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syslog-ng Premium Edition 7.0.12 - Administration Guide

Preface Introduction to syslog-ng The concepts of syslog-ng Installing syslog-ng The syslog-ng PE quick-start guide The syslog-ng PE configuration file Collecting log messages — sources and source drivers
How sources work default-network-drivers: Receive and parse common syslog messages internal: Collecting internal messages file: Collecting messages from text files wildcard-file: Collecting messages from multiple text files network: Collecting messages using the RFC3164 protocol (network() driver) osquery: Collect and parse osquery result logs pipe: Collecting messages from named pipes program: Receiving messages from external applications python: writing server-style Python sources python-fetcher: writing fetcher-style Python sources snmptrap: Read Net-SNMP traps sun-streams: Collecting messages on Sun Solaris syslog: Collecting messages using the IETF syslog protocol (syslog() driver) system: Collecting the system-specific log messages of a platform systemd-journal: Collecting messages from the systemd-journal system log storage systemd-syslog: Collecting systemd messages using a socket tcp, tcp6, udp, udp6: Collecting messages from remote hosts using the BSD syslog protocol unix-stream, unix-dgram: Collecting messages from UNIX domain sockets windowsevent: Collecting Windows event logs
Sending and storing log messages — destinations and destination drivers
elasticsearch: Sending messages directly to Elasticsearch version 1.x elasticsearch2: Sending messages directly to Elasticsearch version 2.0 or higher file: Storing messages in plain-text files hdfs: Storing messages on the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) http: Posting messages over HTTP kafka: Publishing messages to Apache Kafka logstore: Storing messages in encrypted files mongodb: Storing messages in a MongoDB database network: Sending messages to a remote log server using the RFC3164 protocol (network() driver) pipe: Sending messages to named pipes program: Sending messages to external applications python: writing custom Python destinations smtp: Generating SMTP messages (e-mail) from logs splunk-hec: Sending messages to Splunk HTTP Event Collector sql: Storing messages in an SQL database syslog: Sending messages to a remote logserver using the IETF-syslog protocol syslog-ng: Forwarding messages and tags to another syslog-ng node tcp, tcp6, udp, udp6: Sending messages to a remote log server using the legacy BSD-syslog protocol (tcp(), udp() drivers) unix-stream, unix-dgram: Sending messages to UNIX domain sockets usertty: Sending messages to a user terminal — usertty() destination Client-side failover
Routing messages: log paths, flags, and filters Global options of syslog-ng PE TLS-encrypted message transfer Advanced Log Transfer Protocol Reliability and minimizing the loss of log messages Manipulating messages parser: Parse and segment structured messages Processing message content with a pattern database Correlating log messages Enriching log messages with external data Monitoring statistics and metrics of syslog-ng Multithreading and scaling in syslog-ng PE Troubleshooting syslog-ng Best practices and examples The syslog-ng manual pages About us

systemd-journal() source options

The systemd-journal() driver has the following options:

default-facility()
Type: facility string
Default: local0

Description: The default facility value if the SYSLOG_FACILITY entry does not exist.

default-level()
Type: string
Default: notice

Description: The default level value if the PRIORITY entry does not exist.

host-override()
Type: string
Default:

Description: Replaces the ${HOST} part of the message with the parameter string.

keep-hostname()
Type: yes or no
Default: no

Description: Enable or disable hostname rewriting.

  • If enabled (keep-hostname(yes)), syslog-ng PE will retain the hostname information read from the systemd journal messages.

  • If disabled (keep-hostname(no)), syslog-ng PE will use the hostname that has been set up for the operating system instance that syslog-ng is running on. To query or set this value, use the hostnamectl command.

This option can be specified globally, and per-source as well. The local setting of the source overrides the global option if available.

log-fetch-limit()
Type: number
Default: 10

Description: The maximum number of messages fetched from a source during a single poll loop. The destination queues might fill up before flow-control could stop reading if log-fetch-limit() is too high.

max-field-size()
Type: number (characters)
Default: 65536

Description: The maximum length of a field's value.

prefix()
Type: string
Default: .journald.

Description: If this option is set, every non-built-in mapped names get a prefix (for example: ".SDATA.journald."). By default, syslog-ng PE adds the .journald. prefix to every value.

read-old-records()
Type: yes|no
Default: yes

Description: If set to yes, syslog-ng PE will start reading the records from the beginning of the journal, if the journal has not been read yet. If set to no, syslog-ng PE will read only the new records. If the source has a state in the persist file, this option will have no effect.

time-zone()
Type: name of the timezone, or the timezone offset
Default:

Description: The default timezone for messages read from the source. Applies only if no timezone is specified within the message itself.

The timezone can be specified as using the name of the (for example time-zone("Europe/Budapest")), or as the timezone offset in +/-HH:MM format (for example +01:00). On Linux and UNIX platforms, the valid timezone names are listed under the /usr/share/zoneinfo directory.

use-fqdn()
Type: yes or no
Default: no

Description: Add Fully Qualified Domain Name instead of short hostname. This option can be specified globally, and per-source as well. The local setting of the source overrides the global option if available.

NOTE:

This option has no effect if the keep-hostname() option is enabled (keep-hostname(yes)) and the message contains a hostname.

systemd-syslog: Collecting systemd messages using a socket

On platforms running systemd, the systemd-syslog() driver reads the log messages of systemd using the /run/systemd/journal/syslog socket. Note the following points about this driver:

  • If possible, use the more reliable systemd-journal() driver instead.

  • The socket activation of systemd is buggy, causing some log messages to get lost during system startup.

  • If syslog-ng PE is running in a jail or a Linux Container (LXC), it will not read from the /dev/kmsg or /proc/kmsg files.

Declaration:
systemd-syslog();
Example: Using the systemd-syslog() driver
@version: 7.0

source s_systemdd {
    systemd-syslog();
};

destination d_network {
    syslog("server.host");
};

log {
    source(s_systemdd);
    destination(d_network);
};

tcp, tcp6, udp, udp6: Collecting messages from remote hosts using the BSD syslog protocol

NOTE:

The tcp(), tcp6(), udp(), and udp6() drivers are obsolete. Use the network() source and the network() destination instead. For details, see network: Collecting messages using the RFC3164 protocol (network() driver) and network: Sending messages to a remote log server using the RFC3164 protocol (network() driver), respectively.

The tcp(), tcp6(), udp(), udp6() drivers can receive syslog messages conforming to RFC3164 from the network using the TCP and UDP networking protocols. The tcp6() and udp6() drivers use the IPv6 network protocol, while tcp() and udp() use IPv4.

To convert your existing tcp(), tcp6(), udp(), udp6() source drivers to use the network() driver, see Change an old source driver to the network() driver.

tcp(), tcp6(), udp() and udp6() source options — OBSOLETE

NOTE:

The tcp(), tcp6(), udp(), and udp6() drivers are obsolete. Use the network() source and the network() destination instead. For details, see network: Collecting messages using the RFC3164 protocol (network() driver) and network: Sending messages to a remote log server using the RFC3164 protocol (network() driver), respectively.

To convert your existing tcp(), tcp6(), udp(), udp6() source drivers to use the network() driver, see Change an old source driver to the network() driver.

Change an old source driver to the network() driver

To replace your existing tcp(), tcp6(), udp(), udp6() sources with a network() source, complete the following steps.

  1. Replace the driver with network. For example, replace udp( with network(

  2. Set the transport protocol.

    • If you used TLS-encryption, add the transport("tls") option, then continue with the next step.

    • If you used the tcp or tcp6 driver, add the transport("tcp") option.

    • If you used the udp or udp driver, add the transport("udp") option.

  3. If you use IPv6 (that is, the udp6 or tcp6 driver), add the ip-protocol(6) option.

  4. If you did not specify the port used in the old driver, check network() source options and verify that your clients send the messages to the default port of the transport protocol you use. Otherwise, set the appropriate port number in your source using the port() option.

  5. All other options are identical. Test your configuration with the syslog-ng --syntax-only command.

    The following configuration shows a simple tcp source.

    source s_old_tcp {
        tcp(
            ip(127.0.0.1) port(1999)
            tls(
                peer-verify("required-trusted")
                key-file("/opt/syslog-ng/etc/syslog-ng/syslog-ng.key")
                cert-file('/opt/syslog-ng/etc/syslog-ng/syslog-ng.crt')
            )
        );
    };

    When replaced with the network() driver, it looks like this.

    source s_new_network_tcp {
        network(
            transport("tls")
            ip(127.0.0.1) port(1999)
            tls(
                peer-verify("required-trusted")
                key-file("/opt/syslog-ng/etc/syslog-ng/syslog-ng.key")
                cert-file('/opt/syslog-ng/etc/syslog-ng/syslog-ng.crt')
            )
        );
    };
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