Active Roles 7.3.1 - Synchronization Service Administrator Guide

Synchronization Service Overview Deploying Synchronization Service Getting started Connections to external data systems
External data systems supported out of the box
Working with Active Directory Working with an AD LDS (ADAM) instance Working with Skype for Business Server Working with Exchange Server Working with Active Roles Working with One Identity Manager Working with a delimited text file Working with Microsoft SQL Server Sample queries to modify SQL Server data Working with an OLE DB-compliant relational database Working with SharePoint Working with Microsoft Office 365 Working with Microsoft Azure Active Directory
Using connectors installed remotely Creating a connection Renaming a connection Deleting a connection Modifying synchronization scope for a connection Using connection handlers Specifying password synchronization settings for a connection
Synchronizing identity data Mapping objects Automated password synchronization Synchronization history Scenarios of use Appendix A: Developing PowerShell scripts for attribute synchronization rules Appendix B: Using a PowerShell script to transform passwords

External data systems supported out of the box

External data systems supported out of the box

This section provides information on working with external data systems supported by Synchronization Service out of the box.

This section covers:

Working with Active Directory

Working with Active Directory

This section describes how to create or modify a connection to Active Directory so that Synchronization Service could work with data in that data system.

To create a connection to Active Directory domain, you need to use Synchronization Service in conjunction with a special connector called Active Directory Connector. This connector is included in the Synchronization Service package.

The Active Directory Connector supports the following features:

 

Table 7:  Supported features

Feature

Supported

Bidirectional synchronization

Allows you to read and write data in the connected data system.

Yes

Delta processing mode

Allows you to process only the data that has changed in the connected data system since the last synchronization operation, thereby reducing the overall synchronization operation time.

Yes

Password synchronization

Allows you to synchronize user passwords from an Active Directory domain to the connected data system.

Yes

The Active Directory Connector supports linked attributes existing in the Active Directory schema. Linked attributes allow you to establish associations between two objects.

Linked attributes exist in pairs, as follows:

  • Forward link attribute. This is a linked attribute that exists on a source object (example: the member attribute on the Group object). Forward link attributes can be single-valued or multivalued.
  • Back link attribute. This is a linked attribute that can be specified on a target object (example: the memberOf attribute on the User object). Back link attributes are multivalued and they must have a corresponding forward link attribute. Back link attributes are not stored in Active Directory. Rather, they are calculated based on the corresponding forward link attribute each time a query is issued.

In this section:

Creating an Active Directory connection

Creating an Active Directory connection

To create a new connection

  1. In the Synchronization Service Administration Console, open the Connections tab.
  2. Click Add connection, and then use the following options:
    • Connection name. Type a descriptive name for the connection.
    • Use the specified connector. Select Active Directory Connector.
  3. Click Next.
  4. On the Specify connection settings page, use the following options:
    • Any available domain controller in the specified domain. Allows you to connect to an available domain controller in the Active Directory domain you specify. In the Domain text box, type the fully qualified domain name of the domain to which you want to connect.
    • Specified domain controller. Allows you to connect to a specific domain controller in a particular Active Directory domain. In the Domain controller text box, type the fully qualified domain name of the domain controller to which you want to connect.
    • Active Directory forest. Allows you to connect to the Active Directory forest you specify in this option. When synchronizing data to or from a connected forest, Synchronization Service automatically selects the appropriate domain controllers in the forest to read and write data according to the synchronization scope configured for the connection.
      • Secure Sockets Layer usage. Use this list to select one of the following:
        • None. Allows you to connect without using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL).
        • Use. Allows you to connect through SSL.
        • Preferred. Allows you to attempt the connection through SSL first. If this connection attempt fails, the Synchronization Service tries to connect without using SSL.
      • Access Active Directory using. Use this option to select one of the following:
        • Synchronization Service account. Allows you to access the Active Directory domain in the security context of the account under which the Synchronization Service is running.
        • Windows account. Allows you to access Active Directory in the security context of the account whose user name and password you specify below this option.
    • Test Connection. Click this button to verify the specified connection settings.
  5. Click Finish to create a connection to Active Directory.

Modifying an existing Active Directory connection

Modifying an existing Active Directory connection

To modify connection settings

  1. In the Synchronization Service Administration Console, open the Connections tab.
  2. Click Connection settings below the existing Active Directory connection you want to modify.
  3. On the Connection Settings tab, click the Specify connection settings item to expand it, and then use the following options:
    • Any available domain controller in the specified domain. Allows you to connect to any available domain controller in the Active Directory domain you specify. In the Domain text box, type the fully qualified domain name of the domain to which you want to connect.
    • Specified domain controller. Allows you to connect to a specific domain controller in a particular Active Directory domain. In the Domain controller text box, type the fully qualified domain name of the domain controller to which you want to connect.
    • Active Directory forest. Allows you to connect to the Active Directory forest you specify in this option. When synchronizing data to or from a connected forest, Synchronization Service automatically selects the appropriate domain controllers in the forest to read and write data according to the synchronization scope configured for the connection.
      • Secure Sockets Layer usage. Use this list to select one of the following:
        • None. Allows you to connect without using Secure Sockets Layer (SSL).
        • Use. Allows you to connect through SSL.
        • Preferred. Allows you to attempt the connection through SSL first. If this connection attempt fails, the Synchronization Service tries to connect without using SSL.
    • Access Active Directory using. Use this option to select one of the following:
    • Synchronization Service account. Allows you to access Active Directory in the security context of the account under which the Synchronization Service is running.
    • Windows account. Allows you to access Active Directory in the security context of the account whose user name and password you specify below this option.
    • Test Connection. Click this button to verify the specified connection settings.
  4. Optionally, you can narrow the number of objects participating in the connection scope by setting up filter conditions: on the Connection Settings tab, click the Advanced item to expand it, and then use the following list columns:
    • Object type. Use this column to select the Active Directory object types for which you want to configure filter conditions: click the Add Object Type button to add an object type to the list. Once you have added an object type, use the Filter condition column to specify a condition the objects of that type must meet in order to participate in the connection scope.
    • Filter condition. Use this column to specify a filter condition for the corresponding Active Directory object type. To specify a filter condition, type an LDAP query. The Active Directory objects that meet the specified filter condition will participate in the connection scope. When no filter condition specified for an object type, all objects that belong to that type participate in the connection scope.
  5. When you are finished, click Save.
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