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Quest has tools and processes in place to identify, protect, detect, and remediate vulnerabilities and incidents when they occur, including external security partners. As part of our standard security operations, Quest does not use CrowdStrike in any of our operations. We are reviewing our third parties, and so far, there is minimal affect. It is Quest's policy not to provide further technical details unless they directly impact customer data.

Identity Manager 9.0 LTS - Administration Guide for Connecting to a Universal Cloud Interface

Managing Universal Cloud Interface environments Synchronizing a cloud application in the Universal Cloud Interface
Setting up initial synchronization with a cloud application in the Universal Cloud Interface Customizing the synchronization configuration Running synchronization Tasks following synchronization Troubleshooting Ignoring data error in synchronization Pausing handling of target system specific processes (Offline mode)
Provisioning object changes Managing cloud user accounts and employees Managing assignments of cloud groups and system entitlements Login information for cloud user accounts Mapping cloud objects in One Identity Manager
Cloud target systems Container structures Cloud user accounts Cloud groups Cloud system entitlements Cloud permissions controls Reports about objects in cloud target systems
Handling cloud objects in the Web Portal Basic data for managing a Universal Cloud Interface environment Configuration parameters for managing cloud target systems Default project template for cloud applications in the Universal Cloud Interface

Effectiveness of memberships in cloud groups and system entitlements

NOTE: The functionality described here for groups applies equally to system entitlements.

When groups are assigned to user accounts an employee may obtain two or more groups, which are not permitted in this combination. To prevent this, you can declare mutually exclusive groups. To do this, you specify which of the two groups should apply to the user accounts if both are assigned.

It is possible to assign an excluded group at any time either directly, indirectly, or with an IT Shop request. One Identity Manager determines whether the assignment is effective.

NOTE:

  • You cannot define a pair of mutually exclusive groups. That means, the definition "Group A excludes group B" AND "Group B excludes groups A" is not permitted.
  • You must declare each group to be excluded from a group separately. Exclusion definitions cannot be inherited.
  • One Identity Manager does not check if membership of an excluded group is permitted in another group (CSMGroupInGroup table).

The effectiveness of the assignments is mapped in the CSMUserInGroup/CSMUserHasGroup and CSMBaseTreeHasGroup tables by the XIsInEffect column.

Example: The effect of group memberships
  • Group A is assigned through the "Marketing" department, group B through "Finance", and group C through the "Control group" business role.

Jo User1 has a user account in this target system. They primarily belong to the "Marketing" department. The "Control group" business role and the "Finance" department are assigned to them secondarily. Without an exclusion definition, the user account obtains all the permissions of groups A, B, and C.

By using suitable controls, you want to prevent an employee from being able to trigger a request and to pay invoices. That means, groups A, B, and C are mutually exclusive. An employee that checks invoices may not be able to make invoice payments as well. That means, groups B and C are mutually exclusive.

Table 19: Specifying excluded groups (CSMGroupExclusion table)

Effective group

Excluded group

Group A

Group B

Group A

Group C

Group B

Table 20: Effective assignments

Employee

Member in role

Effective group

Pat Identity1

Marketing

Group A

Jan User3

Marketing, finance

Group B

Jo User1

Marketing, finance, control group

Group C

Chris User2

Marketing, control group

Group A, Group C

Only the group C assignment is in effect for Jo User1. It is published in the target system. If Jo User1 leaves the "control group" business role at a later date, group B also takes effect.

The groups A and C are in effect for Chris User2 because the groups are not defined as mutually exclusive. That means that the employee is authorized to trigger requests and to check invoices. If this should not be allowed, define further exclusion for group C.

Table 21: Excluded groups and effective assignments

Employee

Member in role

Assigned group

Excluded group

Effective group

Chris User2

 

Marketing

Group A

 

Group C

 

Control group

Group C

Group B

Group A

Prerequisites
  • The QER | Structures | Inherite | GroupExclusion configuration parameter is set.

    In the Designer, set the configuration parameter and compile the database.

    NOTE: If you disable the configuration parameter at a later date, model components and scripts that are not longer required, are disabled. SQL procedures and triggers are still carried out. For more information about the behavior of preprocessor relevant configuration parameters and conditional compiling, see the One Identity Manager Configuration Guide.

  • Mutually exclusive groups belong to the same cloud target system.

To exclude a group

  1. In the Manager, select the Cloud Target Systems > <target system> > Groups category.

  2. Select a group in the result list.

  3. Select the Exclude groups task.

  4. In the Add assignments pane, assign the groups that are mutually exclusive to the selected group.

    - OR -

    In the Remove assignments pane, remove the groups that are no longer mutually exclusive.

  5. Save the changes.

To exclude system entitlements

  1. In the Manager, select the Cloud target systems > <target system> > System entitlements 1 category.

    - OR -

    In the Manager, select the Cloud target systems > <target system> > System entitlements 2 category.

    - OR -

    In the Manager, select the Cloud target systems > <target system> > System entitlements 3 category.

  2. Select a system entitlement in the result list.

  3. Select the Exclude system entitlements 1 task, Exclude system entitlements 2 task, or Exclude system entitlements 3 task to match the selected system entitlement.

  4. In the Add assignments pane, assign system entitlements that are mutually exclusive to the selected system entitlement.

    - OR -

    In the Remove assignments pane, remove the system entitlements that are no longer mutually exclusive.

  5. Save the changes.

Inheriting cloud groups and system entitlements based on categories

NOTE: The functionality described here for groups applies equally to system entitlements.

In One Identity Manager, user accounts can selectively inherit groups. To do this, groups and user accounts are divided into categories. The categories can be freely selected and are specified using a mapping rule. Each category is given a specific position within the template. The mapping rule contains different tables. Use the user account table to specify categories for target system dependent user accounts. In the group table, enter your categories for the target system-dependent groups. Each table contains the category positions position 1 to position 63.

Every user account can be assigned to one or more categories. Each group can also be assigned to one or more categories. The group is inherited by the user account when at least one user account category items matches an assigned group. The group is also inherited by the user account if the group or the user account is not put into categories.

NOTE: Inheritance through categories is only taken into account when groups are assigned indirectly through hierarchical roles. Categories are not taken into account when groups are directly assigned to user accounts.

Table 22: Category examples
Category item Categories for user accounts Categories for groups
1 Default user Default permissions
2 System users System user permissions
3 System administrator System administrator permissions

Figure 3: Example of inheriting through categories.

To use inheritance through categories

  • In the Manager, define the categories in the cloud target system.

  • Assign categories to user accounts through their main data.

  • Assign categories to groups and system entitlements through their main data.

Related topics

Overview of all assignments

The Overview of all assignments report is displayed for some objects, such as authorizations, compliance rules, or roles. The report finds all the roles, for example, departments, cost centers, locations, business roles, and IT Shop structures in which there are employees who own the selected base object. In this case, direct as well as indirect base object assignments are included.

Examples:
  • If the report is created for a resource, all roles are determined in which there are employees with this resource.

  • If the report is created for a group or another system entitlement, all roles are determined in which there are employees with this group or system entitlement.

  • If the report is created for a compliance rule, all roles are determined in which there are employees who violate this compliance rule.

  • If the report is created for a department, all roles are determined in which employees of the selected department are also members.

  • If the report is created for a business role, all roles are determined in which employees of the selected business role are also members.

To display detailed information about assignments

  • To display the report, select the base object from the navigation or the result list and select the Overview of all assignments report.

  • Click the Used by button in the report toolbar to select the role class for which you want to determine whether roles exist that contain employees with the selected base object.

    All the roles of the selected role class are shown. The color coding of elements identifies the role in which there are employees with the selected base object. The meaning of the report control elements is explained in a separate legend. To access the legend, click the icon in the report's toolbar.

  • Double-click a control to show all child roles belonging to the selected role.

  • By clicking the button in a role's control, you display all employees in the role with the base object.

  • Use the small arrow next to to start a wizard that allows you to bookmark this list of employees for tracking. This creates a new business role to which the employees are assigned.

Figure 4: Toolbar of the Overview of all assignments report.

Table 23: Meaning of icons in the report toolbar

Icon

Meaning

Show the legend with the meaning of the report control elements

Saves the current report view as a graphic.

Selects the role class used to generate the report.

Displays all roles or only the affected roles.

Login information for cloud user accounts

When new user accounts are created in One Identity Manager, the passwords needed to log in to the target system are created immediately also. Various options are available for assigning the initial password. Predefined password policies are applied to the passwords, and you can adjust these policies to suit your individual requirements if necessary. You can set up email notifications to distribute the login information generated to users.

Detailed information about this topic
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