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Active Roles 7.2 - Administration Guide

Introduction About Active Roles Getting Started Rule-based Administrative Views Role-based Administration
Access Templates as administrative roles Access Template management tasks Examples of use Deployment considerations Windows claims-based Access Rules
Rule-based AutoProvisioning and Deprovisioning
About Policy Objects Policy Object management tasks Policy configuration tasks
Property Generation and Validation User Logon Name Generation Group Membership AutoProvisioning E-mail Alias Generation Exchange Mailbox AutoProvisioning Home Folder AutoProvisioning Script Execution User Account Deprovisioning Group Membership Removal Exchange Mailbox Deprovisioning Home Folder Deprovisioning User Account Relocation User Account Permanent Deletion Group Object Deprovisioning Group Object Relocation Group Object Permanent Deletion Notification Distribution Report Distribution
Deployment considerations Checking for policy compliance Deprovisioning users or groups Restoring deprovisioned users or groups Container Deletion Prevention policy Picture management rules Policy extensions
Understanding workflow Workflow activities overview Configuring a workflow
Creating a workflow definition Configuring workflow start conditions Configuring workflow parameters Adding activities to a workflow Configuring an Approval activity Configuring a Notification activity Configuring a Script activity Configuring an If-Else activity Configuring a Stop/Break activity Configuring an Add Report Section activity Configuring a Search activity Configuring CRUD activities Configuring a Save Object Properties activity Configuring a Modify Requested Changes activity Enabling or disabling an activity Enabling or disabling a workflow Using the initialization script
Example: Approval workflow E-mail based approval Automation workflow Activity extensions
Temporal Group Memberships Group Family Dynamic Groups Active Roles Reporting Management History
Understanding Management History Management History configuration Viewing change history
Workflow activity report sections Policy report items Active Roles internal policy report items
Examining user activity
Entitlement Profile Recycle Bin AD LDS Data Management Managing Configuration of Active Roles
Connecting to the Administration Service Adding and removing managed domains Using unmanaged domains Evaluating product usage Configuring replication Using AlwaysOn Availability Groups Using database mirroring Creating and using virtual attributes Examining client sessions Monitoring performance Customizing the console Using Configuration Center Changing the Active Roles Admin account Enabling or disabling diagnostic logs Active Roles Log Viewer
Using regular expressions Administrative Template Communication ports

Policy Objects to enforce corporate rules

About Active Roles > Technical overview > Security and administration elements > Policy Objects to enforce corporate rules

A Policy Object is a collection of administrative policy definitions that specify corporate rules to be enforced. Access Templates define who can make changes to a piece of data, and Policy Objects control what changes can be made to the data. Active Roles enforces corporate rules by linking Policy Objects to:

  • Administrative views (Managed Units)
  • Active Directory containers
  • Individual (leaf) directory objects

Policy Objects define the behavior of the system when directory objects are created, modified, moved, or deleted. Policies are enforced regardless of a Trustee’s permissions.

A Policy Object includes stored policy procedures and specifications of events that activate each procedure. Based on policy requirements, a policy procedure could:

  • Validate specific property values
  • Allow or deny entire operations
  • Trigger additional actions

A Policy Object associates specific events with its policy procedures, which can be built-in procedures or custom scripts. This provides an easy way to implement sophisticated validation criteria, synchronize different data sources, and combine a number of administrative tasks into a single batch.

Managed Units to provide administrative views

About Active Roles > Technical overview > Security and administration elements > Managed Units to provide administrative views

A Managed Unit is a collection of objects collectively managed with Active Roles, created for the distribution of administrative responsibilities, enforcement of business rules and corporate standards, and management of complex network environments. Using Managed Units, the management framework can be separated from the Active Directory design. Directory objects can easily be grouped into administrative views, regardless of their location in Active Directory.

For example, the Active Directory design might be based on geographic location, with domains named after cities or regions and organizational units named after corporate departments or groups. However, Managed Units could be designed to manage specific departments or groups that are divided across multiple geographic locations.

Figure 2: Managed Units


In this example, each AD domain has a Human Resources (HR) OU and a Sales OU. The Active Roles design has an HR MU and a Sales MU. The HR MU enables administrators to configure the policies and security restrictions needed for all HR users regardless of their location, while the Sales MU enables the same for all Sales users.

Managed Units are defined with the use of membership rules—criteria used by Active Roles to evaluate whether or not an object belongs to a given Managed Unit. This enables Managed Units to dynamically change as the network environment changes. For example, you can define a Managed Unit by specifying rules that include all objects whose properties match specific conditions. The specified rules will force the new or modified objects to be members of the correct Managed Unit.

Managed Units extend the functionality of organizational units (OUs), providing convenient scope to delegate administration and enforce corporate rules. A Managed Unit has the following characteristics:

  • Represents a collection of objects (one object can belong to more than one Managed Unit)
  • Supports rule-based specifications for its members (a Managed Unit only holds objects that satisfy the membership rules specified for the Managed Unit)
  • Can hold directory objects that reside in different organizational units, domains, forests, and other Managed Units

Active Roles ensures that permission and policy settings specified for a Managed Unit are inherited by all objects that belong to that Managed Unit. When a directory container belongs to a Managed Unit, all child objects in that container inherit the permission and policy settings defined at the Managed Unit level. This inheritance continues down the directory tree within all container objects that are members of the Managed Unit.

Active Directory security management

About Active Roles > Technical overview > Active Directory security management

The Active Roles MMC Interface makes it easy to examine and manage permission entries in Active Directory, by showing the access available to each user, along with the scope of their access. A centralized view of all permission entries for any given object helps with the analysis and administration of permissions in Active Directory. For each permission entry, the view displays a number of entry properties, including the permission description, origin, and security principal. From the main window, additional properties can be displayed and the native security editor can be accessed.

The centralized display of native security allows the administrator to quickly view permissions assigned to objects in Active Directory, and to determine whether the permission is inherited. The list of permission entries can be sorted by security principal name to determine who has access to the selected object. If a permission entry is inherited, Active Roles identifies the object from which the permission originates, so that the administrator can easily find and edit the permission entry for that object.

The Active Roles MMC Interface provides the capability to view the permissions for an object by simply clicking the object to display the permission entries in a centralized view. This makes it easier for the administrator to verify the permissions on security-sensitive objects, and to identify possible security problems.

Management of native security

Active Roles Access Templates can be used to specify permissions in Active Directory. Designed to support the role-based grouping of permissions, Access Templates provide an efficient mechanism for setting and maintaining access control, simplifying and enhancing the management of permissions in Active Directory.

To provide this capability, Active Roles gives the administrator the option to keep Active Directory native security updated with selected permissions specified using Access Templates. This option, referred to as Permissions Propagation, is intended to provision users and applications with native permissions to Active Directory. The normal operation of Active Roles does not rely on this option.

For Active Roles permission entries with the Permissions Propagation option set, Active Roles generates Active Directory native permission entries in accordance with the Active Roles permissions. Once set, the option ensures that every time Active Roles permission assignments or templates change, the associated native permission entries change accordingly.

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