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One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions 6.8.1 - Administration Guide

Preface Introduction The concepts of One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS)
The philosophy of One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Policies Credential Stores Plugin framework Indexing Supported protocols and client applications Modes of operation Connecting to a server through One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Archive and backup concepts Maximizing the scope of auditing IPv6 in One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) SSH host keys Authenticating clients using public-key authentication in SSH The gateway authentication process Four-eyes authorization Network interfaces High Availability support in One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Versions and releases of One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Accessing and configuring One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS)
The Welcome Wizard and the first login Basic settings
Supported web browsers and operating systems The structure of the web interface Network settings Configuring date and time System logging, SNMP and e-mail alerts Configuring system monitoring on SPS Data and configuration backups Archiving and cleanup Using plugins Forwarding data to third-party systems Joining to One Identity Starling
User management and access control Managing One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS)
Controlling One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS): reboot, shutdown Managing Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) clusters Managing a High Availability One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) cluster Upgrading One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Managing the One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) license Accessing the One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) console Sealed mode Out-of-band management of One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Managing the certificates used on One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS)
General connection settings HTTP-specific settings ICA-specific settings MSSQL-specific settings RDP-specific settings SSH-specific settings Telnet-specific settings VMware Horizon View connections VNC-specific settings Indexing audit trails Using the Search interface Advanced authentication and authorization techniques Reports The One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) RPC API The One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) REST API One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) scenarios Troubleshooting One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Using SPS with SPP Configuring external devices Using SCP with agent-forwarding Security checklist for configuring One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Jumplists for in-product help Configuring SPS to use an LDAP backend Glossary

Configuring the Sessions-initiated workflow

Sessions-initiated (SPS-initiated) workflow

In the Sessions-initiated workflow, the users initiate sessions from SPS. In this workflow SPS uses SPP as a credential store.

This workflow is transparent in the sense that you can connect to the target server or to SPS directly using your SSH or RDP client application. SPS authenticates these clients and communicates with SPP to get the password for the target server. It then uses that password to open the connection. Authentication happens on SPS, while authorization happens on SPP based on the user's entitlements.

This is what old and new users of standalone SPS are likely to prefer.

The usual SPP Access Requests workflows that SPP provides are supported:

Figure 364: Sessions-initiated (SPS-initiated) workflow

Prerequisites
  • Minimum versions:

    • SPP version 2.8

    • SPS version 6.2 and newer, including 6.0.2 and newer versions of the 6.0.x branch, but excluding 6.1.x

  • You must have built an SPS cluster by promoting an SPS node to the role of the Central Management node, even if it is a single node. For more information, see Creating a cluster.

Limitations
  • Only SSH and RDP sessions are supported.

  • Users must perform gateway authentication on SPS with the same username they have Entitlements for in SPP.

    • For SSH sessions, the gateway authentication can use a Local User Database, an LDAP server, or an Active Directory server as authentication backend.

      Note that SPP does not support every type of LDAP and Active Directory settings that SPS does. Verify that you can configure both appliances to access and retrieve data from the LDAP or Active Directory server.

    • For RDP sessions, SPS must be configured to act as a Remote Desktop Gateway. For details, see Using One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) as a Remote Desktop Gateway.

      The gateway authentication can use a Local User Database or an Active Directory server as authentication backend. When using an Active Directory server, note the following points.

      • Both SPS and SPP must use the same server, and be the member of the same domain as the Active Directory server.

      • SPP does not support every type of Active Directory settings that SPS does. Verify that you can configure both appliances to access and retrieve data from the Active Directory server.

      • SPS does not receive the domain of the authenticated user from the Domain Controller. SPS assumes that the user belongs to the same domain that SPS is joined into. (Configuring trust between the Domain Controller of SPS and the Domain Controller of the user does not solve this problem.)

  • You must use a uniform address for the target server. Use either its IPv4 address or its hostname everywhere: when configuring the Assets in SPP, the Connection Policies and Channel Policies in SPS, and also when the user sets the target address in the SSH/RDP application. Otherwise, the authentication will fail.

To configure the Sessions-initiated (SPS-initiated) workflow

  1. On SPS, link SPP and SPS as described in Linking SPS to SPP.

  2. Configure SPP to allow SPP to request passwords from SPP as described in Configuring SPP for Sessions-initiated workflow.

  3. Configure SPS to use the linked SPP as a Credential Store as described in Configuring SPS for Sessions-initiated workflow.

  4. Optionally, customize monitoring settings as follows:

Configuring SPP for Sessions-initiated workflow

To configure SPP to use the linked SPS in Sessions-initiated (SPS-initiated) workflows, complete the following steps. For details on the workflow, see Using SPS with SPP.

Prerequisites
  • Minimum versions:

    • SPP version 2.8

    • SPS version 6.2 and newer, including 6.0.2 and newer versions of the 6.0.x branch, but excluding 6.1.x

  • You must have built an SPS cluster by promoting an SPS node to the role of the Central Management node, even if it is a single node. For more information, see Creating a cluster.

To configure SPP for Sessions-initiated workflow

  1. On SPP, navigate to Administrative Tools > Settings > Session Management.

  2. Click Session Module Password Access Enabled to enable this feature. A dialog opens.

  3. Type Enable.

  4. Ensure that SPP can access the usernames that will authenticate on the SPS gateway either from a local user database, or from an Active Directory.

  5. Ensure that these users have the proper Entitlements to access the passwords to their target servers. Otherwise, SPS will reject their sessions.

Configuring SPS for Sessions-initiated workflow

To configure SPS to use the linked SPP in Sessions-initiated (SPS-initiated) workflows, complete the following steps. For details on the workflow, see Using SPS with SPP.

Prerequisites
  • Minimum versions:

    • SPP version 2.8

    • SPS version 6.2 and newer, including 6.0.2 and newer versions of the 6.0.x branch, but excluding 6.1.x

  • You must have built an SPS cluster by promoting an SPS node to the role of the Central Management node, even if it is a single node. For more information, see Creating a cluster.

Limitations
  • Only SSH and RDP sessions are supported.

  • Users must perform gateway authentication on SPS with the same username they have Entitlements for in SPP.

    • For SSH sessions, the gateway authentication can use a Local User Database, an LDAP server, or an Active Directory server as authentication backend.

      Note that SPP does not support every type of LDAP and Active Directory settings that SPS does. Verify that you can configure both appliances to access and retrieve data from the LDAP or Active Directory server.

    • For RDP sessions, SPS must be configured to act as a Remote Desktop Gateway. For details, see Using One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) as a Remote Desktop Gateway.

      The gateway authentication can use a Local User Database or an Active Directory server as authentication backend. When using an Active Directory server, note the following points.

      • Both SPS and SPP must use the same server, and be the member of the same domain as the Active Directory server.

      • SPP does not support every type of Active Directory settings that SPS does. Verify that you can configure both appliances to access and retrieve data from the Active Directory server.

      • SPS does not receive the domain of the authenticated user from the Domain Controller. SPS assumes that the user belongs to the same domain that SPS is joined into. (Configuring trust between the Domain Controller of SPS and the Domain Controller of the user does not solve this problem.)

  • You must use a uniform address for the target server. Use either its IPv4 address or its hostname everywhere: when configuring the Assets in SPP, the Connection Policies and Channel Policies in SPS, and also when the user sets the target address in the SSH/RDP application. Otherwise, the authentication will fail.

To configure SPS for Sessions-initiated workflow

    Configure Connection Policies on SPS to audit your sessions. Note that you have to complete these steps for each Connection Policy that uses SPP as a Credential Store. For the general steps on configuring Connection Policies, see Configuring connections.

  1. Select Credential Store > safeguard_default

  2. Select AA plugin > safeguard_default

  3. Select Usermapping policy > safeguard_default

  4. Configure gateway authentication. The users must perform gateway authentication on SPS with the same username they have Entitlements for in SPP. For details, see Configuring gateway authentication.

  5. When you are using an Approve/deny workflow on SPP, increase the Idle timeout setting of the Connection Policy. SPS will wait for an approval from SPP until half the time set in Idle timeout. For example, if the authorizer on SPP has 2 minutes to approve the access request, set the Idle timeout option on SPS to more than double this value, for example, 5 minutes.

Linking SPS to SPP

You can link your One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) deployment to your One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Passwords (SPP) deployment.

IMPORTANT: Once performed, you cannot unlink the SPS and SPP deployments.

If the primary IP address of your SPS deployment or SPP deployment changes, you must repeat this procedure to relink the clusters. To repeat the procedure to relink the clusters, navigate to Basic Settings > Cluster management and click Relink SPP cluster.

Prerequisites

Before you start linking your SPS deployment to your SPP deployment, consider the following:

  • Your SPS deployment must be in an SPS cluster, set as a Central management node. Even if your SPS deployment consists of a single, standalone node, you must assign the Central management role to its own single-node cluster. For details, see Managing Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) clusters.

    Configuration synchronization must be enabled between the nodes of the SPS cluster. This is required so that SPP entitlements work properly for each SPS node.

    NOTE: If you have multiple standalone SPS appliances, consider joining them to a cluster before linking SPP. In general, One Identity recommends creating a cluster if the nodes can use a common configuration, or later you might want to centrally search the data of every node. Creating a cluster from the SPS nodes after linking SPP is problematic and should be avoided.

  • You will need the primary IP address or the hostname of your SPP deployment that SPS can use to access SPP. Only IPv4 addresses are supported.

  • You will need the username and password to an SPP account with "Appliance" and "Operations" permissions.

  • Verify that your SPS policies do not contain the safeguard_default string in their names. During the linking process, SPS automatically creates and configures several policies and plugins. The name of these policies usually contains the string safeguard_default. Existing policies with such names will be overwritten.

  • The SPP and SPS nodes must be able to communicate on the TCP 8649 port. If needed, update your firewall policies.

  • During the linking process, SPS must be able to access SPP using HTTPS on the TCP 443 port. This is required only once during the linking process. If needed, update your firewall policies.

To link your SPS deployment to SPP

  1. (Optional) Create a configuration backup of SPS. For details, see Creating configuration backups.

  2. (Optional) Create a configuration backup of SPP. For details, see the Safeguard for Privileged Passwords Administration Guide, Backup and Retention settings.

  3. Login to the Central management node of your SPS cluster. This node has Central management listed in the Basic Settings > Cluster management > Roles column.

  4. Navigate to Basic Settings > Cluster management, and click Link to SPP Cluster.

    Figure 365: Basic Settings > Cluster management — Linking SPS to SPP

    The Link Appliance to SPP dialog then appears.

    Figure 366: Basic Settings > Cluster management > Link to SPP Cluster — The Link Appliance to SPP dialog

  5. Enter the primary IP address of SPP in the SPP Address field.

    NOTE: Only IPv4 addresses are supported.

  6. Click Link. Wait until you are redirected to SPP.

  7. Login to SPP. Wait until you are redirected to SPS.

  8. Wait until SPS creates and configures the policies and plugins required for the joint operation of SPS and SPP. This step can usually take up to a minute.

  9. You will receive a message:

    • If the linking is unsuccessful, this message displays: Request failed.

      If this happens, check the credentials and the IP address that you provided.

      For details on resolving errors, see SPP to SPS link issues and SPP to SPS link error resolution

    • If the linking is successful, this message displays: SPS successfully linked to SPP.

      SPP automatically closes any open access requests.

  10. Log out from the SPS web interface.

Caution:

If the primary IP address of your SPS or SPP changes, you must repeat the linking procedure to relink the clusters. Use the Relink SPP cluster button to do so.

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