

The value is true if the window title and the command has been extracted real-time (during alerting) so that the indexer service does not have to extract them again. It is false if they will be extracted only during indexing.

The closed_connection_audit_channels view

NOTE:

The structure of these database tables may change in future One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) versions.

This view returns all audited channels whose connection have been closed. The view is defined as follows:

create view closed_connection_audit_channels
as
select *
from channels
where audit is not null
and index_status = 1;

For details on the returned columns, see The channels table.

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