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One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions 6.5.0 - REST API Reference Guide

Introduction Using the SPS REST API Basic settings User management and access control Managing SPS General connection settings HTTP connections Citrix ICA connections MSSQL connections RDP connections SSH connections Telnet connections VNC connections Search, download, and index sessions Reporting Health and maintenance Advanced authentication and authorization Completing the Welcome Wizard using REST Enable and configure analytics using REST

RDP channels

The available RDP channel types and their functionalities are described below. For details on configuring channel policies, see Channel policy.

Channel Special options Description
#drawing Yes

Drawing: Enables access to the server's graphical desktop (screen). This channel must be enabled for RDP to work.

Channel-specific actions:

  • content_policy reference: The ID of the Content policy to apply to the connection.

For example:

"actions": {
  "audit": true,
  "content_policy": {
    "key": "433849548566ab327522e6"
  },
  "four_eyes": false,
  "ids": false
}
cliprdr None Clipboard: Enable access to the server's clipboard: the clipboard of the remote desktop can be pasted into local applications (and vice-versa). Note that SPS can audit the clipboard channel, but cannot search or display its contents.
rdpdr Yes

Redirects: Enables access to every device redirections available in RDP, like file-sharing, printer sharing, device (for example CD-ROM) sharing, and so on. To enable only a specific type of redirection, use the specific channels instead (for example, rdpdr-serial for serial device redirection).

Channel-specific actions:

  • log_transfer_to_db (true|false): Make the list of file operations available in the Search > File operations column of the SPS web interface

  • log_transfer_to_syslog (true|false): Send the file operations into the system log

Channel-specific access control rules:

  • devices (list): To permit only specific redirections, list the unique name of the redirection in this field. Leave it empty to permit access to every redirection available.

rdpsnd None

Sound: Enable access to the sound device of the server.

customs Yes

Custom: Applications can open custom channels to the clients connecting remotely to the server. Enabling the Custom channel allows the clients to access all of these custom channels. To permit only specific channels, list the unique names of the channels into the customs field.

For example, to monitor RemoteApp connections, you need to configure custom channels. For more information, see "Configuring RemoteApps" in the Administration Guide.

Channel-specific access control rules:

  • customs (list): To permit only specific custom channels, list the unique name of the channels in this field. Leave it empty to permit access to every custom channel available.

seamrdp None Seamless: Enable seamless channels that run a single application on the RDP server, instead of accessing the entire desktop.
drdynvc Yes

Dynamic virtual channel: Enable the server to open channels back to the client dynamically. Enabling this channel allows access to all of such dynamic channels. To restrict which dynamic channels are permitted, list the unique names of the channels into the drdynvcs field.

Channel-specific access control rules:

  • drdynvcs (list): To restrict which dynamic channels are permitted, list the unique names of the channels in this field. Leave it empty to permit access to every dynamic channel available.

rdpdr-serial Yes

Serial redirect: Enables access to serial-port redirections. To restrict access to specific redirections, list the unique names of the channels in the devices field.

Channel-specific access control rules:

  • devices (list): To permit only specific redirections, list the unique name of the redirection in this field. Leave it empty to permit access to every redirection available.

rdpdr-parallel Yes

Parallel redirect: Enables access to parallel-port redirections. To restrict access to specific redirections, list the unique names of the channels in the devices field.

Channel-specific access control rules:

  • devices (list): To permit only specific redirections, list the unique name of the redirection in this field. Leave it empty to permit access to every redirection available.

rdpdr-printer Yes

Printer redirect: Enables access to printer-port redirections. To restrict access to specific redirections, list the unique names of the channels in the devices field.

Channel-specific access control rules:

  • devices (list): To permit only specific redirections, list the unique name of the redirection in this field. Leave it empty to permit access to every redirection available.

rdpdr-disk Yes

Disk redirect: Enables access to shared disk drives. To restrict access to specific redirections, list the unique names of the channels in the devices field, for example:

"devices": [
  "C:"
                        

Channel-specific actions:

  • log_transfer_to_db (true|false): Make the list of file operations available in the Search > File operations column of the SPS web interface

  • log_transfer_to_syslog (true|false): Send the file operations into the system log

Channel-specific access control rules:

  • devices (list): To permit only specific redirections, list the unique name of the redirection in this field. Leave it empty to permit access to every redirection available.

rdpdr-scard Yes

SCard redirect:Enables access to shared SCard devices. To restrict access to specific redirections, list the unique names of the channels in the devices field, for example:

Channel-specific access control rules:

  • devices (list): To permit only specific redirections, list the unique name of the redirection in this field. Leave it empty to permit access to every redirection available.

Configuring domain membership

To use Credential Security Service Provider (CredSSP, also called Network Level Authentication or NLA) when One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) is member of the domain. If you cannot or do not want to join SPS to the domain, see "Network Level Authentication without domain membership" in the Administration Guide.

Prerequisites

The target servers and SPS must be in the same domain, or you must establish trust between the domains that contain the target servers and SPS. For details on the type of trust required, see "Using One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions (SPS) across multiple domains" in the Administration Guide.

The SPS configuration API allows you to view, disable, or modify the domain membership configuration. To join the configured domain, you have to use the web interface of SPS.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/rdp/domain_membership
Cookies
Cookie name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists the configuration options for domain membership.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/rdp/domain_membership
Response

The following is a sample response received when querying the domain membership configuration.

For details of the meta object, see Message format.

{
  "body": {
    "domain": "testdomain",
    "enabled": true,
    "realm": "testdomain.api.test"
  },
  "key": "domain_membership",
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/rdp/channel_policies",
    "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/domain_membership",
    "last": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies",
    "next": "/api/configuration/rdp/options",
    "parent": "/api/configuration/rdp",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/rdp/channel_policies",
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}
Element Type Description
key string Top level element, contains the ID of the endpoint.
body Top level element (string) Contains the domain membership configuration.
domain string

The name of the domain.

Must be used if enabled is set to true.

enabled boolean Set to true to configure domain membership.
realm string

Name of the realm.

Must be used if enabled is set to true.

Examples:

Configure domain membership for the "test" domain on the "config.api" realm:

{
  "domain": "test",
  "enabled": true,
  "realm": "test.config.api"
}

Disable domain membership.

{
  "enabled": false
}
Modify domain membership settings

To modify domain membership settings, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Modify the JSON object of the domain membership configuration.

    PUT the modified JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/rdp/domain_embership/ endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Element .

  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

Code Description Notes
201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
403 Unauthorized The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authorized to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.

Global RDP options

List of options that affect all RDP connections.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/rdp/options
Cookies
Cookie name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists global RDP options.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/rdp/options
Response

The following is a sample response received when listing global RDP options.

For details of the meta object, see Message format.

{
  "body": {
    "audit": {
      "cleanup": {
        "enabled": false
      },
      "timestamping": {
        "selection": "local",
        "signing_interval": 30
      }
    },
    "service": {
      "enabled": true,
      "log_level": 4
    }
  },
  "key": "options",
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/rdp/channel_policies",
    "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/options",
    "last": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies",
    "next": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies",
    "parent": "/api/configuration/rdp",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/rdp/domain_membership",
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}
Element Type Description
key Top level item Contains the ID of the endpoint.
body Top level item Contains the elements of the global RDP options.
audit Top level item Contains settings for timestamping and cleanup.
service Top level item Global setting to enable RDP connections, and specify the logging detail.
enabled boolean Set to true to enable RDP connections.
log_level int Defines the logging detail of RDP connections.
Elements of audit Type Description
cleanup Top level item Global retention settings for RDP connection metadata. To configure retention time for a specific connection policy, use the archive_cleanup_policy element at the endpoint of the policy instead.
channel_database_cleanup_days int Global retention time for the metadata of RDP connections, in days. Must exceed the retention time of the archiving policy (or policies) used for RDP connections, and the connection-specific database cleanup times (if configured).
enabled boolean To enable the global cleanup of RDP connection metadata, set this element to true.
timestamping Top level item Global timestamping settings for RDP connections.
selection string

Configures local or remote timestamping.

  • Set local to use SPS for timestamping.

  • Set remote to configure a remote timestamping server.

server_url string

Required for remote timestamping.

The URL of the timestamping server. Note that HTTPS and password-protected connections are not supported.

oid Top level item The Object Identifier of the policy used for timestamping.
enabled boolean

Required for remote timestamping.

Set to true to configure the Object Identifier of the timestamping policy on the timestamping remote server.

policy_oid string

Required if the oid is enabled.

The Object Identifier of the timestamping policy on the remote timestamping server.

signing_interval int Time interval for timestamping open connections, in seconds.
Examples:

Set SPS as the timestamping server:

{
  "audit": {
    "cleanup": {
      "enabled": false
    },
    "timestamping": {
      "selection": "local",
      "signing_interval": 30
    }
  },
  "service": {
    "enabled": true,
    "log_level": 4
  }
}

Enable cleanup, and set it to occur every 10 days:

{
  "audit": {
    "cleanup": {
      "channel_database_cleanup_days": 10,
      "enabled": true
    },
    "timestamping": {
      "selection": "local",
      "signing_interval": 30
    }
  },
  "service": {
    "enabled": true,
    "log_level": 4
  }
}

Change timestamping to a remote server, without specifying a timestamping policy:

{
  "audit": {
    "cleanup": {
      "channel_database_cleanup_days": 10,
      "enabled": true
    },
    "timestamping": {
        "oid": {
          "enabled": false
        },
        "selection": "remote",
        "server_url": "<url-of-timestamping-server>",
        "signing_interval": 30
      }
  },
  "service": {
    "enabled": true,
    "log_level": 4
  }
}

Change timestamping to a remote server, and specify the 1.2.3 timestamping policy:

{
  "audit": {
    "cleanup": {
      "channel_database_cleanup_days": 10,
      "enabled": true
    },
    "timestamping": {
        "oid": {
          "enabled": true,
          "policy_oid": "1.2.3"
        },
        "selection": "remote",
        "server_url": "<url-of-timestamping-server>",
        "signing_interval": 30
      }
  },
  "service": {
    "enabled": true,
    "log_level": 4
  }
}
Modify global RDP settings

To modify global RDP settings, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Modify the JSON object of the global RDP settings endpoint.

    PUT the modified JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/rdp/options endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Element . The elements of the audit item are described in Elements of audit.

  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

Code Description Notes
201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
403 Unauthorized The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authorized to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.

RDP settings policies

RDP settings policies define protocol-level settings (timeout, display, protocol version, and authentication). You can create multiple policies, and choose the appropriate one for each RDP connection.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies
Cookies
Cookie name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists RDP settings policies.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies

The following command retrieves the properties of a specific policy.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/<policy-id>
Response

The following is a sample response received when listing RDP settings policies.

For details of the meta object, see Message format.

{
  "items": [
    {
      "key": "-301",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/-301"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "-303",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/-303"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "13298899495727c51f725cf",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/13298899495727c51f725cf"
      }
    }
  ],
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/rdp/channel_policies",
    "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies",
    "last": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies",
    "next": null,
    "parent": "/api/configuration/rdp",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/rdp/options",
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}

When retrieving the endpoint of a specific policy, the response is the following.

{
  "body": {
    "autologon_domain_suffix": "-AUTO",
    "name": "API_test",
    "timeout": 600,
    "inactivity_timeout": {
      "enabled": true
      "value": 13000
    },
    "permit_unreliable_usernames": true,
    "preconnect_channel_check": true,
    "protocol_features": {
      "nla": {
        "enabled": true,
        "require_domain_membership": true
      },
      "rdp4_auth_enabled": true,
      "rdp4_enabled": true,
      "rdp5_enabled": true
    },
    "screen": {
      "maximum_bpp": 32,
      "maximum_height": 2000,
      "maximum_width": 2000
    },
    "timeout": 600,
    "userauth_banner": "Click 'OK' to log in."
  },
  "key": "13298899495727c51f725cf",
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/-301",
    "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/13298899495727c51f725cf",
    "last": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/13298899495727c51f725cf",
    "next": null,
    "parent": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/-303",
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}
Element Type Description
key string Top level element, contains the ID of the policy.
body Top level element (string) The elements of the RDP settings policy.
autologon_domain_suffix string Enter the suffix that the client will append to the domain when using autologon in conjunction with Network Level Authentication (CredSSP).
name string Name of the RDP settings policy. Cannot contain whitespace.
permit_unreliable_usernames boolean Set to true to automatically terminate RDP connections if SPS cannot reliably extract the username.
preconnect_channel_check boolean

Before establishing the server-side connection, SPS can evaluate the connection and channel policies to determine if the connection might be permitted at all. The server-side connection is established only if the evaluated policies permit the client to access the server.

To enable this function, set the parameter to true.

protocol_features Top level item Settings for RDP protocol versions, and Network Layer Authentication.
screen Top level item Display size and depth settings.
timeout int Connection timeout, in seconds.
inactivity_timeout Top level element
enabled boolean
  • true: If no user activity is detected, it terminates the session after the configured time has passed since the last user activity.
  • false: No user inactivity timeout.
value int

Only if enabled is true

The value of user activity timeout. Must be greater than or equal to the value of timeout

 

userauth_banner

string

You can display a banner message to the clients before authentication.

Elements of protocol Type Description
nla Top level item Settings for Network Level Authentication.
enabled boolean

Set to true to enable Network Level Authentication.

If set to true, the require_domain_membership element is required in the JSON.

require_domain_membership boolean

Set to true to require domain membership.

Must be in the JSON if NLA is enabled.

rdp4_auth_enabled boolean Set to true to enable RDP4 authentication within the RDP5 protocol. This might be needed for compatibility reasons with certain client applications.
rdp4_enabled boolean Set to true to enable the version 4 of the Remote Desktop Protocol.
rdp5_enabled boolean

Set to true to enable the version 5 of the Remote Desktop Protocol.

To also configure SSL-encryption for RDP5, enable the nla element, or configure a Signing CA in your connection policies.

Elements of screen Type Description
maximum_bpp int The maximum allowed color depth of the remote desktop, in bits. The following values are valid: 8, 15, 16, 24.
maximum_height int The maximum allowed height of the remote desktop, in pixels.
maximum_width int The maximum allowed width of the remote desktop, in pixels.
Examples:

Turn off NLA.

{
  "autologon_domain_suffix": "-AUTO",
  "name": "API_test",
  "permit_unreliable_usernames": true,
  "preconnect_channel_check": true,
  "protocol_features": {
    "nla": {
      "enabled": false
    },
    "rdp4_auth_enabled": true,
    "rdp4_enabled": true,
    "rdp5_enabled": true
  },
  "screen": {
    "maximum_bpp": 24,
    "maximum_height": 2000,
    "maximum_width": 2000
  },
  "timeout": 600
}

Configure NLA.

{
  "autologon_domain_suffix": "-AUTO",
  "name": "API_test",
  "permit_unreliable_usernames": true,
  "preconnect_channel_check": true,
  "protocol_features": {
    "nla": {
      "enabled": true,
      "require_domain_membership": false
    },
    "rdp4_auth_enabled": true,
    "rdp4_enabled": true,
    "rdp5_enabled": true
  },
  "screen": {
    "maximum_bpp": 24,
    "maximum_height": 2000,
    "maximum_width": 2000
  },
  "timeout": 600
 }
Add RDP settings policies

To add a settings policy, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Create the JSON object for the new policy.

    POST the JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/ endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in the table of RDP settings policy parameters.

    If the POST request is successful, the response includes the key of the new policy. For example:

    {
      "key": "9c3a0419-53e6-43a4-902c-2b3b0ce7a7a7",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/9c3a0419-53e6-43a4-902c-2b3b0ce7a7a7",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies",
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
      }
    }
  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Modify RDP settings policies

To modify a settings policy, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Modify the JSON object of the policy.

    PUT the modified JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/rdp/settings_policies/<key-of-the-object> endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in the table of RDP settings policy parameters.

  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

Code Description Notes
201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
400

Bad Request

"message": "RDP Settings Policy 'API_test': SPS must be a domain member to allow enabling Network Level Authentication."

You have set require_domain_membership to true, but SPS is not the member of a domain.

401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
403 Unauthorized The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authorized to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.
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