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Active Roles 7.4.1 - Administration Guide

Introduction About Active Roles Getting Started Rule-based Administrative Views Role-based Administration
Access Templates as administrative roles Access Template management tasks Examples of use Deployment considerations Windows claims-based Access Rules
Rule-based AutoProvisioning and Deprovisioning
About Policy Objects Policy Object management tasks Policy configuration tasks
Property Generation and Validation User Logon Name Generation Group Membership AutoProvisioning E-mail Alias Generation Exchange Mailbox AutoProvisioning AutoProvisioning for SaaS products OneDrive Provisioning Home Folder AutoProvisioning Script Execution Office 365 License Management Office 365 Roles Management User Account Deprovisioning Office 365 Licenses Retention Group Membership Removal Exchange Mailbox Deprovisioning Home Folder Deprovisioning User Account Relocation User Account Permanent Deletion Group Object Deprovisioning Group Object Relocation Group Object Permanent Deletion Notification Distribution Report Distribution
Deployment considerations Checking for policy compliance Deprovisioning users or groups Restoring deprovisioned users or groups Container Deletion Prevention policy Picture management rules Policy extensions
Workflows
Understanding workflow Workflow activities overview Configuring a workflow
Creating a workflow definition Configuring workflow start conditions Configuring workflow parameters Adding activities to a workflow Configuring an Approval activity Configuring a Notification activity Configuring a Script activity Configuring an If-Else activity Configuring a Stop/Break activity Configuring an Add Report Section activity Configuring a Search activity Configuring CRUD activities Configuring a Save Object Properties activity Configuring a Modify Requested Changes activity Enabling or disabling an activity Enabling or disabling a workflow Using the initialization script
Example: Approval workflow E-mail based approval Automation workflow Activity extensions
Temporal Group Memberships Group Family Dynamic Groups Active Roles Reporting Management History
Understanding Management History Management History configuration Viewing change history
Workflow activity report sections Policy report items Active Roles internal policy report items
Examining user activity
Entitlement Profile Recycle Bin AD LDS Data Management One Identity Starling Management One Identity Starling Two-factor Authentication for Active Roles Managing One Identity Starling Connect Azure_Overview
Config ARS to Manage Hybrid AD Objects Managing Hybrid AD Users Office 365 roles management for hybrid environment users Managing Office 365 Contacts Managing Hybrid AD Groups Managing Azure O365 or Unified Groups
Managing Configuration of Active Roles
Connecting to the Administration Service Adding and removing managed domains Using unmanaged domains Evaluating product usage Creating and using virtual attributes Examining client sessions Monitoring performance Customizing the console Using Configuration Center Changing the Active Roles Admin account Enabling or disabling diagnostic logs Active Roles Log Viewer
SQL Server Replication Appendix A: Using regular expressions Appendix B: Administrative Template Appendix C: Communication ports Appendix D: Active Roles and supported Azure environments Appendix E: Enabling delegation for Federated Authentication

Claim type identifier setting

The claim type identifier (ID) determines the Common Name (cn) of the claim type object in Active Directory. Normally, Active Roles automatically generates an ID when creating a claim type. The automatically generated ID has the following format:

ad://ext/attributeName:uniqueHexidecimalNumber

In this format, attributeName stands for the LDAP display name of the claim type’s source attribute and uniqueHexidecimalNumber is a randomly generated string of hexadecimal characters that ensures the uniqueness of the claim type’s ID.

To enable authorization scenarios where claims are used across a forest trust, you need to create claim types in both the trusted forest and trusting forest with the same claim type ID. Domain controllers in a trusting forest receiving claims from a trusted forest cannot understand these claims unless:

  • Each claim has a claim type object created in both forests
  • The claim type ID in the trusting forest is identical to the claim type ID in the trusted forest
  • A Claim Transformation Policy object is applied to allow incoming claims across the forest trust

Therefore, when you create a claim type object, you may need to specify the appropriate claim type ID by hand. The option Set ID to a semantically identical claim type in a trusted forest serves this purpose, allowing you to type in an ID instead of having it created automatically. If you choose to enter an ID by hand, ensure that your ID string specifies a unique ID and conforms to the following format:

  • Starts with the ad://ext/ prefix
  • The prefix is followed by 1 to 32 characters
  • Does not contain space characters or these characters: \ * ? " < > |
  • If a slash mark (/) occurs after the ad://ext/ prefix, then the slash mark must be surrounded by a character on each side. The surrounding character must not be a colon (:) or slash mark.

A valid example of an ID string is ad://ext/BusinessImpact.

The option Set ID to a semantically identical claim type in a trusted forest is available only when you create a claim type object. The ID should not be changed on existing claim type objects. When you create a claim type object, it is advisable to let an ID be generated automatically unless a business need justifies otherwise, such as the use of claim transformation policies in a multi-forest environment. This ensures that the newly created claim type has a valid, unique ID.

Display name setting

The display name of the claim type object is used to represent the claim type as a choice throughout the user interface. Thus, when you configure a conditional expression for an access rule, the condition builder allows you to select a claim type from a list where each list item is the display name of a certain claim type object. For this reason, each claim type object must be given a unique display name. The display name accepts alphanumeric characters as valid data.

Description setting

You can use the description of the claim type object to specify a short comment about the claim type. Comments typically include purpose, department usage, or business justification.

User or computer claim issuance setting

You have the option to choose whether claims of the given claim type can be issued for user or computer object class, or both. With the option to issue claims for the user object class, the claim type causes domain controllers to issue user claims based on the attribute of the authenticating user. With the option to issue claims for the computer object class, the claim type causes domain controllers to issue device claims based the attribute of the authenticating user’s computer. You can configure a claim type to issue both user and device claims. When you create a conditional expression for an access rule, and choose the claim type to evaluate, the condition builder allows you to distinguish between user and device claims of the same claim type.

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