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One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions 6.2.0 - REST API Reference Guide

Introduction Using the SPS REST API Basic settings User management and access control Managing SPS General connection settings HTTP connections Citrix ICA connections RDP connections SSH connections Telnet connections VNC connections Search, download, and index sessions Reporting Health and maintenance Advanced authentication and authorization Completing the Welcome Wizard using REST Enable and configure analytics using REST

Local services: configuring the indexer

Indexing is a resource intensive (CPU and hard disk) operation, and depending on the number of processed audit trails and parallel connections passing SPS, may affect the performance of SPS. Test it thoroughly before enabling it in a production environment that is under heavy load. If your SPS appliance cannot handle the connections and the indexing, consider using external indexers (see "Configuring external indexers" in the Administration Guide) to decrease the load on SPS. For sizing recommendations, ask your One Identity partner or contact our Support Team.

NOTE:

Only those audit trails will be processed that were created after full-text indexing had been configured for the connection policy. It is not possible to process already existing audit trails.

NOTE:

Using content policies significantly slows down connections (approximately 5 times slower), and can also cause performance problems when using the indexer service.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/local_services/indexer
Cookies
Cookie name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists the configuration options.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/local_services/indexer
Response

The following is a sample response received when external indexers are disabled.

For details of the meta object, see Message format.

{
    "body": {
        "decryption_keys": [
            {
                "key": "e38d47bd-5374-4d7c-b683-e26ea77142e2",
                "meta": {
                    "href": "/api/configuration/x509/e38d47bd-5374-4d7c-b683-e26ea77142e2"
                }
            }
        ],

        "number_of_workers": 1,
        "remote_access": {
            "enabled": false
        },
        "selection": "integrated"
    },
    "key": "indexer",
    "meta": {
        "first": "/api/configuration/local_services/admin_web",
        "href": "/api/configuration/local_services/indexer",
        "last": "/api/configuration/local_services/user_web",
        "next": "/api/configuration/local_services/postgresql",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/local_services",
        "previous": "/api/configuration/local_services/admin_web",
        "remaining_seconds": 599,
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
    }
}

A sample response when external indexers are enabled:

{
    "body": {
        "decryption_keys": [],
        "number_of_workers": 1,
        "remote_access": {
            "access_restriction": {
                "allowed_from": [
                    "10.40.0.0/16"
                ],
                "enabled": true
            },
            "enabled": true,
            "listen": [
                {
                    "address": {
                        "key": "nic1.interfaces.ff7574025754b3df1647001.addresses.1",
                        "meta": {
                            "href": "/api/configuration/network/nics/nic1#interfaces/ff7574025754b3df1647001/addresses/1"
                        }
                    },
                    "port": 12345
                }
            ],
            "ssl_config": {
                "ca": {
                    "key": "52735ce4-4a43-458d-8803-c23c715640a5",
                    "meta": {
                        "href": "/api/configuration/x509/52735ce4-4a43-458d-8803-c23c715640a5"
                    }
                },
                "service": {
                    "key": "60eacdba-d889-4cb4-bdb0-cbbd4054f01c",
                    "meta": {
                        "href": "/api/configuration/x509/60eacdba-d889-4cb4-bdb0-cbbd4054f01c"
                    }
                },
                "worker": {
                    "key": "93198544-1e82-4661-90b7-e01b0b1e2ed9",
                    "meta": {
                        "href": "/api/configuration/x509/93198544-1e82-4661-90b7-e01b0b1e2ed9"
                    }
                }
            }
        },
        "selection": "integrated"
    },
    "key": "indexer",
    "meta": {
        "first": "/api/configuration/local_services/admin_web",
        "href": "/api/configuration/local_services/indexer",
        "last": "/api/configuration/local_services/user_web",
        "next": "/api/configuration/local_services/postgresql",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/local_services",
        "previous": "/api/configuration/local_services/admin_web",
        "remaining_seconds": 599,
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
    }
}
Element Type Description
key string Top level element, contains the ID of the endpoint.
body Top level element (string) Contains the configuration options of the indexer service.
decryption_keys list Indexing encrypted audit trails requires the X.509 certificates and the matching private keys. The certificates must in PEM format, and use RSA keys. This parameter lists the reference IDs of the configured decryption keys. When configuring the indexer, you must first upload the keys before you can configure the decryption keys. For details, see Private keys stored on SPS.
key reference The ID of the referenced decryption key. You can upload private keys at the /api/configuration/private_key endpoint. For details, see Private keys stored on SPS.
number_of_workers integer

This option determines the maximum number of parallel indexing tasks that the SPS appliance performs. The default value is set to the number of detected CPU cores. Note that indexing audit trails requires about 50-100 Mbytes of memory for terminal sessions (SSH, Telnet, TN3270), and 150-300 Mbytes for graphical sessions (RDP, ICA, VNC, X11). Consider the memory usage of your SPS host before modifying this value.

remote_access JSON object Enables external indexers to access the SPS host, and configures access restrictions and other parameters.
selection string The value of this option must be integrated.
Element Type Description

access_restriction

JSON object

Enables and configures limitations on the clients that can access the web interface, based on the IP address of the clients.

allowed_from

list

The list of IP networks from where the administrators are permitted to access this management interface. To specify the IP addresses or networks, use the IPv4-Address/prefix format, for example, 10.40.0.0/16.

enabled

boolean

Set it to true to restrict access to the specified client addresses.

enabled boolean

Enables the remote access for the external indexers. That way, indexer services running on external hosts can access the audit trails, index them, and upload the indexed data to SPS. If this option is set to False, SPS ignores every other option of this object. For details on installing and configuring external indexers, see "Configuring external indexers" in the Administration Guide.

Caution:

Disabling an already configured remote indexer access causes SPS to delete every related certificate. If you re-enable remote indexer access, SPS generates new certificates, and you have to import them to the external indexer hosts.

listen list Selects the network interface, IP address, and port where the clients can access the web interface.
address JSON object

A reference to a configured network interface and IP address where this local service accepts connections. For example, if querying the interface /api/configuration/network/nics/nic1#interfaces/ff7574025754b3df1647001/addresses/ returns the following response:

{
    "body": {
        "interfaces": {
            "@order": [
                "ff7574025754b3df1647001"
            ],
            "ff7574025754b3df1647001": {
                "addresses": {
                    "1": "10.40.255.171/24",
                    "@order": [
                        "1"
                    ]
                },
                "name": "default",
                "vlantag": 0
            }
        },
        "name": "eth0",
        "speed": "auto"
    },
    "key": "nic1",
    "meta": {
        "first": "/api/configuration/network/nics/nic1",
        "href": "/api/configuration/network/nics/nic1",
        "last": "/api/configuration/network/nics/nic3",
        "next": "/api/configuration/network/nics/nic2",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/network/nics",
        "previous": null,
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
    }
    }

Then the listening address of the local service is the following.

nic1.interfaces.ff7574025754b3df1647001.addresses.1

This is the format you have to use when configuring the address of the local service using REST:

"address": "nic1.interfaces.ff7574025754b3df1647001.addresses.1"

When querying a local services endpoint, the response will contain a reference to the IP address of the interface in the following format:

"address": {
    "key": "nic1.interfaces.ff7574025754b3df1647001.addresses.1",
    "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/network/nics/nic1#interfaces/ff7574025754b3df1647001/addresses/1"
    }
    },
port integer

The port number where this local service accepts connections.

ssl_config JSON object Contains references to the certificates used to encrypt the communication between SPS and the external indexer hosts. SPS generates these certificates automatically when you enable the indexer service.
ca reference The ID of the CA certificate used to sign the certificates used to communicate between SPS and the external indexers.
service reference The ID of the certificate that SPS shows to the external indexer hosts.
worker reference The ID of the certificate that the external indexer hosts must show to SPS.
Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

Code Description Notes
401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
401 AuthenticationFailure Authenticating the user with the given credentials has failed.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.
Updating the indexer configuration

To update the configuration of the indexer, you have to PUT the updated configuration in JSON format to the endpoint, for example:

{
    "decryption_keys": ["216b33dd-a1cd-41b1-85c5-66290b7a043d"],
    "number_of_workers": 2,
    "remote_access": {
        "access_restriction": {
            "allowed_from": [
                "10.40.0.0/16"
            ],
            "enabled": true
        },
        "enabled": true,
        "listen": [
            {
                "address": "nic1.interfaces.ff7574025754b3df1647001.addresses.1",
                "port": 12354
            }
        ],
        "ssl_config": {
            "ca": "773ed50d-3066-44f1-84ec-cbef59111702",
            "service": "a8b6c791-c24a-466d-ac50-a425a5253d46",
            "worker": "c54c436f-63c5-4a2e-a59e-7ad904bbf0f2"
            }
    },
    "selection": "integrated"
}

Indexer policies

Indexer policies allow you to configure the Optical Character Recognition (OCR) engine of SPS, and specify which languages it should use. Only graphical protocols (RDP, Citrix ICA, VNC) are affected.

NOTE:

In the case of graphical protocols, the default Optical Character Recognition (OCR) configuration is automatic language detection. This means that the OCR engine will attempt to detect the languages of the indexed audit trails automatically. However, if you know in advance what language(s) will be used, create a new Indexer Policy.

If you specify the languages manually, note the following:

  • Specifying only one language provides the best results in terms of performance and precision.

  • The English language is always detected along with the non-English languages that you have configured. However, if you want the OCR to only recognize the English language, you have to select it from the list of languages.

  • There are certain limitations in the OCR engine when recognizing languages with very different character sets. For this reason, consider the following:

    • When selecting Asian languages (Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Korean), avoid adding languages that use the Latin alphabet.

    • When selecting the Arabic language, avoid selecting any other languages.

    • The Thai language is currently not supported. If you are interested in using SPS to index Thai texts, contact our Sales Team.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/policies/indexing
Cookies
Cookie name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists the available indexer policies.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/policies/indexing

The following command displays a specific indexer policy.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/policies/indexing/<id-of-the-policy>
Response

The following is a sample response received when querying the /api/configuration/policies/indexing/ endpoint.

For details of the meta object, see Message format.

{
    "items": [
        {
            "key": "-50000",
            "meta": {
                "href": "/api/configuration/policies/indexing/-50000"
            }
        },
        {
            "key": "13442970955825a89b55e46",
            "meta": {
                "href": "/api/configuration/policies/indexing/13442970955825a89b55e46"
            }
        }
    ],

    "meta": {
        "first": "/api/configuration/policies/audit_policies",
        "href": "/api/configuration/policies/indexing",
        "last": "/api/configuration/policies/usermapping_policies",
        "next": "/api/configuration/policies/ldap_servers",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/policies",
        "previous": "/api/configuration/policies/credentialstores",
        "remaining_seconds": 599,
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
    }
}

A sample response when querying a specific indexer policy:

{
    "body": {
        "index": {
            "command": true,
            "keyboard": false,
            "mouse": false,
            "screen_content": false,
            "window_title": true
        },
        "name": "english-german-russian",
        "ocr": {
            "accuracy": "accurate"
            "custom_languages": {
                "enabled": true,
                "languages": [
                    "eng",
                    "deu",
                    "rus"
                ]
            }
        }
    },
    "key": "-50000",
    "meta": {
        "first": "/api/configuration/policies/indexing/-50000",
        "href": "/api/configuration/policies/indexing/-50000",
        "last": "/api/configuration/policies/indexing/-50000",
        "next": null,
        "parent": "/api/configuration/policies/indexing",
        "previous": null,
        "remaining_seconds": 599,
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
    }
}
Element Type Description
key string Top level element, contains the ID of the policy.
body Top level element (string) Contains the configuration options of the indexer policy.
index Top level element

Contains the indexed events of the indexer policy. Possible values:

  • command: A command entered in SSH or Telnet.

  • keyboard: Keyboard-related events, for example, pressing Enter.

  • mouse: Mouse-related events, for example, mouse clicks.

  • screen_content: Screen content elements, for example, commands, window titles, IP addresses, user names, and so on.

  • window_title: The title of the window in graphic protocols.

name string The name of the indexer policy.
ocr JSON object Configuration of the OCR engine.
accuracy string

Accuracy level for Optical Character Recognition. Possible values:

  • fast: The fastest option with potentially less accurate results. Select this option if speed is more important to you than getting the most accurate results possible.

  • balanced: Fairly accurate option with less than optimum speed. Select this option if you want results to be fairly accurate but you have more than a few sessions to process and processing time is less of a concern.

  • accurate: The most accurate option with less optimal speed. Select this option if you must have the most accurate results possible and speed is less important or you only have a few sessions to process.

custom_languages Top level element Configures what languages to detect.
Custom languages elements Type Description
custom_languages Top level element Configures what languages to detect.
enabled boolean If false, the OCR engine detects the language of the text automatically. This is the default behavior. To specify which languages to use, set the custom_languages element to true, and list the abbreviation of the languages in the languages element (for example, "eng", "ger").
languages list

The list of languages the OCR engine should use to process graphical protocols. To specify which languages to use, set the custom_languages element to true, and list the abbreviation of the languages in the languages element (for example, "eng", "ger").

  • Specifying only one language provides the best results in terms of performance and precision.

  • The English language is always detected along with the non-English languages that you have configured. However, if you want the OCR to only recognize the English language, you have to select it from the list of languages.

  • There are certain limitations in the OCR engine when recognizing languages with very different character sets. For this reason, consider the following:

    • When selecting Asian languages (Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese, Korean), avoid adding languages that use the Latin alphabet.

    • When selecting the Arabic language, avoid selecting any other languages.

    • The Thai language is currently not supported. If you are interested in using SPS to index Thai texts, contact our Sales Team.

The following languages are supported: English: eng, German: deu, French: fra, Dutch: nld, Norwegian: nor, Swedish: swe, Finnish: fin, Danish: dan, Icelandic: isl, Portuguese: por, Spanish: spa, Catalan: cat, Galician: glg, Italian: ita, Maltese: mlt, Greek: ell, Polish: pol, Czech: ces, Slovak: slk, Hungarian: hun, Slovenian: slv, Croatian: hrv, Romanian: ron, Albanian: sqi, Turkish: tur, Estonian: est, Latvian: lav, Lithuanian: lit, Esperanto: epo, Serbian(Latin): qsl, Serbian: srp, Macedonian: mkd, Moldavian: mol, Bulgarian: bul, Byelorussian: bel, Ukrainian: ukr, Russian: rus, Chechen: che, Kabardian: kbd, Afrikaans: afr, Aymara: aym, Basque: eus, Bemba: bem, Blackfoot: bla, Breton: bre, Brazilian: qbp, Bugotu: bgt, Chamorro: cha, Tswana(Chuana): tsn, Corsican: cos, Crow: cro, Eskimo: qes, Faroese: fao, Fijian: fij, Frisian: fry, Friulian: fur, Gaelic(Irish): gle, Gaelic(Scottish): gla, Ganda(Luganda): lug, Guarani: grn, Hani: hni, Hawaiian: haw, Ido: ido, Indonesian: ind, Interlingua: ina, Kasub: csb, Kawa: wbm, Kikuyu: kik, Kongo: kon, Kpelle: kpe, Kurdish: kur, Latin: lat, Luba: lua, Luxembourgish: ltz, Malagasy: mlg, Malay: msa, Malinke: mlq, Maori: mri, Mayan: MYN, Miao: hmn, Minangkabau: min, Mohawk: moh, Nahuatl: NAH, Nyanja: nya, Occidental: ile, Ojibway: oji, Papiamento: pap, PidginEnglish: tpi, Provencal: oci, Quechua: que, Rhaetic: roh, Romany: rom, Rwanda: kin, Rundi: run, Samoan: smo, Sardinian: srd, Shona: sna, Sioux: dak, Sami: SMI, Sami(Lule): smj, Sami(Northern): sme, Sami(Southern): sma, Somali: som, Sotho: sot, Sundanese: sun, Swahili: swa, Swazi: ssw, Tagalog: tgl, Tahitian: tah, Tinpo: qti, Tongan: ton, Tun: tug, Visayan: qis, Welsh: cym, Sorbian(Wend): WEN, Wolof: wol, Xhosa: xho, Zapotec: zap, Zulu: zul.

Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

Code Description Notes
201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
401 AuthenticationFailure Authenticating the user with the given credentials has failed.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.
409 Conflict No open Transaction is available. Open a transaction before using this request. For details, see Open a transaction.
Add an indexing policy

To add an indexing policy, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Create the JSON object for the new indexing policy.

    You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Element .

    POST the JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/policies/indexing endpoint. If the POST request is successful, the response includes the key of the new ticketing policy. For example:

    {
      "key": "aa423b72-0d0f-4275-be30-494e9a99ffad",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/policies/indexing/aa423b72-0d0f-4275-be30-494e9a99ffad",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/policies/indexing",
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
      }
    }
  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Reporting

Topics:

Reporting

List of endpoints for configuring reporting, and accessing the generated reports.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/reporting
Cookies
Cookie name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists the available endpoints.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/configuration/reporting
Response

The following is a sample response received when listing the available endpoints.

For details of the meta object, see Message format.

{
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/aaa",
    "href": "/api/configuration/reporting",
    "last": "/api/configuration/x509",
    "next": "/api/configuration/ssh",
    "parent": "/api/configuration",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/rdp",
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  },
  "items": [
    {
      "key": "content_subchapters",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/content_subchapters"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "custom_subchapters",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/custom_subchapters"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "predefined_reports",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/predefined_reports"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "reports",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/reports"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "statistics_subchapters",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/reporting/statistics_subchapters"
      }
    }
  ]
}
Endpoint Description
content_subchapters List of the reporting subchapters created from audit trail content (statistics of search keywords, and screenshots).
custom_subchapters List of the reporting subchapters created from custom queries to the SPS connection database.
predefined_reports List of the pre-defined reports available on SPS.
reports List of the configured reports.
statistics_subchapters List of the reporting subchapters created from connection statistics.
Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

Code Description Notes
201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
400 InvalidQuery The requested filter or its value is invalid.
401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
401 AuthenticationFailure Authenticating the user with the given credentials has failed.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.
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