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Identity Manager 9.0 LTS - Administration Guide for Connecting to LDAP

About this guide Managing LDAP environments Synchronizing LDAP directories
Setting up initial LDAP directory synchronization Adjusting the synchronization configuration for LDAP environments Running synchronization Tasks following synchronization Troubleshooting Ignoring data error in synchronization Pausing handling of target system specific processes (Offline mode)
Managing LDAP user accounts and employees Managing memberships in LDAP groups Login information for LDAP user accounts Mapping LDAP objects in One Identity Manager Handling of LDAP objects in the Web Portal Basic data for managing an LDAP environment Troubleshooting Configuration parameters for managing an LDAP environment Default project template for LDAP LDAP connector V2 settings

Installing One Identity Manager Service with an LDAP connector

The One Identity Manager Service must be installed on the synchronization server with the LDAP connector. The synchronization server must be declared as a Job server in One Identity Manager.

Table 3: Properties of the Job server
Property Value
Server function LDAP connector
Machine role Server | Job Server | LDAP directories

NOTE: If several target system environments of the same type are synchronized under the same synchronization server, it is recommended that you set up a Job server for each target system for performance reasons. This avoids unnecessary swapping of connections to target systems because a Job server only has to process tasks of the same type (re-use of existing connections).

Use the One Identity Manager Service to install the Server Installer. The program runs the following steps:

  • Sets up a Job server.

  • Specifies machine roles and server function for the Job server.

  • Remotely installs One Identity Manager Service components corresponding to the machine roles.

  • Configures the One Identity Manager Service.

  • Starts the One Identity Manager Service.

NOTE: The program performs a remote installation of the One Identity Manager Service. Local installation of the service is not possible with this program.

To remotely install the One Identity Manager Service, you must have an administrative workstation on which the One Identity Manager components are installed. For more information about installing a workstation, see the One Identity Manager Installation Guide.

NOTE: To generate processes for the Job server, you need the provider, connection parameters, and the authentication data. By default, this information is determined from the database connection data. If the Job server runs through an application server, you must configure extra connection data in the Designer. For more information about setting up Job servers, see the One Identity Manager Configuration Guide.

To remotely install and configure One Identity Manager Service on a server

  1. Start the Server Installer program on your administrative workstation.

  1. On the Database connection page, enter the valid connection credentials for the One Identity Manager database.

  2. On the Server properties page, specify the server on which you want to install the One Identity Manager Service.

    1. Select a Job server from the Server menu.

      - OR -

      To create a new Job server, click Add.

    2. Enter the following data for the Job server.

      • Server: Name of the Job server.

      • Queue: Name of the queue to handle the process steps. Each Job server within the network must have a unique queue identifier. The process steps are requested by the Job queue using this exact queue name. The queue identifier is entered in the One Identity Manager Service configuration file.

      • Full server name: Full server name in accordance with DNS syntax.

        Syntax:

        <Name of servers>.<Fully qualified domain name>

      NOTE: You can use the Extended option to make changes to other properties for the Job server. You can also edit the properties later with the Designer.

  1. On the Machine roles page, select LDAP directories.

  2. On the Server functions page, select LDAP connector.

  3. On the Service Settings page, enter the connection data and check the One Identity Manager Service configuration.

    NOTE: The initial service configuration is predefined. If further changes need to be made to the configuration, you can do this later with the Designer. For more information about configuring the service, see the One Identity Manager Configuration Guide.

    • For a direct connection to the database:

      1. Select Process collection > sqlprovider.

      2. Click the Connection parameter entry, then click the Edit button.

      3. Enter the connection data for the One Identity Manager database.

    • For a connection to the application server:

      1. Select Process collection, click the Insert button and select AppServerJobProvider.

      2. Click the Connection parameter entry, then click the Edit button.

      3. Enter the connection data for the application server.

      4. Click the Authentication data entry and click the Edit button.

      5. Select the authentication module. Depending on the authentication module, other data may be required, such as user and password. For more information about One Identity Manager authentication modules, see the One Identity Manager Authorization and Authentication Guide.

  4. To configure remote installations, click Next.

  1. Confirm the security prompt with Yes.

  2. On the Select installation source page, select the directory with the install files. Change the directory if necessary.

  3. If the database is encrypted, on the Select private key file page, select the file with the private key.

  4. On the Service access page, enter the service's installation data.

    • Computer: Enter the name or IP address of the server that the service is installed and started on.

    • Service account: Enter the details of the user account that the One Identity Manager Service is running under. Enter the user account, the user account's password and password confirmation.

    The service is installed using the user account with which you are logged in to the administrative workstation. If you want to use another user account for installing the service, you can enter it in the advanced options. You can also change the One Identity Manager Service details, such as the installation directory, name, display name, and the One Identity Manager Service description, using the advanced options.

  5. Click Next to start installing the service.

    Installation of the service occurs automatically and may take some time.

  6. Click Finish on the last page of the Server Installer.

    NOTE: In a default installation, the service is entered in the server’s service management with the name One Identity Manager Service.

Creating a synchronization project for initial synchronization of an LDAP domain

Use the Synchronization Editor to configure synchronization between the One Identity Manager database and LDAP environment. The following describes the steps for initial configuration of a synchronization project. For more information about setting up synchronization, see the One Identity Manager Target System Synchronization Reference Guide.

After the initial configuration, you can customize and configure workflows within the synchronization project. Use the workflow wizard in the Synchronization Editor for this. The Synchronization Editor also provides different configuration options for a synchronization project.

Related topics

Information required to set up a synchronization project

Have the following information available for setting up a synchronization project.

Table 4: Information required for setting up a synchronization project
Data Explanation

LDAP server's DNS name

IP address or full name of the LDAP server for connecting to the synchronization server to provide access to LDAP objects.

Syntax:

<Name of servers>.<Fully qualified domain name>

Authentication type

Authentication type for establishing a connection to the target system. Authentication type Basic is taken as default.

For more information about authentication types, see the MSDN Library.

Communications port on the server

LDAP default communications port is 389.

User account and password for domain login

User account and password for domain login. This user account is used to access the domain. Make a user account available with sufficient permissions. For more information, see Users and permissions for synchronizing with LDAP.

Synchronization server for LDAP

All One Identity Manager Service actions are run against the target system environment on the synchronization server. Data entries required for synchronization and administration with the One Identity Manager database are processed by the synchronization server.

The One Identity Manager Service with the LDAP connector must be installed on the synchronization server.

The synchronization server must be declared as a Job server in One Identity Manager. Use the following properties when you set up the Job server.

  • Server function: LDAP connector

  • Machine role: Server | Job Server | LDAP directories

For more information, see Setting up the LDAP synchronization server.

One Identity Manager database connection data
  • Database server

  • Database name

  • SQL Server login and password

  • Specifies whether integrated Windows authentication is used

    Use of the integrated Windows authentication is not recommended. If you decide to use it anyway, ensure that your environment supports Windows authentication.

Remote connection server

To configure synchronization with a target system, One Identity Manager must load the data from the target system. One Identity Manager communicates directly with the target system to do this. Sometimes direct access from the workstation, on which the Synchronization Editor is installed, is not possible. For example, because of the firewall configuration or the workstation does not fulfill the necessary hardware and software requirements. If direct access is not possible from the workstation, you can set up a remote connection.

The remote connection server and the workstation must be in the same Active Directory domain.

Remote connection server configuration:

  • One Identity Manager Service is started

  • RemoteConnectPlugin is installed

  • LDAP connector is installed

The remote connection server must be declared as a Job server in One Identity Manager. The Job server name is required.

TIP: The remote connection server requires the same configuration as the synchronization server (with regard to the installed software and entitlements). Use the synchronization as remote connection server at the same time, by simply installing the RemoteConnectPlugin as well.

For more detailed information about setting up a remote connection, see the One Identity Manager Target System Synchronization Reference Guide.

Creating an initial synchronization project for an LDAP domain with the LDAP connector V2

NOTE: The following sequence describes how to configure a synchronization project if the Synchronization Editor is both:

  • Run in default mode

  • Started from the Launchpad

If you run the project wizard in expert mode or directly from the Synchronization Editor, additional configuration settings can be made. Follow the project wizard instructions through these steps.

NOTE: Just one synchronization project can be created per target system and default project template used.

To set up an initial synchronization project for an LDAP domain

  1. Start the Launchpad and log in on the One Identity Manager database.

    NOTE: If synchronization is run by an application server, connect the database through the application server.

  2. Select the Target system type LDAP entry and click Start.

    This starts the Synchronization Editor's project wizard.

  1. On the Choose target system page, select LDAP connector (version 2).

  1. On the System access page, specify how One Identity Manager can access the target system.

    • If access is possible from the workstation on which you started the Synchronization Editor, do not change any settings.

    • If access is not possible from the workstation on which you started the Synchronization Editor, you can set up a remote connection.

      Enable the Connect using remote connection server option and select the server to be used for the connection under Job server.

  1. On the Connection credentials page, enter the connection data for accessing the LDAP system. An attempt is then made to connect to establish a connection to the server.

    • Server: IP address or full name of the LDAP server for connecting to the synchronization server to provide access to LDAP objects

    • Port: Communications port on the server. The LDAP default communications port is 389.

    • Authentication method: Select the authentication type for logging in to the LDAP system. The following are permitted:

      • Basic: Uses default authentication.

      • Negotiate: Uses Negotiate authentication from Microsoft.

      • Anonymous: Establishes a connection without passing login credentials.

      • Kerberos: Uses Kerberos authentication.

      • NTLM: Uses Windows NT Challenge/Response (NTLM) authentication.

      • External: Uses certificate-based authentication as the external method.

      Depending on the selected authentication method, additional information may be required for logging in.

      • User name: Name of the user account for logging in to LDAP.

      • Password: Password for the user account.

      • Enable sealing: Set this option if the selected authentication method supports sealing (Sealing).

      • Enable signing: Set this option if the selected authentication method supports signing (Signing).

      • Client certificate: Select a client certificate. The certificates are determined from the user certificates (Current user certificate store) on the currently connected host. This is either the local computer that the Synchronization Editor was started on or the Job server used for connecting remotely.

        NOTE: Ensure that the selected certificate is also installed on all Job servers that will connect to the LDAP system.

        TIP: By clicking next to the field, you can display additional information about the selected certificate, for example, subject, certification authority and validity period.

    • Encryption: Specify encryption for the connection. You have the following options:

      • None: No encryption is used.

      • SSL: An SSL/TLS encrypted connection is used.

      • StartTLS: StartTLS is used for encryption.

    • Server certificate verification: The server certificate is checked during SSL or StartTLS encryption.

      NOTE: The server certificate must be valid. The root certification authority’s certificate must be the computer certificate ( Local Computer certificate store) either on the host that the Synchronization Editor was started on or on the Job server connected remotely. Ensure that the certificate is also installed on all Job servers that will connect to the LDAP system.

    • Protocol version: Version of the LDAP protocol. The default value is 3.
  2. On the Select the schema source page, select the source to provide the schema information. You have the following options:

    • Load schema from LDAP Server: The schema is loaded from the LDAP. (Default)

    • Load schema from given LDIF string: If the LDAP server’s schema is not available, you can give an alternative source.

  3. On the Select configuration preset page, specify how the connector is preconfigured. A configuration is already suggested based on the known server. Alternatively, you can enter the configuration manually. In this case, configure the setting for search queries, object changes, and object deletion.

    • Use preset: Enable this option if you want to use the configuration provided for the connector. A configuration is already suggested based on the known LDAP system. You have the following options:

      • OpenDJ

      • Oracle DSEE

      • Microsoft AD LDS or Active Directory

      • Novell/NetIQ eDirectory

    • Configure manually: Enable this option if you want to create the configuration manually. In this case, additional pages are offered on which you can specify the settings for search queries, object changes, and object deletion.

  4. On the LDAP schema extensions page, configure additional schema functions that are run while the schema is being loaded.

    Schema functions are structured hierarchically. A schema function is always applied to its parent schema function. The connection processes schema functions hierarchically top-down. The following schema functions are available:

    • Load schema from LDAP Server/Load schema for LDIF string: Source for determining the schema.

    • Return operational attributes: This schema function specifies, which attributes are additionally found for the LDAP objects. Functional attributes are used for managing directories. Functional attributes are added to each schema class of the parent function.

      NOTE: To map the operational attributes in One Identity Manager, custom extensions to the One Identity Manager schema may be required. Use the Schema Extension program to do this.

    • Auxillary class assigment: Use schema function to assign additional auxiliary classes to structural classes. Auxiliary classes are classes of Auxiliary type and contain attributes for extending structural classes. Auxiliary class attributes are offered as optional attributes for structural classes in the schema.

      NOTE: To map the attributes of the auxiliary classes in One Identity Manager, custom extensions to the One Identity Manager schema may be necessary under certain circumstances. Use the Schema Extension program to do this.

    • Switch type of object classes: Use this schema function to change the type of an object class. This may be necessary if a non-RFC compliant LDAP system allows assignment of several structural object classes to one entry although only one structural class is allowed.

      Assigning more than one structural class means that an LDAP entry cannot be uniquely assigned to a schema type. If structural object classes have been defined that only serve as property extensions (meaning auxiliary classes), you can, with help from this option, set the connector to handle the object class as an auxiliary class.

      NOTE: Object classes that are configured as auxiliary are subsequently not handled as independent schema types and cannot, therefore, be synchronized separately.

    • Cache Schema: This schema function keeps the LDAP schema stored in local cache. It is recommended to queue this function after the schema has loaded. This accelerates synchronization and provisioning of LDAP objects.

      The cache is stored on the computer used to create the connection, under %Appdata%\...\Local\One Identity\One Identity Manager\Cache\LdapConnector.

    • Load AD LDS schema extension: This schema function loads additional information required for synchronizing the Active Directory Lightweight Directory Service.

  5. On the Search base page, define the root entry (normally the domain) that serves as the basis of the search queries. In the Search base menu, select an entry or enter a root value.

  6. You can save the connection data on the last page of the system connection wizard.

    • Set the Save connection locally option to save the connection data. This can be reused when you set up other synchronization projects.

    • Click Finish, to end the system connection wizard and return to the project wizard.

  1. On the One Identity Manager Connection tab, test the data for connecting to the One Identity Manager database. The data is loaded from the connected database. Reenter the password.

    NOTE:

    • If you use an unencrypted One Identity Manager database and have not yet saved any synchronization projects to the database, you need to enter all connection data again.

    • This page is not shown if a synchronization project already exists.

  2. The wizard loads the target system schema. This may take a few minutes depending on the type of target system access and the size of the target system.

  1. On the Restrict target system access page, specify how system access should work. You have the following options: Read-only access to target system.
    Table 5: Specify target system access
    Option Meaning

    Specifies that a synchronization workflow is only to be set up for the initial loading of the target system into the One Identity Manager database.

    The synchronization workflow has the following characteristics:

    • Synchronization is in the direction of One Identity Manager.

    • Processing methods in the synchronization steps are only defined for synchronization in the direction of One Identity Manager.

    Read/write access to target system. Provisioning available.

    Specifies whether a provisioning workflow is set up in addition to the synchronization workflow for the initial loading of the target system.

    The provisioning workflow displays the following characteristics:

    • Synchronization is in the direction of the Target system.

    • Processing methods are only defined in the synchronization steps for synchronization in the direction of the Target system.

    • Synchronization steps are only created for such schema classes whose schema types have write access.

  1. On the Synchronization server page, select the synchronization server to run the synchronization.

    If the synchronization server is not declared as a Job server in the One Identity Manager database yet, you can add a new Job server.

    1. Click to add a new Job server.

    2. Enter a name for the Job server and the full server name conforming to DNS syntax.

    3. Click OK.

      The synchronization server is declared as Job server for the target system in the One Identity Manager database.

    4. NOTE: After you save the synchronization project, ensure that this server is set up as a synchronization server.

  1. To close the project wizard, click Finish.

    This creates and allocates a default schedule for regular synchronization. Enable the schedule for regular synchronization.

    This sets up, saves and immediately activates the synchronization project.

    NOTE:

    • If enabled, a consistency check is carried out. If errors occur, a message appears. You can decide whether the synchronization project can remain activated or not.

      Check the errors before you use the synchronization project. To do this, in the General view on the Synchronization Editor‘s start page, click Verify project.

    • If you do not want the synchronization project to be activated immediately, disable the Activate and save the new synchronization project automatically option. In this case, save the synchronization project manually before closing the Synchronization Editor.

    • The connection data for the target system is saved in a variable set and can be modified in the Synchronization Editor in the Configuration > Variables category.

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