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One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions 6.5.0 - REST API Reference Guide

Introduction Using the SPS REST API Basic settings User management and access control Managing SPS General connection settings HTTP connections Citrix ICA connections MSSQL connections RDP connections SSH connections Telnet connections VNC connections Search, download, and index sessions Reporting Health and maintenance Advanced authentication and authorization Completing the Welcome Wizard using REST Enable and configure analytics using REST

Private keys stored on SPS

To create a new private key, you have to POST the private key as a JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/private_keys endpoint. For details, see Create a new object. The body of the POST request must contain a JSON object with the parameters listed in Element . The response to a successful POST message is a JSON object that includes the reference ID of the created private key in its key attribute. You can reference this ID in other parts of the configuration. Note that you can use a private-key object for only one purpose, that is, you cannot reference one object twice.

URL
POST https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/private_keys
  • Note that the GET method is not permitted on this endpoint, you cannot list the existing private keys. However, if you know the reference ID of a private key, you can display its properties:

    GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/private_keys/<reference-ID-of-the-private-key;>
  • You cannot directly delete or modify a private key, the DELETE and PUT methods are not permitted on private key objects. To update a private key, create a new one, then update the object that uses the old private key to reference the new private key.

Table 5: Headers
Header name Description Required Values
Content-Type Specifies the type of the data sent. SPS uses the JSON format Required application/json
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.
Sample request

The following command creates a new private key object. Note the following requirements:

  • The key must be in PKCS-1 or PKCS-8 PEM format.

  • Encrypted private keys are not supported.

  • The body of the POST message must be the private key as a single line, enclosed in double-quotes.

  • Replace line-breaks in the PEM file with \n

curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/private_keys --data "-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----\nMIIEpAIBAAKCAQEAu3QMMhqeg9ZMLNfdvQoNN1deVRE2SR0VKY+ALnzPZF4fUoJy\n.....\nI2SchDibk/Xj/ZvuEQ23LvzayWOVVuVHtH3JZX3SU4Sa0vpaeC+3oddVTwQOWRq0\n ......... Qbn5W3xKz4vXDDQHEbEsvDQ9A7+uCEuHpO4s33IK9KEa0Zdp745AU0DSGXN4HFzc\n-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----\n"

Querying a specific key returns the following information about the key:

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/private_keys/<reference-ID-of-the-private-key;>
Element Type Description
public-key-fingerprint string The fingerprint of the public key that matches the private key.
digest string The fingerprint of the key, for example 2048 SHA256:JPKdfkT6wU9c11bbqX53hovDo7KbIB8OREfumUWDh9f no comment (RSA)
hash_algorithm string The hash algorithm used to create the fingerprint, for example, sha256.
type string The type of the private key. Must be rsa
Response

The response to a successful POST message is a JSON object that includes the reference ID of the created public key in its key attribute.

For details of the meta object, see Message format.

{
    "key": "faa96916-c85e-46ff-8697-f4cc5e596e7f",
    "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/private_keys/faa96916-c85e-46ff-8697-f4cc5e596e7f",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/private_keys",
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
    }
}

The response to querying a specific key is a JSON object that includes the parameters of the key, for example:

{
    "body": {
        "public-key-fingerprint": {
            "digest": "2048 SHA256:JPKdfkT6wU9c11bbqX53hovDo7KbIB8OREfumUWDh9f no comment (RSA)",
            "hash_algorithm": "sha256"
        },
        "type": "rsa"
    },
    "key": "6c4d1116-d79d-475b-bb37-9f844f085c14",
    "meta": {
        "first": "/api/configuration/private_keys/e5d13d18-07c5-43fa-89f4-c3d2ece17c71",
        "href": "/api/configuration/private_keys/6c4d1116-d79d-475b-bb37-9f844f085c14",
        "last": "/api/configuration/private_keys/6c4d1116-d79d-475b-bb37-9f844f085c14",
        "next": null,
        "parent": "/api/configuration/private_keys",
        "previous": "/api/configuration/private_keys/e5d13d18-07c5-43fa-89f4-c3d2ece17c71",
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
    }
Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

Code Description Notes
201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
400 SyntacticError Syntax error: Could not load PEM key: Unsupported private key format, only PKCS-1 and PKCS-8 is supported. Encrypted private keys are not supported.
401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
403 Unauthorized The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authorized to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.
405 MethodNotAllowed The method <method> is not allowed for this node.
Modify or delete private key

You cannot directly delete or modify a private key, the DELETE and PUT methods are not permitted on private key objects. To update a private key, create a new one, then update the object that uses the old private key to reference the new private key. After you commit the transaction, SPS will automatically delete the old private key.

Certificates stored on SPS

To create a new certificate, you have to POST the certificate and its private key as a JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/x509 endpoint. For details, see Create a new object. The body of the POST request must contain a JSON object with the parameters listed in Element . The response to a successful POST message is a JSON object that includes the reference ID of the created certificate in its key attribute. You can reference this ID in other parts of the configuration. Note that you can use a certificate object for only one purpose, that is, you cannot reference one object twice.

URL
POST https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/x509
  • Note that the GET method is not permitted on this endpoint, you cannot list the existing certificates. However, if you know the reference ID of a certificate, you can display its properties:

    GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/x509/<reference-ID-of-the-private-key;>
  • You cannot directly delete or modify a certificate, the DELETE and PUT methods are not permitted on certificate objects. To update a certificate, create a new one, then update the object that uses the old certificate to reference the new certificate.

Table 6: Headers
Header name Description Required Values
Content-Type Specifies the type of the data sent. SPS uses the JSON format Required application/json
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.
Sample request

The following command creates a new certificate object. Note the following requirements:

  • The key must be in PKCS-1 PEM format.

  • You need the certificate and the private key as well.

  • Encrypted private keys are not supported.

  • The attributes of the POST message that contain the certificate and the private key must be a single line, enclosed in double-quotes.

  • Replace line-breaks in the PEM certificate with \n

  • The certificate and the certificate chain must be valid, SPS will reject invalid certificates and invalid certificate chains.

    curl -X POST -H "Content-Type: application/json" --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/x509 --data '{"private_key": "-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----\nMIIEpAIBAAKCAQEAu3QMMhqeg9ZMLNfdvQoNN1deVRE2SR0VKY+ALnzPZF4fUoJy\n.....\nI2SchDibk/Xj/ZvuEQ23LvzayWOVVuVHtH3JZX3SU4Sa0vpaeC+3oddVTwQOWRq0\n ......... Qbn5W3xKz4vXDDQHEbEsvDQ9A7+uCEuHpO4s33IK9KEa0Zdp745AU0DSGXN4HFzc\n-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----\n"}'

    The body should be:

    {
        "certificate": "-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----\nMIIEpAIBAAKCAQEAu3QMMhqeg9ZMLNfdvQoNN1deVRE2SR0VKY+ALnzPZF4fUoJy\n.....\nI2SchDibk/Xj/ZvuEQ23LvzayWOVVuVHtH3JZX3SU4Sa0vpaeC+3oddVTwQOWRq0\n ......... Qbn5W3xKz4vXDDQHEbEsvDQ9A7+uCEuHpO4s33IK9KEa0Zdp745AU0DSGXN4HFzc\n-----END CERTIFICATE-----",
        "private_key": "-----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----\nMIIEpAIBAAKCAQEAu3QMMhqeg9ZMLNfdvQoNN1deVRE2SR0VKY+ALnzPZF4fUoJy\n.....\nI2SchDibk/Xj/ZvuEQ23LvzayWOVVuVHtH3JZX3SU4Sa0vpaeC+3oddVTwQOWRq0\n ......... Qbn5W3xKz4vXDDQHEbEsvDQ9A7+uCEuHpO4s33IK9KEa0Zdp745AU0DSGXN4HFzc\n-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----",
        "issuer_chain": []
    }
    Element Type Description

    certificate

    string

    The certificate in PKCS-1 PEM format (replace line-breaks with \n). For example:

    -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----\nMIIEpAIBAAKCAQEAu3QMMhqeg9ZMLNfdvQoNN1deVRE2SR0VKY+ALnzPZF4fUoJy\n.....\nI2SchDibk/Xj/ZvuEQ23LvzayWOVVuVHtH3JZX3SU4Sa0vpaeC+3oddVTwQOWRq0\n ......... Qbn5W3xKz4vXDDQHEbEsvDQ9A7+uCEuHpO4s33IK9KEa0Zdp745AU0DSGXN4HFzc\n-----END CERTIFICATE-----

    private_key

    string

    The private key of the certificate, without encryption or password protection (replace line-breaks with \n). For example:

    -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY-----\nMIIEpAIBAAKCAQEAu3QMMhqeg9ZMLNfdvQoNN1deVRE2SR0VKY+ALnzPZF4fUoJy\n.....\nI2SchDibk/Xj/ZvuEQ23LvzayWOVVuVHtH3JZX3SU4Sa0vpaeC+3oddVTwQOWRq0\n ......... Qbn5W3xKz4vXDDQHEbEsvDQ9A7+uCEuHpO4s33IK9KEa0Zdp745AU0DSGXN4HFzc\n-----END RSA PRIVATE KEY-----

    issuer_chain

    list

    A comma-separated list of the Certificate Authority (CA) certificates that can be used to validate the uploaded certificate.

    Querying a specific key returns the following information about the key:

    curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/x509/<reference-ID-of-the-private-key;>
    Element Type Description
    fingerprint string The fingerprint of the certificate.
    digest string The fingerprint of the certificate, for example ef:d3:8e:d0:81:4f:a2:8f:3b:8b:0c:dd:c7:8f:8c:7e
    hash_algorithm string The hash algorithm used to create the fingerprint, for example, sha256.
    subject string The subject string of the certificate.
    Response

    The response to a successful POST message is a JSON object that includes the reference ID of the created certificate in its key attribute.

    For details of the meta object, see Message format.

    {
        "key": "faa96916-c85e-46ff-8697-f4cc5e596e7f",
        "meta": {
            "href": "/api/configuration/x509/faa96916-c85e-46ff-8697-f4cc5e596e7f",
            "parent": "/api/configuration/x509",
            "transaction": "/api/transaction"
        }
    }

    The response to querying a specific certificate is a JSON object that includes the parameters of the certificate, for example:

    {
        "body": {
            "fingerprint": {
                "digest": "ef:d3:8e:d0:81:4f:a2:8f:3b:8b:0c:dd:c7:8f:8c:7e",
                "hash_algorithm": "md5"
            },
            "subject": "C=RO/ST=State/L=Locality/O=Organization/OU=OrganizationalUnit/CN=example.com/emailAddress=root@example.com"
        },
        "key": "6c4d1116-d79d-475b-bb37-9f844f085c14",
        "meta": {
            "first": "/api/configuration/x509/e5d13d18-07c5-43fa-89f4-c3d2ece17c71",
            "href": "/api/configuration/x509/6c4d1116-d79d-475b-bb37-9f844f085c14",
            "last": "/api/configuration/x509/6c4d1116-d79d-475b-bb37-9f844f085c14",
            "next": null,
            "parent": "/api/configuration/x509",
            "previous": "/api/configuration/x509/e5d13d18-07c5-43fa-89f4-c3d2ece17c71",
            "transaction": "/api/transaction"
        }
    Status and error codes

    The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

    Code Description Notes
    201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
    400 SyntacticError Syntax error: Could not load PEM key: Unsupported private key format, only PKCS-1 is supported. Encrypted private keys are not supported.
    401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
    403 Unauthorized The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authorized to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
    404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.
    405 MethodNotAllowed The method <method> is not allowed for this node.
    Modify or delete certificate

    You cannot directly delete or modify a certificate, the DELETE and PUT methods are not permitted on certificate objects. To update a certificate, create a new one, then update the object that uses the old certificate to reference the new certificate. After you commit the transaction, SPS will automatically delete the old certificate.

  • Local services: enabling SSH access to the SPS host

    Exclusively for troubleshooting purposes, you can access the SPS host using SSH. Completing the Welcome Wizard automatically disables SSH access to SPS. Re-enabling it allows you to connect remotely to the SPS host and login using the root user. The password of the root user is the one you provided in the Welcome Wizard.

    Caution:

    Accessing the One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) host directly using SSH is not recommended or supported, except for troubleshooting purposes. In such case, the One Identity Support Team will give you exact instructions on what to do to solve the problem.

    For security reasons, disable SSH access to SPS when it is not needed. For details, see "Enabling SSH access to the One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) host" in the Administration Guide.

    The following encryption algorithms are configured on the local SSH service of SPS:

    • Key exchange (KEX) algorithms:

      diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256
    • Ciphers:

      aes256-ctr,aes128-ctr
    • Message authentication codes:

      hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha2-256
    URL
    GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/local_services/ssh
    Cookies
    Cookie name Description Required Values
    session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

    The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

    Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

    Sample request

    The following command lists the configuration options.

    curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/local_services/ssh
    Response

    The following is a sample response received when listing the configuration options.

    For details of the meta object, see Message format.

    {
        "body": {
            "access_restriction": {
                "allowed_from": [
                    "10.40.0.48/24"
                ],
                "enabled": true
            },
            "allow_password_auth": true,
            "bruteforce_protection": true,
            "enabled": true,
            "listen": [
                {
                    "address": {
                        "key": "nic1.interfaces.ff7574025754b3df1647001.addresses.1",
                        "meta": {
                            "href": "/api/configuration/network/nics/nic1#interfaces/ff7574025754b3df1647001/addresses/1"
                        }
                    },
                    "port": 23
                }
            ],
            "public_keys": [
                {
                    "comment": "key-comment anothercomment",
                    "selection": "rsa",
                    "value": "AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQDTnisLCjZ3vONMXqFBIdvpZ0BY73+GdHpgoaL8YsydxJBsYg9dYTDzVVtYFVvdCVzBdcwCjyOuPwtZoYU3pLEFQ7OVoDUDPmVnl6idS/6tB2m89I5zdc02xUeCWTBpTGoOhNtc+YDmxPGZ1FQIpXCw0MT91jviWm3JydDd5YKINwvdTh8zsRT/702ZD9uZslwkQA/b2B9/hidCAkQkvs5H1B3o4laTd0JE9k90N+qbaQjVvoInr+jdXaWvrScwFVxZhb7Q1LvUL6oxW889bOWFMSa+/mnENarw6rpwfk9Ayi5uQQ2imY/tSnfgbS2RvIa1sKwUsJasDqN2lo/DuhON"
                }
            ]
        },
        "key": "ssh",
        "meta": {
            "first": "/api/configuration/local_services/admin_web",
            "href": "/api/configuration/local_services/ssh",
            "last": "/api/configuration/local_services/user_web",
            "next": "/api/configuration/local_services/user_web",
            "parent": "/api/configuration/local_services",
            "previous": "/api/configuration/local_services/snmp_agent",
            "transaction": "/api/transaction"
        }
    Element Type Description
    key string Top level element, contains the ID of the endpoint.
    body Top level element (string) Contains the configuration options of the SSH server.

    access_restriction

    JSON object

    Enables and configures limitations on the clients that can access the web interface, based on the IP address of the clients.

    allowed_from

    list

    The list of IP networks from where the administrators are permitted to access this management interface. To specify the IP addresses or networks, use the IPv4-Address/prefix format, for example, 10.40.0.0/16.

    enabled

    boolean

    Set it to true to restrict access to the specified client addresses.

    allow_password_auth boolean Enables password-based authentication, so administrators can remotely login to SPS. If this option is set to False, SPS ignores every other option of this endpoint.
    bruteforce_protection boolean Enables protection against brute-force attacks by denying access after failed login attempts for increasingly longer period. Enabled by default.
    enabled boolean Enables the SSH server, so administrators can remotely login to SPS. If this option is set to False, SPS ignores every other option of this endpoint.
    listen list Selects the network interface, IP address, and port where the clients can access the web interface.
    address JSON object

    A reference to a configured network interface and IP address where this local service accepts connections. For example, if querying the interface /api/configuration/network/nics/nic1#interfaces/ff7574025754b3df1647001/addresses/ returns the following response:

    {
        "body": {
            "interfaces": {
                "@order": [
                    "ff7574025754b3df1647001"
                ],
                "ff7574025754b3df1647001": {
                    "addresses": {
                        "1": "10.40.255.171/24",
                        "@order": [
                            "1"
                        ]
                    },
                    "name": "default",
                    "vlantag": 0
                }
            },
            "name": "eth0",
            "speed": "auto"
        },
        "key": "nic1",
        "meta": {
            "first": "/api/configuration/network/nics/nic1",
            "href": "/api/configuration/network/nics/nic1",
            "last": "/api/configuration/network/nics/nic3",
            "next": "/api/configuration/network/nics/nic2",
            "parent": "/api/configuration/network/nics",
            "previous": null,
            "transaction": "/api/transaction"
        }
        }

    Then the listening address of the local service is the following.

    nic1.interfaces.ff7574025754b3df1647001.addresses.1

    This is the format you have to use when configuring the address of the local service using REST:

    "address": "nic1.interfaces.ff7574025754b3df1647001.addresses.1"

    When querying a local services endpoint, the response will contain a reference to the IP address of the interface in the following format:

    "address": {
        "key": "nic1.interfaces.ff7574025754b3df1647001.addresses.1",
        "meta": {
            "href": "/api/configuration/network/nics/nic1#interfaces/ff7574025754b3df1647001/addresses/1"
        }
        },
    port integer

    The port number where this local service accepts connections.

    public_keys list

    Lists the public keys that can be used to authenticate on SPS. For example:

    "public_keys": [
            {
                "comment": "user@example.com anothercomment",
                "key": {
                    "selection": "rsa",
                    "value": "AADDB3NzaC1yc2EABBADAQA......./DuhON"
                }
            },
            {
                "comment": "username@example.com",
                "key": {
                    "selection": "rsa",
                    "value": "ASFDFAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAASdfASF/EuQh9zc2umxX...dU="
                }
            }
        ]

    One Identity recommends using 2048-bit RSA keys (or stronger).

    Elements of public_keys Type Description
    comment string

    Comments of the public key.

    key JSON object

    Contains the type of the key and the key itself. For example:

    "key": {
        "selection": "rsa",
        "value": "ASFDFAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAABIwAAASdfASF/EuQh9zc2umxX...dU="
    }
    selection rsa

    The type of the public key. Must be rsa.

    value string

    The public key itself.

    Status and error codes

    The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

    Code Description Notes
    401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
    403 Unauthorized The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authorized to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
    404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.

    RPC API

    The SPS RPC API allows you to access, query, and manage SPS from remote applications. You can access the API using the Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) protocol over HTTPS, meaning that you can use any programming language that has access to a SOAP client to integrate SPS to your environment.

    URL
    GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/management/soap
    Cookies
    Cookie name Description Required Values
    session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

    The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

    Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

    Sample request

    The following command lists the RPC API settings.

    curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/management/soap
    Response

    The following is a sample response received when listing the RPC API settings.

    For details of the meta object, see Message format.

    {
      "body": {
        "enabled": true
      },
      "key": "soap",
      "meta": {
        "first": "/api/configuration/management/certificates",
        "href": "/api/configuration/management/soap",
        "last": "/api/configuration/management/webinterface",
        "next": "/api/configuration/management/syslog",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/management",
        "previous": "/api/configuration/management/snmp",
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
      }
    }
    Element Type Description
    key string Top level element, contains the ID of the endpoint.
    body Top level element (string) Contains the RPC API configuration options.
    enabled boolean Set to true to enable the RPC API.
    Modify RPC API settings

    To modify the RPC API settings, you have to:

    1. Open a transaction.

      For details, see Open a transaction.

    2. Modify the JSON object of the endpoint.

      PUT the modified JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/management/soap endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Element .

    3. Commit your changes.

      For details, see Commit a transaction.

    Status and error codes

    The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

    Code Description Notes
    201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
    401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
    403 Unauthorized The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authorized to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
    404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.
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