Each feature is presented in a separate section containing the following elements:
Unless otherwise noted, the How to Start instructions assume that you are logged on as an Active Roles Admin. By default, an Active Roles Admin is any member of the Administrators local group on the computer running the Active Roles Administration Service. Additionally, you should verify that the Active Roles console is in Advanced view mode: on the View menu, click Mode, and then click Advanced Mode.
|NOTE: For information on the Active Roles 7.3 features see the Active Roles What's New Guide.|
Identity information can be stored in various data systems, such as directories, databases, or even formatted text files. Management and synchronization of identity information among different data systems may require considerable time and effort. On top of that, performing data synchronization tasks manually is error-prone and can lead to duplication of information and incompatibility of data formats.
With Synchronization Service, you can automate the process of identity data synchronization among various data systems used in your enterprise environment.
Synchronization Service increases the efficiency of identity data management by allowing you to automate the creation, deprovisioning, and update operations between the data systems you use. For example, when an employee joins or leaves the organization, the identity information managed by Synchronization Service is automatically updated in the managed data systems, thereby reducing administrative workload and getting the new users up and running faster.
The use of scripting capabilities provides a flexible way to automate administrative tasks and integrate the administration of managed data systems with other business processes. By automating conventional tasks, Synchronization Service helps administrators to concentrate on strategic issues, such as planning the directory, increasing enterprise security, and supporting business-critical applications.
Bidirectional synchronization allows you to synchronize all changes to identity information between your data systems. Using this type of synchronization, you can prevent potential identity information conflicts between different data sources. Note that bidirectional synchronization is unavailable for some of the supported data systems.
Delta processing mode allows you to synchronize identities more quickly by processing only the data that has changed in the source and target connected systems since their last synchronization. Both the full mode and the delta mode provide you with the flexibility of choosing the appropriate method for your synchronization tasks. Note that delta processing mode is unavailable for some of the supported data systems.
Synchronization Service allows you to ensure that group membership information is in sync in all connected data systems. For example, when creating a group object from an Active Directory domain to an AD LDS (ADAM) instance, you can configure rules to synchronize the Member attribute from the Active Directory domain to the AD LDS (ADAM) instance.
Synchronization Service includes a Windows PowerShell based scripting Shell for data synchronization. The Shell is implemented as a Windows PowerShell module, allowing administrators to automate synchronization tasks by using PowerShell scripts.
Synchronization Service provides flexible rules for generating the Distinguished Name (DN) for objects being created. These rules allow you to ensure that created objects are named in full compliance with the naming conventions existing in your organization.
To access external data systems, Synchronization Service employs so-called connectors. A connector enables Synchronization Service to read and synchronize the identity data contained in a particular data system. Out of the box, Synchronization Service includes connectors that allow you to connect to the following data systems:
For instructions on how to install, configure and user Synchronization Service, see the Synchronization Service Administration Guide document for Active Roles 7.3.
Active Roles now includes a mailbox management solution—Exchange Resource Forest Management—to provision users with Exchange mailboxes in environments where mailbox server are deployed in a dedicated Active Directory forest while logon-enabled user accounts are defined in a different forest.
With Exchange Resource Forest Management, you can use Active Roles to:
You can create a mailbox when creating a user account in the accounts forest. It is also possible to create a mailbox for a user account that already exists in the accounts forest. As a result, Active Roles creates a disabled user account (shadow account) with a linked mailbox in the Exchange forest, and associates the shadow account and the mailbox with the user account (master account) held in the accounts forest.
The pages for managing the master account include all Exchange properties and tasks that are normally available when the mailbox resides in the same forest as the managed user account. With Exchange Resource Forest Management, Active Roles synchronizes the Exchange properties displayed or changed on the pages for managing the master account with the properties of the linked mailbox.
When you use Active Roles to change the personal or organization-related properties of the master account, Exchange Resource Forest Management causes Active Roles to apply the changes to those properties of the shadow account as well. This function ensures correct information about the master account in the Exchange address lists.
When you deprovision a master account, Exchange Resource Forest Management causes Active Roles to apply the deprovisioning policies to both the master account and shadow account. As a result, Active Roles makes all the necessary changes to deprovision the mailbox. You can revert these changes by undeprovisioning the master account.
For example, you can apply the “Exchange - Recipients Full Control” Access Template to a container in the accounts forest, which enables the delegated administrator to create, view or change linked mailboxes in the Exchange forest by managing master accounts held in that container.
When you make a shadow account the manager or a secondary owner of a distribution group and allow the manager or secondary owners to update membership list, Exchange Resource Forest Management ensures that the corresponding master account has sufficient rights to add or remove members from that group using Exchange clients such as Microsoft Outlook or Outlook Web App.
Exchange Resource Forest Management also enables Active Roles to provide all these administrative capabilities for linked mailboxes created by Active Roles with an earlier version of Exchange Resource Forest Management or without Exchange Resource Forest Management, or created by tools other than Active Roles. Exchange Resource Forest Management schedules Active Roles to search the managed domains for linked mailboxes whose master account:
For each master account that meets these conditions, Active Roles updates the master account with a reference to the shadow account, thereby extending the capabilities of Exchange Resource Forest Management to that master account and its linked mailbox. As a result, the linked mailbox falls under the control of Exchange Resource Forest Management.