Chat now with support
Chat with Support

One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions 6.8.1 - REST API Reference Guide

Introduction Using the SPS REST API Basic settings User management and access control Managing SPS General connection settings HTTP connections Citrix ICA connections MSSQL connections RDP connections SSH connections Telnet connections VNC connections Search, download, and index sessions Reporting Health and maintenance Advanced authentication and authorization Completing the Welcome Wizard using REST Enable and configure analytics using REST

RDP settings policies

RDP settings policies define protocol-level settings (timeout, display, protocol version, and authentication). You can create multiple policies, and choose the appropriate one for each RDP connection.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies
Cookies
Cookie name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists RDP settings policies.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies

The following command retrieves the properties of a specific policy.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/<policy-id>
Response

The following is a sample response received when listing RDP settings policies.

For details of the meta object, see Message format.

{
  "items": [
    {
      "key": "-301",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/-301"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "-303",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/-303"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "13298899495727c51f725cf",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/13298899495727c51f725cf"
      }
    }
  ],
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/rdp/channel_policies",
    "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies",
    "last": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies",
    "next": null,
    "parent": "/api/configuration/rdp",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/rdp/options",
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}

When retrieving the endpoint of a specific policy, the response is the following.

{
  "body": {
    "autologon_domain_suffix": "-AUTO",
    "name": "API_test",
    "timeout": 600,
    "inactivity_timeout": {
      "enabled": true
      "value": 13000
    },
    "permit_unreliable_usernames": true,
    "preconnect_channel_check": true,
    "protocol_features": {
      "nla": {
        "enabled": true,
        "require_domain_membership": true
      },
      "rdp4_auth_enabled": true,
      "rdp4_enabled": true,
      "rdp5_enabled": true
    },
    "screen": {
      "maximum_bpp": 32,
      "maximum_height": 2000,
      "maximum_width": 2000
    },
    "timeout": 600,
    "userauth_banner": "Click 'OK' to log in."
  },
  "key": "13298899495727c51f725cf",
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/-301",
    "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/13298899495727c51f725cf",
    "last": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/13298899495727c51f725cf",
    "next": null,
    "parent": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/-303",
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}
Element Type Description
key string Top level element, contains the ID of the policy.
body Top level element (string) The elements of the RDP settings policy.
autologon_domain_suffix string Enter the suffix that the client will append to the domain when using autologon in conjunction with Network Level Authentication (CredSSP).
name string Name of the RDP settings policy. Cannot contain whitespace.
permit_unreliable_usernames boolean Set to true to automatically terminate RDP connections if SPS cannot reliably extract the username.
preconnect_channel_check boolean

Before establishing the server-side connection, SPS can evaluate the connection and channel policies to determine if the connection might be permitted at all. The server-side connection is established only if the evaluated policies permit the client to access the server.

To enable this function, set the parameter to true.

protocol_features Top level item Settings for RDP protocol versions, and Network Layer Authentication.
screen Top level item Display size and depth settings.
timeout int Connection timeout, in seconds.
inactivity_timeout Top level element
enabled boolean
  • true: If no user activity is detected, it terminates the session after the configured time has passed since the last user activity.
  • false: No user inactivity timeout.
value int

Only if enabled is true

The value of user activity timeout. Must be greater than or equal to the value of timeout

 

userauth_banner

string

You can display a banner message to the clients before authentication.

Elements of protocol Type Description
nla Top level item Settings for Network Level Authentication.
enabled boolean

Set to true to enable Network Level Authentication.

If set to true, the require_domain_membership element is required in the JSON.

require_domain_membership boolean

Set to true to require domain membership.

Must be in the JSON if NLA is enabled.

rdp4_auth_enabled boolean Set to true to enable RDP4 authentication within the RDP5 protocol. This might be needed for compatibility reasons with certain client applications.
rdp4_enabled boolean Set to true to enable the version 4 of the Remote Desktop Protocol.
rdp5_enabled boolean

Set to true to enable the version 5 of the Remote Desktop Protocol.

To also configure SSL-encryption for RDP5, enable the nla element, or configure a Signing CA in your connection policies.

Elements of screen Type Description
maximum_bpp int The maximum allowed color depth of the remote desktop, in bits. The following values are valid: 8, 15, 16, 24.
maximum_height int The maximum allowed height of the remote desktop, in pixels.
maximum_width int The maximum allowed width of the remote desktop, in pixels.
Examples:

Turn off NLA.

{
  "autologon_domain_suffix": "-AUTO",
  "name": "API_test",
  "permit_unreliable_usernames": true,
  "preconnect_channel_check": true,
  "protocol_features": {
    "nla": {
      "enabled": false
    },
    "rdp4_auth_enabled": true,
    "rdp4_enabled": true,
    "rdp5_enabled": true
  },
  "screen": {
    "maximum_bpp": 24,
    "maximum_height": 2000,
    "maximum_width": 2000
  },
  "timeout": 600
}

Configure NLA.

{
  "autologon_domain_suffix": "-AUTO",
  "name": "API_test",
  "permit_unreliable_usernames": true,
  "preconnect_channel_check": true,
  "protocol_features": {
    "nla": {
      "enabled": true,
      "require_domain_membership": false
    },
    "rdp4_auth_enabled": true,
    "rdp4_enabled": true,
    "rdp5_enabled": true
  },
  "screen": {
    "maximum_bpp": 24,
    "maximum_height": 2000,
    "maximum_width": 2000
  },
  "timeout": 600
 }
Add RDP settings policies

To add a settings policy, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Create the JSON object for the new policy.

    POST the JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/ endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in the table of RDP settings policy parameters.

    If the POST request is successful, the response includes the key of the new policy. For example:

    {
      "key": "9c3a0419-53e6-43a4-902c-2b3b0ce7a7a7",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/9c3a0419-53e6-43a4-902c-2b3b0ce7a7a7",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies",
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
      }
    }
  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Modify RDP settings policies

To modify a settings policy, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Modify the JSON object of the policy.

    PUT the modified JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/<key-of-the-object> endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in the table of RDP settings policy parameters.

  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

Code Description Notes
201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
400

Bad Request

"message": "RDP Settings Policy 'API_test': SPS must be a domain member to allow enabling Network Level Authentication."

You have set require_domain_membership to true, but SPS is not the member of a domain.

401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
403 Unauthorized The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authorized to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.

SSH connections

Topics:

SSH connections

List of endpoints for configuring the policies, options and connection rules of SSH connections.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh
Cookies
Cookie name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists the available settings for configuring for SSH connections.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh
Response

The following is a sample response received when listing the configuration settings.

For details of the meta object, see Message format.

{
  "items": [
    {
      "key": "authentication_policies",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/authentication_policies"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "channel_policies",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/channel_policies"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "connections",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "options",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/options"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "settings_policies",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/settings_policies"
      }
    }
  ],
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/aaa",
    "href": "/api/configuration/ssh",
    "last": "/api/configuration/x509",
    "next": "/api/configuration/telnet",
    "parent": "/api/configuration",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/reporting",
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}
Item Description
authentication_policies List of the default and custom authentication policies.
channel_policies List of the default and custom channel policies.
connections List of connection policies.
options List of global SSH options that affect all connections.
settings_policies List of protocol-level settings (algorithms, greetings and banners, timeout). You can create multiple variations, and choose the appropriate one for each connection policy.
Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

Code Description Notes
401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
403 Unauthorized The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authorized to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.

SSH connection policies

Connection policies determine if a server can be accessed from a particular client. Connection policies reference other resources (policies, usergroups, keys) that must be configured and available before creating a connection policy.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh/connections/
Cookies
Cookie name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists SSH connection policies.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh/connections/

The following command retrieves the properties of a specific policy.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh/connections/<connection-key>
Response

The following is a sample response received when listing SSH connection policies.

For details of the meta object, see Message format.

{
  "items": [
    {
      "key": "8348340645707e2575e3c6",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections/8348340645707e2575e3c6"
      }
    }
  ],
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/ssh/authentication_policies",
    "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections",
    "last": "/api/configuration/ssh/settings_policies",
    "next": "/api/configuration/ssh/options",
    "parent": "/api/configuration/ssh",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/ssh/channel_policies",
    "remaining_seconds": 600,
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}

When retrieving the endpoint of a specific SSH connection policy, the response is the following.

{
  "body": {
    "access_control": [
      {
        "authorizer": "reporting",
        "permission": "audit_and_authorize",
        "require_different_ip": true,
        "require_different_username": true,
        "subject": {
          "selection": "everybody"
        }
      }
    ],
    "active": true,
    "channel_database_cleanup": {
      "days": 550,
      "enabled": true
    },
    "client_side_hostkey": {
      "plain_hostkey": {
        "dsa_key": null,
        "enabled": true,
        "rsa_key": {
          "key": "e5a58682-6189-4477-9415-67c1c9b20b0d",
          "meta": {
            "href": "/api/configuration/private_keys/e5a58682-6189-4477-9415-67c1c9b20b0d"
          }
        }
      },
      "x509_hostkey": {
        "enabled": false
      }
    },
    "indexing": {
      "enabled": true,
      "policy": {
        "key": "-50000",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/indexing/-50000"
        }
      },
      "priority": 2
    },
    "log_audit_trail_downloads": true,
    "name": "API_test_SSH",
    "network": {
      "clients": [
        "0.0.0.0/24"
      ],
      "ports": [
        22
      ],
      "targets": [
        "192.168.56.102/24"
      ]
    },
    "policies": {
      "aa_plugin": null,
      "analytics_policy": null,
      "archive_cleanup_policy": {
        "key": "1854671967571b9063c4c82",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/archive_cleanup_policies/1854671967571b9063c4c82"
        }
      },
      "audit_policy": {
        "key": "78101850949e47437dd91d",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/audit_policies/78101850949e47437dd91d"
        }
      },
      "authentication_policy": {
        "key": "1895203635707e3340262f",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/authentication_policies/1895203635707e3340262f"
        }
      },
      "backup_policy": {
        "key": "512524636571b903540804",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/backup_policies/512524636571b903540804"
        }
      },
      "channel_policy": {
        "key": "-10000",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/channel_policies/-10000"
        }
      },
      "credential_store": {
        "key": "505008562571b936560254",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/credentialstores/505008562571b936560254"
        }
      },
      "ldap_server": {
        "key": "250588254571b931066482",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/ldap_servers/250588254571b931066482"
        }
      },
      "settings": {
        "key": "-300",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/settings_policies/-300"
        }
      },
      "usermapping_policy": {
        "key": "9328731525704545f5e3de",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/usermapping_policies/9328731525704545f5e3de"
        }
      }
    },
    "rate_limit": {
      "enabled": true,
      "value": 200
    },
    "server_address": {
      "selection": "original"
    },
    "server_side_hostkey": {
      "plain_hostkey": {
        "enabled": true,
        "hostkey_check": "accept-first-time"
      },
      "x509_hostkey": {
        "enabled": false
      }
    },
    "source_address": {
      "custom_dns": {
        "enabled": false
      },
      "selection": "box_address"
    },
    "web_gateway_authentication": {
      "enabled": true,
      "groups": [
        "reporting"
      ],
      "require_same_ip": true
    }
  },
  "key": "8348340645707e2575e3c6",
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections/8348340645707e2575e3c6",
    "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections/8348340645707e2575e3c6",
    "last": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections/8348340645707e2575e3c6",
    "next": null,
    "parent": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections",
    "previous": null,
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}
Element Type Description
key string Top level element, contains the ID of the connection policy.
body Top level element (string) The elements of the connection policy.
access_control Top level list

Collection of access policies. Access policies define who can authorize and audit a connection.

active boolean Set to false to suspend the connection policy. Connection settings are preserved.
channel_database_cleanup Top level item Configures cleanup of the connection metadata on the connection policy's level.
days int

Retention time, in days. Must not exceed the retention time of the archive_cleanup_policy, and the retention time configured in the global settings of the protocol.

The global settings of the SSH protocol are available at the api/configuration/ssh/options endpoint.

enabled boolean Set to true to enable periodical cleanup of the connection metadata.
indexing Top level item Configures indexing for the connection policy.
enabled boolean Set to true to enable indexing the connections.
policy string

References the identifier of the indexing policy. You can configure indexing policies at the /api/configuration/policies/indexing/ endpoint.

To modify or add an indexing policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the policy element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

priority int

Specifies the indexing priority for the connection. Possible values are:

  • 5

    Very low priority.

  • 4

    Low priority.

  • 3

    Normal (default) priority.

  • 2

    High priority.

  • 1

    Very high priority.

  • 0

    Near real-time priority.

log_audit_trail_downloads boolean

Set to true to log audit trail downloads.

name string The name of the connection policy.
network
clients list, string List of client ("from") IP addresses.
ports list, integers List of target ports.
targets list, string List of target IP addresses.
override_log_level Top level item

Specifies the verbosity level of sessions handled by this connection policy. The log level of other connection policies is not affected. If disabled, the log level set at the /api/configuration/<protocol>/options endpoint is used.

  • To use the default log level, disable this option:

    "override_log_level": {
        "enabled": false
    },
  • To use a custom log level for the connection policy, enable this option and set the log level to use:

    "override_log_level": {
        "enabled": true,
        "log_level": 5
    },
policies Top level item List of policies referenced by the connection policy.
aa_plugin string

References the identifier of the AA plug-in. You can configure AA plug-ins at the /api/configuration/plugins/aa/ endpoint.

To modify or add an AA plug-in, use the value of the returned key as the value of the aa_plugin element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

analytics_policy string

References the identifier of the analytics policy. You can configure analytics policies at the /api/configuration/analytics/ endpoint.

To add or modify an analytics policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the analytics element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

archive_cleanup_policy string

References the identifier of the archive/cleanup policy. You can configure archive and cleanup policies at the /api/configuration/policies/archive_cleanup_policies/ endpoint.

To modify or add an archive/cleanup policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the archive_cleanup_policy element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

audit_policy string

Cannot be null.

References the identifier of the audit policy. You can configure audit policies at the /api/configuration/policies/audit_policies/ endpoint.

To modify or add an audit policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the audit_policy element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

authentication_policy string

Cannot be null.

References the identifier of the authentication policy. You can configure authentication policies at the /api/configuration/ssh/authentication_policies/ endpoint.

To modify or add an authentication policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the authentication_policy element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

backup_policy string

References the identifier of the backup policy. You can configure backup policies at the /api/configuration/policies/backup_policies/ endpoint.

To modify or add a backup policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the backup_policy element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

channel_policy string

References the identifier of the channel policy. The value of this option cannot be null.

To modify or add a channel policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the channel_policy element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

You can configure SSH channel policies at the /api/configuration/ssh/channel_policies/ endpoint.

credential_store string

References the identifier of the credential store.

You can configure credential stores at the /api/configuration/policies/credentialstores/ endpoint.

To modify or add a credential store, use the value of the returned key as the value of the credential_store element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

ldap_server string

References the identifier of the LDAP server. You can configure LDAP servers at the /api/configuration/policies/ldap_servers/ endpoint.

To modify or add an LDAP server, use the value of the returned key as the value of the ldap_server element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

settings string

References the identifier of the settings policy. The value of this option cannot be null.

To modify or add a settings policy for this protocol, use the value of the returned key as the value of the settings element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

You can configure SSH settings policies at the /api/configuration/ssh/settings_policies/ endpoint.

usermapping_policy string

References the identifier of a Usermapping Policy. You can configure Usermapping Policies at the /api/configuration/policies/usermapping_policies/ endpoint.

To modify or add a Usermapping Policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the usermapping_policies element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

rate_limit Top level element Connection rate limit.
enabled boolean Set to true to provide a connection rate limit.
value int The number of connections (per minute) that are allowed in the connection policy.
server_address Top level item Defines the address where the clients connect to.
server_side_hostkey Top level element

Settings for verifying the server's identity using plain host keys and X.509 host certificates.

At least one of the options (plain_hostkey or X509_hostkey) must be enabled.

source_address Top level element Allows you to configure Source Network Address Translation (SNAT) on the server side of SPS. SNAT determines the IP address SPS uses in the server-side connection. The target server will see the connection coming from this address.
selection string

Configures Source Network Address Translation. Possible values are:

  • box_address

    Default. Uses the network address of the logical interface of SPS.

  • original

    Uses the IP address of the client, as seen by SPS.

  • fix

    Uses a fixed address when connecting to the remote server.

    Must be used with the address element.

address string

Must be used if the value of the selection element is set to fix.

The IP address to use as the source address in server-side connections.

web_gateway_authentication Top level item When gateway authentication is required for a connection, the user must authenticate on SPS as well. This additional authentication can be performed out-of-band on the SPS web interface for every protocol.
enabled boolean Set to true to enable additional gateway authentication on the SPS web interface.
groups list, string

By default, any user can perform gateway authentication for the connections. You can restrict authentication to members of specific usergroups. Define the usergroups at the /api/configuration/aaa/local_database/groups/ endpoint, and list the name of each group here.

require_same_ip boolean Set to true to only accept web gateway authentication from the same host that initiated the connection.
Elements of access_control Type Description
authorizer string

The usergroup (local or LDAP) who can authorize or audit the connection.

Local usergroups can be added or modified at the /api/configuration/aaa/local_database/groups/ endpoint.

permission string

Defines the permissions of the authorizer usergroup. Possible values are:

  • audit

    The usergroup with the audit permission can monitor ongoing connections, and download the audit trails of a closed and indexed connection.

  • authorize

    The usergroup with the authorize permission can authorize connection requests.

  • audit_and_authorize

    The usergroup with the audit_and_authorize permission can authorize connection requests, monitor connections, and download the audit trail of closed and indexed connections.

require_different_ip boolean Set to true to require the authorizing user and its subject to have different IP addresses.
require_different_username boolean Set to true to require the authorizing user and its subject to have different usernames.
subject Top level item Defines the subjects of the access control policy.
group string

The usergroup (local or LDAP) that is subject to the access control policy.

Local usergroups can be added or modified at the /api/configuration/aaa/local_database/groups/ endpoint.

selection string

Possible values:

  • everybody

    Every user is subject to the access control policy.

  • only

    Requires the group element.

    Members of the usergroup specified in the group element are subject to the access control policy.

Elements of client_side_hostkey Type Description
plain_hostkey Top level item

Configures the RSA key SPS shows to the clients.

rsa_key string

References the identifier of the RSA key. You can add RSA keys at the /api/configuration/private_keys/ endpoint.

To modify or add an RSA key, use the value of the returned key as the value of the rsa_key element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

x509_hostkey Top level item Configures the X.509 keys SPS shows to the clients.
enabled boolean

Set to true to allow presenting X.509 host keys to clients.

You must enable either plain_hostkey or x509_hostkey (or both).

x509 Top level item Parameters for X.509 hostkeys.
selection string

Possible values:

  • fix

    Presents the same certificate for every connection.

    Must be used with the x509_identity element.

  • generate

    Generates a X.509 certificate for the connection policy.

    Must be used with the signing_CA element.

signing_ca string

Must be used when generating the X.509 certificate.

References the signing Certificate Authority (CA). You can configure signing CAs at the /api/configuration/policies/signing_cas/ endpoint.

To modify or add a signing CA, use the value of the returned key as the value of the rsa_key element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

x509_identity string

Must be used when using the same X.509 host certificate across connection policies.

References the identifier of the X.509 certificate stored on SPS. You can configure certificates at the /api/configuration/x509/ endpoint.

To modify or add an X.509 host certificate, use the value of the returned key as the value of the x509_identity element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

Elements of server_address Type Description
custom_dns string

Configures a DNS server that is used to reverse-resolve the hostname if the Channel Policy contains the address of the target as a hostname instead of an IP address. By default, this is disabled and SPS uses the DNS server set in the /api/configuration/network/dns endpoint.

  • To use the default DNS, disable this option:

    "server_address": {
        "custom_dns": {
            "enabled": false
        },
        ...
    },
  • To use a custom DNS, enable this option and set the IP address of the domain name server to use:

    "server_address": {
        "custom_dns": {
            "enabled": true,
            "server": "192.168.1.1"
        },
        ...
    },
selection string

Configures the address where the clients connect to. Possible values are:

  • original

    Connect to the same address specified by the client.

  • nat

    Perform a network address translation on the target address.

    Must be used with the network element.

  • fix

    Must be used with the address and port elements.

  • inband

    Extract the address of the server from the username.

    Must be used with the domains element.

    Optional elements: exception_domains, dns_server, and dns_suffixes.

network string

Must be used if selection is set to nat.

The target address in IP/prefix format. Example: "10.20.30.40/24".

address string

Must be used if selection is set to fix.

The IP address of the target server.

port int

Must be used if selection is set to fix.

The port of the target server.

domains Top level list

Must be used if selection is set to inband.

domain Top level item Lists the address ranges that are included in the connection policy.
selection string

Specifies if the target address range is provided as a domain or as an IP range. Possible values are:

  • address

    The value of the target address is an IP range.

  • domain

    The value of the target address is a domain.

value string

The address range of the target server(s).

Use the selection element to specify if the address is an IP range, or a domain.

port int The port of the targer server(s).
exception_domains Top level list

Can only be used if selection is set to inband.

Lists the address ranges that are excluded from the connection policy.

domain Top level item Contains the excluded address range.
selection string

Specifies if the excluded address(es) are provided as a domain or as an IP range. Possible values are:

  • address

    The value of the excluded address is an IP range.

  • domain

    The value of the excluded address is a domain.

value string

The excluded address(es).

Use the selection element to specify if the address is an IP range, or a domain.

port int The excluded port.
dns_server string

Can only be used if selection is set to inband.

IP address or the hostname of the domain name server used to resolve the address of the target server.

dns_suffixes list, string

Can only be used if selection is set to inband.

If the clients do not include the domain name when addressing the server (for example they use username@server instead of username@server.example.com), SPS can automatically add domain information (for example example.com).

You can add multiple domain names. SPS attempts to resolve the target address by appending the domain names in the provided order, and uses the first successfully resolved address to establish the connection.

Elements of server_side_hostkey Type Description
plain_hostkey Top level element Verifies the identity of the servers based on their hostkeys.
enabled boolean

Set to true to enable plain host key checking.

If enabled, the hostkey_check element is mandatory.

hostkey_check string

Defines the method for checking the host keys of the target server. Possible values are:

  • disabled

    Disables host key verification.

  • accept-first-time

    Records the key shown for the first connection, and accepts only the same key for any subsequent connections.

  • accept-known-keys

    Only accepts host keys that are already stored on SPS.

    You can manage host keys at the /api/ssh-host-keys endpoint.

x509_hostkey Top level element Verifies the identity of the servers based on their X.509 certificates.
enabled string

Set to true to enable X.509 host key verification.

If enabled, the x509_check element is mandatory.

x509_check Top level item Contains the configuration settings for verifying X.509 certificates.
selection string

Configures the validation of X.509 certificates. Possible values are:

  • disabled

    Disables X.509 certificate verification.

  • accept-first-time

    Records the X.509 certificate shown for the first connection, and accepts only the same certificate for any subsequent connections.

  • accept-known-certificates

    Only accepts X.509 certificates that are already stored on SPS.

    You can add X.509 certificates at the /api/ssh-host-keys endpoint.

  • accept-signed-by

    Accepts all X.509 certificates that are signed by a trusted Certificate Authority.

    Must be used with the trusted_ca element.

trusted_ca string

Must be used if the selection element is set to accept-signed-by.

References the identifier of the trusted CA. You can add or modify the list of trusted CAs at the /api/configuration/policies/trusted_ca_lists/ endpoint.

To modify or add a trusted CA, use the value of the returned key as the value of the trusted_ca element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

Examples

For practical purposes, the following examples show only the relevant parts of a connection policy JSON object. To modify or add a connection policy, always submit the full JSON object.

Access control list: configuring the "security" usergroup to only audit connections made by the "root_only" usergroup.

"access_control": [
      {
    "authorizer": "security",
    "permission": "audit",
    "require_different_ip": true,
    "require_different_username": true,
    "subject": {
      "group": "root_only",
      "selection": "only"
    }
  }

Target server: use the address specified by the client.

"server_address": {
  "selection": "original"
}

Target server: use a fix address.

"server_address": {
  "address": "<fix-IP>",
  "port": 22,
  "selection": "fix"
}

Target server: configure inband destination selection, where the client can specify the target address in the username. The target can be either an IP range, or a domain.

"server_address": {
  "dns_server": "<ip-of-dns-server>",
  "dns_suffixes": null,
  "domains": [
    {
      "domain": {
        "selection": "address",
        "value": "<IP-range>"
      },
      "port": 22
    },
    {
      "domain": {
        "selection": "domain",
        "value": "*.example"
      },
      "port": 22
    }
  ],
  "selection": "inband"
}

Source address: use the same fix IP when connecting to the remote server.

"source_address": {
  "address": "<ip-address>",
  "selection": "fix"
}

Web gateway authentication: require the admin usergroup to perform an additional gateway authentication on the SPS web interface. They must authenticate from the same host which initiated the connection.

"web_gateway_authentication": {
  "enabled": true,
  "groups": [
    "admin"
  ],
  "require_same_ip": true
}

Client-side hostkey: use plain host keys uploaded to SPS, and generate X.509 certificates for the connection.

"client_side_hostkey": {
  "plain_hostkey": {
    "dsa_key": "<id-of-dsa-key>",
    "enabled": true,
    "rsa_key": "<id-of-rsa-key>"
  },
  "x509_hostkey": {
    "enabled": true,
    "x509": {
      "selection": "generate",
      "signing_ca": "<key-of-signing-ca>"
    }
  }
}

Policies: configure only the required policies.

"policies": {
  "aa_plugin": null,
  "analytics_policy": null,
  "archive_cleanup_policy": null,
  "audit_policy": "<key-of-audit-policy>",
  "authentication_policy": "<key-of-auth-policy>",
  "backup_policy": null,
  "channel_policy": "<key-of-channel-policy>",
  "credential_store": null,
  "ldap_server": null,
  "settings": "<key-of-settings-policy>",
  "usermapping_policy": null
}

Server-side hostkey: accept the host key or X.509 certificate presented at the first connection, and require the same host key or certificate for any subsequent connections.

"server_side_hostkey": {
  "plain_hostkey": {
    "enabled": true,
    "hostkey_check": "accept-first-time"
  },
  "x509_hostkey": {
    "enabled": true,
    "x509_check": {
      "selection": "accept-first-time"
    }
  }
}

Server-side hostkey: only accept X.509 certificates that are verified by a trusted CA.

"server_side_hostkey": {
  "plain_hostkey": {
    "enabled": false
  },
  "x509_hostkey": {
    "enabled": true,
    "x509_check": {
      "selection": "accept-signed-by",
      "trusted_ca": "<id-of-trusted-ca>"
    }
  }
}
Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

Code Description Notes
201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
400 InvalidQuery The requested filter or its value is invalid.
401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
403 Unauthorized The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authorized to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.
Add an SSH connection policy

To add an SSH connection policy, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Create the JSON object for the new SSH connection policy.

    POST the JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh/connections/ endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Element .

    If the POST request is successful, the response includes the key of the new SSH connection policy. For example:

    {
      "key": "a99be49b-b0a2-4cf9-b70d-fea1f9ea188f",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections/a99be49b-b0a2-4cf9-b70d-fea1f9ea188f",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections",
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
      }
    }
  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Modify an SSH connection policy

To modify an SSH connection policy, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Modify the JSON object of the SSH connection policy.

    PUT the modified JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh/connections/<key-of-the-object> endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Element .

  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Related Documents

The document was helpful.

Select Rating

I easily found the information I needed.

Select Rating