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One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions 6.8.1 - Administration Guide

Preface Introduction The concepts of One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS)
The philosophy of One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Policies Credential Stores Plugin framework Indexing Supported protocols and client applications Modes of operation Connecting to a server through One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Archive and backup concepts Maximizing the scope of auditing IPv6 in One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) SSH host keys Authenticating clients using public-key authentication in SSH The gateway authentication process Four-eyes authorization Network interfaces High Availability support in One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Versions and releases of One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Accessing and configuring One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS)
The Welcome Wizard and the first login Basic settings
Supported web browsers and operating systems The structure of the web interface Network settings Configuring date and time System logging, SNMP and e-mail alerts Configuring system monitoring on SPS Data and configuration backups Archiving and cleanup Using plugins Forwarding data to third-party systems Joining to One Identity Starling
User management and access control Managing One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS)
Controlling One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS): reboot, shutdown Managing Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) clusters Managing a High Availability One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) cluster Upgrading One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Managing the One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) license Accessing the One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) console Sealed mode Out-of-band management of One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Managing the certificates used on One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS)
General connection settings HTTP-specific settings ICA-specific settings MSSQL-specific settings RDP-specific settings SSH-specific settings Telnet-specific settings VMware Horizon View connections VNC-specific settings Indexing audit trails Using the Search interface Advanced authentication and authorization techniques Reports The One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) RPC API The One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) REST API One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) scenarios Troubleshooting One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Using SPS with SPP Configuring external devices Using SCP with agent-forwarding Security checklist for configuring One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) Jumplists for in-product help Configuring SPS to use an LDAP backend Glossary

Troubleshooting the SPS to SPP link

Topics:

SPP to SPS link error resolution

Common linking error resolutions follow which may occur when linking SPS (SPP) to One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS).

Typo in SPP's address, the address is not reachable
  • Error: The browser reports errors when SPS redirects to SPP's login page, for example, This site can’t be reached. The exact error message depends on the browser.

  • Resolution: Click the Back button of the browser and enter the correct address into the SPP Address field.

Typo in SPP's address, the address is alive, but not an SPP
  • Error: After clicking the Join button, a web site other than SPP's Login interface is displayed.

  • Resolution: Click the Back button of the browser and enter the correct address into the SPP Address field.

SPP's HTTPS certificate does not match its IP address or hostnam
  • Error message: Error joining to SPP: SPS has failed to join to SPP. For more information, see the error details. (JoinFailed)

  • Raw error:

    {
      "response": "Error sending request: SSLError: HTTPSConnectionPool(host='examplespp.company', port=443): Max retries exceeded with url: /service/core/v3/Cluster/SessionModules (Caused by SSLError(CertificateError(\"hostname 'examplespp.company' doesn't match '192.0.2.123'\",),))",
      "status": null,
      "url": "https://examplespp.company/service/core/v3/Cluster/SessionModules"
    }
  • Resolution:

    • If SPP's certificate contains SPP's IPv4 address in the Common Name or subjectAltName field, then enter that IP address when linking SPS to SPP.

    • If SPP's certificate contains only its DNS name in the Common Name or subjectAltName field, then use that hostname when linking SPS to SPP.

    • Otherwise, set up an SSL server certificate for SPP which matches its IP address in the certificate's Common Name or subjectAltNamefields (see SSL Certificates in the Safeguard Administration Guide) and retry linking. Wait about five minutes to let the timeout of the failed link request expire before starting a new link request after a failed incomplete one. (Alternatively, see Reversing the SPP to SPS join in the Safeguard Administration Guide.)

Typo in SPP credentials
  • Error: Login to the SPP web interface fails.

  • Raw error:

    {
            "error": "invalid_request",
            "error_description": "Access denied.",
            "success": false
        }
  • Resolution: Make sure that the correct username and password are entered in the SPP username: and SPP password: prompts.
SPP user has insufficient permission
  • Error message: Error joining to SPP: SPS has failed to join to SPP. For more information, see the error details. (JoinFailed)

     Authorization is required for this request.
    
           Code: 60108
           URL: https://192.0.2.123/service/core/v3/Cluster/SessionModules
           Status: 403
  • Resolution: When SPS redirects to SPP's Login interface, then login as an SPP user has "Appliance" and "Operations" permissions.
SPS is already linked to SPP
  • Error message: Error joining to SPP: SPS has failed to join to SPP. For more information, see the error details. (JoinFailed)

    The session connection has a missing, invalid, or non-unique
    value [ NodeId ].
    
           Code: 60657
           URL: https://192.0.2.123/service/core/v3/Cluster/SessionModules
           Status: 400
  • Resolution: See Reversing the SPP to SPS join in the Safeguard Administration Guide.
Linking takes too long (more than five minutes)
  • ERROR: Request to https://192.0.2.123/service/a2a/v2/PsmValidation failed, response (HTTP 403):

        {
            "Code": 60108,
            "Message": "Authorization is required for this request.",
            "InnerError": null
        }
  • Resolution: Make sure that SPS is not overloaded and try linking again.

SPP to SPS link issues

In addition to the monitoring tools in Safeguard for Privileged Passwords (SPP), you can use the SPP to SPS link issues during the linking process. Several SPS tools are described below.

Link process fails and real-time monitoring

If the linking process fails for any reason, consult the system logs.

To view the Safeguard for Privileged Sessions logs, navigate to Basic Settings > Troubleshooting > View log files.

To show only the logs for the linking process:

  1. Select a Logtype of syslog.
  2. Select the Day; today is the default.
  3. In the Show only messages containing text box, enter SPP-join.

Use the buttons at the bottom of the dialog to perform the following tasks:

  • To download the log file, click Download.
  • To follow the current log messages real-time, click Tail. The latest logs will update in a browser window while you interact with the linking process.
  • To display the log messages, click View.

To increase the level of detail in the log, enable debug level logging: 

  1. Navigate to Basic Settings > Troubleshooting > Create support bundle.
  2. Click Start.
Linking successful but connections do not work

When SPP and SPS report a successful linking, but the connections do not work, view the SPS connection logs.

In Safeguard for Privileged Sessions, navigate to Basic Settings > Troubleshooting > View log files.

To show only the logs for the linking process:

  1. Select a Logtype of ssh or rdp.
  2. Select the Day (today is the default).
  3. In the Show only messages containing text box, enter SPP-join.

To change the verbosity level of SPS, complete the following steps in Safeguard for Privileged Sessions:

  1. Navigate to the Global Options page of the traffic for which you want to change the log level. For example, go to SSH Control > Global Options to change the log level of SSH traffic, RDP Control > Global Options for remote desktop traffic, and so on.
  2. Select the desired log level from the Verbosity level field. The verbosity level ranges from 1 (no logging) to 10 (extremely detailed), with level 4 being the default normal level.

CAUTION: High verbosity levels generate a very large amount of log messages and might result in a very high load on the machine. Log levels set around 9 to 10, may result in logs with highly sensitive data, for example, passwords in plain text format.

Testing network issues

You can use the Diagnostics tools of SPP and SPS to test network issues. The following commands are available:

  • ping: Sends a simple message to the specified host to test network connectivity.
  • traceroute: Sends a simple message from SPS to the specified host and displays all hosts on the path of the message. It is used to trace the path the message travels between the hosts.
  • connect: Attempts to connect the specified host using the specified port. It is used to test the availability or status of an application on the target host.

To execute one of the above commands on SPS, see Network troubleshooting.

To execute one of the above commands on SPP, see Diagnostics tools of SPP.

Creating an SPS Support Bundle

If you have an issue which needs Support assistance, you may be asked to provide an SPS Support Bundle. To collect system-state information (also known as a debug bundle) in One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions, see Collecting logs and system information for error reporting.

Configuring external devices

This section describes scenarios about configuring external devices to redirect selected traffic to One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS).

Topics:
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