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One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Passwords 2.11 - Administration Guide

Introduction System requirements Using the virtual appliance and web management console Using the cloud Setting up Safeguard for Privileged Passwords for the first time Search box Using the web client Installing the desktop client Using the desktop client Privileged access requests Toolbox Accounts Account Groups Assets Asset Groups Discovery Entitlements Partitions Settings
Access Request settings Appliance settings Asset Management settings Backup and Retention settings Certificate settings Cluster settings External Integration settings Messaging settings Profile settings Safeguard Access settings Sessions settings
Users User Groups Disaster recovery and clusters Administrator permissions Preparing systems for management Troubleshooting Frequently asked questions Appendix A: Safeguard ports Appendix B: SPP 2.7 or later migration guidance Appendix C: SPP and SPS join guidance Appendix D: Regular Expressions Appendix E: Historical changes by release Glossary

About priority precedence

An entitlement defines which users are authorized to checkout passwords for accounts in the scope of its policies. A policy defines scope (that is, which accounts) and the rules for checking out passwords, such as the duration, how many approvals are required, and so on.

It is possible for an account to be governed by more than one entitlement, or is in the scope of more than one policy within an entitlement. Safeguard for Privileged Passwords uses both entitlement and policy priorities to determine which policy to use for a password release. Safeguard for Privileged Passwords first considers the entitlement priority, then the priorities of access request policies within that entitlement.

Example scenario:
  • Entitlement A (priority 1)
    • Policy: Week Day Policy.
      • Policy time restrictions: Monday through Friday 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
      • Scope: AccountX
  • Entitlement B (priority 2)
    • Policy 1: Sunday AM (priority 1)
      • Policy time restrictions: Sunday 8:00 to 12:00.
      • Scope: AccountX
    • Policy 2: Sunday PM (priority 2)
      • Policy time restrictions: Sunday 13:00 to 17:00.
      • Scope: AccountX

Notice that AccountX is in the scope of all three of these policies.

If a user requests the password for AccountX for Sunday at 4 p.m., Safeguard for Privileged Passwords first considers Entitlement A because it is priority 1. When it determines that the policy time restrictions prevent the password release, it then considers Entitlement B.

Safeguard for Privileged Passwords first considers Entitlement B's priority 1 policy. When it determines that the time restrictions prevent the password release, it then considers Policy 2. Once the request is satisfied, Safeguard for Privileged Passwords grants the request.

To change an entitlement's priority

  1. Select the priority number in the entitlement list.
  2. Enter another number.

To modify a policy's priority

  1. In Entitlements, select an entitlement and switch to the Access Request Policies tab.
  2. Double-click a policy, or select a policy and click  Edit Access Policy.
  3. Enter or select a new priority number.
  4. Click the Refresh button.

Time Restrictions tab

Time restrictions control when the entitlement is in effect relative to the user's time zone. For more information, see About time restrictions.

On the Time Restrictions tab, specify the time restriction properties for the entitlement.

Navigate to Administrative Tools | Entitlements| (add or edit entitlement).

Table 85: Entitlement: Time Restrictions tab properties
Property Description
Use Time Restrictions

Select this option to enforce time restrictions.

Daily calendar

Select and drag the hours you want to allow.

Have the Entitlement Expire on Date and Time

Select this option to enforce an expiration date, then enter the date and time.

When an entitlement expires, all the access request policies associated with the entitlement also expire. To set an expiration date on a policy, see Creating an access request policy.

About time restrictions

An entitlement's time restrictions enforce when Safeguard for Privileged Passwords uses a policy; a policy's time restrictions enforce when a user can access the account passwords. If the entitlement and the policy both have time restrictions, the user can only check out the password for the overlapping time frame.

Time restrictions control when the entitlement or policy is in effect relative to a user's time zone. Although Safeguard for Privileged Passwords Appliances run on Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), the user's time zone enforces the time restrictions set in the entitlement or policy. This means that if the appliance and the user are in different time zones, Safeguard for Privileged Passwords enforces the policy in the user's time zone set in his account profile.

Creating an access request policy

It is the responsibility of the Security Policy Administrator to define access request policies in Safeguard for Privileged Passwords.

A policy defines:

  • The scope, which may be assets, asset groups, accounts, or account groups.
  • The access type, which may be password, SSH, RDP (remote desktop), or telnet.
  • The rules for checking out passwords, such as the duration, how many approvals are required, and so on.
Considerations
  • An access request policy is only assigned to one cluster.
  • An access request policy is only used in the entitlement in which it is created. If you delete an entitlement, all access request policies associated with that entitlement are deleted. You cannot copy an access request policy and add it to another entitlement; access request policies are entitlement-specific.

To add an access request policy to an entitlement

  1. Navigate to Administrative Tools | Entitlements.
  2. In Entitlements, select an entitlement from the object list and open the Access Request Policies tab.
  3. Click Create Access Policy from the details toolbar.
  4. In the Access Request Policy dialog, provide information in each of the tabs:

    General tab

    Where you add general information about the access request policy as well as specify the type of access being requested

    Scope tab

    Where you assign assets, asset groups, accounts, or account groups to an access request policy

    Requester tab

    Where you configure the access request policy requester settings

    Approver tab

    Where you configure the access request policy approver settings

    Reviewer tab

    Where you configure the access request policy reviewer settings

    Access Config tab

    Where you define the access settings for the selected type of request including allowing users to request passwords from their respective linked accounts

    Session Settings tab

    Where you configure the recording settings for session access requests

    Time Restrictions tab

    Where you indicate policy time restrictions

    Emergency tab

    Where you enable emergency access for the accounts governed by the access request policy

Related Topics

Deleting an access request policy

Modifying an access request policy

Copying an access request policy

Viewing and editing policy details

Reasons

Documents connexes