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One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Passwords 6.7 - Administration Guide

Introduction System requirements and versions Using API and PowerShell tools Using the virtual appliance and web management console Cloud deployment considerations Setting up Safeguard for Privileged Passwords for the first time Using the web client Getting started with the desktop client Using the desktop client Search box Privileged access requests Toolbox Accounts Account Groups Assets Asset Groups Discovery Entitlements Partitions Settings
Access Request settings Appliance settings Asset Management settings Backup and Retention settings Certificates settings Cluster settings Enable or Disable Services settings External Integration settings Messaging settings (desktop client) Password Management settings Safeguard Access settings SSH Key Management settings
Users User Groups Disaster recovery and clusters Administrator permissions Preparing systems for management Troubleshooting Frequently asked questions Appendix A: Safeguard ports Appendix B: SPP 2.7 or later migration guidance Appendix C: SPP and SPS join guidance Appendix D: Regular Expressions SPP Glossary About us

Appendix C: SPP and SPS join guidance

Safeguard for Privileged Passwords version 2.7 introduced the ability to join Safeguard for Privileged Sessions for session recording and auditing.

The Asset Administrator can join a Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) cluster to a Safeguard for Privileged Password (SPP) cluster of one appliance or more for session recording and auditing. The actual join must be between the SPP primary and the SPS cluster master. This means that the Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) cluster is aware of each node in an SPP cluster and vice-versa.

Once joined, all sessions are initiated by the SPP appliance via an access request and managed by the SPS appliance and sessions are recorded via the Sessions Appliance.

NOTE: If you have a single node SPS cluster where the Central Management node is also the Search Master, SPP will be unable to launch sessions. There has to be at least one SPS appliance in the cluster that is capable of recording sessions. See the SPS Administration Guide, Managing Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) clusters.

Additional overview information can be found in the Safeguard for Privileged Sessions Administration Guide, Passwords-initiated (SPP-initiated) workflow.

Session recording, playback, and storage after the join
  • Sessions recorded after the join are playable through SPP and are stored on the SPS appliance. An archive server can be set up through SPS.
  • Sessions recorded prior to joining the Safeguard Sessions Appliances are not migrated to the SPS appliance. For that reason, it is recommended that the SPP sessions be migrated to an archive server prior to the join.
Functionality in SPS after the join

The following functionality handled in SPP's user interface is available in SPS after the join.

  • Session certificate assignment is handled by SPS. The certificate is available for audit by the Auditor.
  • After the join, you will set the following configurations in SPS. There is no migration of the SPP settings added via Administrative Tools | Entitlements | Access Request Policies | Session Settings. These include:
    • Session recording
    • SSH related command detection and controls (such as SFTP, SCP, and X11 forwarding)
    • RDP related command detection and controls (such as Windows title detection and allowing the clipboard)
  • In SPS, you will:
    • Set the SSH banner text that is shown to session users when they initiate a privileged session notifying them the session will be recorded.
    • Identify the SSH host key presented to the user's SSH client when an SSH session is started.
    • Identify the status of the session module, such as session module health.
    • Edit the default policy.

The primary provider names must match for a SPS initiated RDP connection with SPP. See KB article 311852.

Functionality in SPP after the join
  • During the join, SPP sets the SPS Connection Policy to safeguard_default for SSH or safeguard_rdp for RDP, as appropriate and may need to be changed. This default is nothing more than SSH or RDP connection policy.
  • Other configuration set via the Access Request Policies dialog, are not affected by the join. These include: General, Scope, Requester, Approver, Reviewer, Access Config, Time Restrictions, and Emergency tabs.
  • The Activity Center shows all old sessions and new sessions per the configuration. You can play back a session from SPP. However, the session index, which makes the privileged users' activity searchable, is only available from SPS.
  • Entitlement reports have not changed.
  • On the Dashboard, administrators can still view and manage access requests and accounts failing tasks as usual.
  • After the join, Administrative Tools | Settings | Sessions functionality is no longer available and is handled via SPS. This includes session recording management, sessions module, SSH banner, and SSH host key.
Step 1: Prepare for the join

Move all session recording files from Safeguard for Privileged Passwords to an archive server.

  1. SPP embedded sessions module was remove in SPP 6.0 LTS so this step should have been completed earlier. If not, move the SPP embedded sessions recordings from local SPP to an archive server.
    • Prior to moving to SPP 6.0: If the join has not been started, you can use the SPP user interface to archive existing SPP sessions:
      1. Set up the archive server. Navigate to For more information, see Archive servers.
      2. Assign the archive server to the SPP appliances. SPP moves the files and deletes the local file storage.
      3. Verify the recordings have been archived by comparing the session events in the Activity Center with the actual recording files on the archive server.
      4. Test the playback of a recording stored on the archive server. You will need to download it before you can play it. For more information, see Replaying a session.
    • After moving to SPP 6.0 or if the join is complete, use the API to archive existing SPP sessions.

      1. Use the API PUT Core/v3/SessionArchiveConfigs/{id}. Call this API giving it the ID of the archive server (GET Core/v3/ArchiveServers) and the ID of the appliance (GET Core/SessionArchiveConfigs). Calling the above POST API will assign an archive server to archive session recordings. Within a few minutes, all remaining recordings will be moved to the archive server and removed from the local SPP storage.
      2. Starting with SPP 6.7, you must call POST /core/v3/SessionArchiveConfigs/ArchiveRecordings to push the recording files to the assigned archive server and POST /core/v3/SessionArchiveConfigs/RemovedArchivedRecordings to delete the recording files from the SPP appliance local storage.
      3. Test the playback of a recording stored on the archive server. You will need to download it before you can play it. For more information, see Replaying a session.
  2. Ensure the join is performed when open access requests are not pending, if possible.

    When the SPS session connection is joined, open access requests are automatically closed. When you double-click the event in the Activity Center, the event details Action is Evicted.

  3. Back up your appliances and archive servers. For more information, see Backup and Retention settings.
Step 2: Join SPS and SPP

The join is initiated from Safeguard for Privileged Sessions. For details about the join steps and issue resolution, see the One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions Administration Guide.

Pay attention to the roles assigned to the SPS nodes. The following caution is offered to avoid losing session playback from SPP.

CAUTION: Do not switch the role of an SPS node from the Search Local role to Search Minion role. If you do, playback of the sessions recorded while in the Search Local role may not be played back from the SPP appliance, and may only be played back via the SPS web user interface. Recordings made with the node in Search Minion role are pushed to the Search Master node and are available for download to SPP. For details about SPS nodes and roles, see the One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions Administration Guide: One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions - Technical Documentation.

Step 3: Perform post join activities in SPP and SPS

Steps to perform in SPP

  1. The Appliance Administrator assigns the managed networks for sessions management.

    Navigate to Administrative Tools | Settings | Cluster | Managed Networks. For more information, see Managed Networks.

  2. The Appliance Administrator can view, delete, or edit join connections, as needed.

    Go to Administrative Tools | Settings | Cluster | Session Appliances. For more information, see Session Appliances with SPS join.

    If you soft delete a session connection, then reconnect, the access policies remain available. If you hard delete, the Security Policy Administrator will need to rejoin and reestablish the SPS Connection Policy via Administrative Tools | Entitlements | Access Request Policies | Session Settings. For more information, see Connection deletion: soft delete versus hard delete.

  3. The Security Policy Administrator identifies the session settings on the entitlements access request policy.

    Perform the following steps to ensure each policy's session setting is correctly assigned.

    1. Navigate to Administrative Tools | Entitlements, select an entitlement, and open Access Request Policies.
    2. Double-click a policy, or select a policy and click Edit Access Policy.
    3. On the Session Settings tab, go to the SPS Connection Policy. The host name of the cluster master is displayed first followed by the IP address: safeguard_default.

    4. If needed, select the cluster or appliance to which the policy applies.

      For more information, see Session Settings tab on page 1.

  4. While on the Access Request Policies dialog, the Security Policy Administrator checks any other tab, as needed. The join does not affect the settings on the tabs including the General, Scope, Requester, Approver, Reviewer, Access Config, Time Restrictions, and Emergency tabs.

Steps to perform in SPS

Complete any set up in SPS required (such as setting up an archive server, the SSH banner, the SSH host key, as well as SSH-related or RDP-related command detection and controls). For details, see the One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions Administration Guide: One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions - Technical Documentation. :

Standard operating procedure after the initial join

If you add another SPS cluster after the initial join, follow these standard operating procedures:

  1. Add join connections. For more information, see Session Appliances with SPS join.
  2. Identify the session settings on the entitlements access request policy (SPS Connection Policy that is the IP address of the cluster master). For more information, see Creating an access request policy.
  3. Assign the managed networks. For more information, see Managed Networks..

Appendix D: Regular Expressions

Regular expressions are used to parse large amounts of data to find matching patterns and validate a predefined pattern. For example, in Safeguard for Privileged Passwords, regular expressions are used for:

  • Account Discovery rules (Property Constraints, Name Ranges and Group Ranges). Partial matches are acceptable (unless the regular expression itself is defined to only return exact matches).
  • Ticket numbers when an external ticketing system is not used. Matches must be exact.

For details, see these Microsoft resources:

Best practices for ticketing not tied to external ticket system

These best practices are for adding a regular expression for ticketing not tied to an external ticket system. For more information, see Ticketing systems.

If you use an alternation construct (“|” which is “or”), the longest matching expression is defined first to the least matching expression because Windows.Net regular expression (regex) stops after finding the first match.

For example: A{3}[0-9]{5}ZZZ|A{3}[0-9]{5} is advised instead of the reverse order. Sample entry results follow for the A{3}[0-9]{5}ZZZ|A{3}[0-9]{5} expression:

User entry: Match?  
AAA12345 Yes. Matched on the second regex  
AAA12345Z No. There is no exact match.  
AAA12345ZZZ

Yes. Matched on the first regex.

If the expression were reversed (A{3}[0-9]{5}|A{3}[0-9]{5}ZZZ) there would be a partial match on the first expression and the entry would be returned as invalid.

 

You may want to wrap each expression in an alternation construct with the anchors ^ and $ when using alternation constructs. An example follows: ^A{3}[0-9]{5}ZZZ$|^A{3}[0-9]{5}$.

The ? lazy quantifier should be avoided, especially at the end of the expression. For example, if the regex is A{3}[0-9]? and the user enters AAA12345, AAA1 is returned as a matched string which is not an exact match of AAA12345.

If the greedy quantifier (*) is used against AAA12345 then the matched string will be AAA12345 and be an exact match.

SPP Glossary

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