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One Identity Safeguard for Privileged Sessions 6.5.0 - REST API Reference Guide

Introduction Using the SPS REST API Basic settings User management and access control Managing SPS General connection settings HTTP connections Citrix ICA connections MSSQL connections RDP connections SSH connections Telnet connections VNC connections Search, download, and index sessions Reporting Health and maintenance Advanced authentication and authorization Completing the Welcome Wizard using REST Enable and configure analytics using REST

SSH connections

Topics:

SSH connections

List of endpoints for configuring the policies, options and connection rules of SSH connections.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh
Cookies
Cookie name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists the available settings for configuring for SSH connections.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh
Response

The following is a sample response received when listing the configuration settings.

For details of the meta object, see Message format.

{
  "items": [
    {
      "key": "authentication_policies",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/authentication_policies"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "channel_policies",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/channel_policies"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "connections",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "options",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/options"
      }
    },
    {
      "key": "settings_policies",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/settings_policies"
      }
    }
  ],
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/aaa",
    "href": "/api/configuration/ssh",
    "last": "/api/configuration/x509",
    "next": "/api/configuration/telnet",
    "parent": "/api/configuration",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/reporting",
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}
Item Description
authentication_policies List of the default and custom authentication policies.
channel_policies List of the default and custom channel policies.
connections List of connection policies.
options List of global SSH options that affect all connections.
settings_policies List of protocol-level settings (algorithms, greetings and banners, timeout). You can create multiple variations, and choose the appropriate one for each connection policy.
Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

Code Description Notes
401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
403 Unauthorized The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authorized to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.

SSH connection policies

Connection policies determine if a server can be accessed from a particular client. Connection policies reference other resources (policies, usergroups, keys) that must be configured and available before creating a connection policy.

URL
GET https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh/connections/
Cookies
Cookie name Description Required Values
session_id Contains the authentication token of the user Required

The value of the session ID cookie received from the REST server in the authentication response, for example, a1f71d030e657634730b9e887cb59a5e56162860. For details on authentication, see Authenticate to the SPS REST API.

Note that this session ID refers to the connection between the REST client and the SPS REST API. It is not related to the sessions that SPS records (and which also have a session ID, but in a different format).

Sample request

The following command lists SSH connection policies.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh/connections/

The following command retrieves the properties of a specific policy.

curl --cookie cookies https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh/connections/<connection-key>
Response

The following is a sample response received when listing SSH connection policies.

For details of the meta object, see Message format.

{
  "items": [
    {
      "key": "8348340645707e2575e3c6",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections/8348340645707e2575e3c6"
      }
    }
  ],
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/ssh/authentication_policies",
    "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections",
    "last": "/api/configuration/ssh/settings_policies",
    "next": "/api/configuration/ssh/options",
    "parent": "/api/configuration/ssh",
    "previous": "/api/configuration/ssh/channel_policies",
    "remaining_seconds": 600,
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}

When retrieving the endpoint of a specific SSH connection policy, the response is the following.

{
  "body": {
    "access_control": [
      {
        "authorizer": "reporting",
        "permission": "audit_and_authorize",
        "require_different_ip": true,
        "require_different_username": true,
        "subject": {
          "selection": "everybody"
        }
      }
    ],
    "active": true,
    "channel_database_cleanup": {
      "days": 550,
      "enabled": true
    },
    "client_side_hostkey": {
      "plain_hostkey": {
        "dsa_key": null,
        "enabled": true,
        "rsa_key": {
          "key": "e5a58682-6189-4477-9415-67c1c9b20b0d",
          "meta": {
            "href": "/api/configuration/private_keys/e5a58682-6189-4477-9415-67c1c9b20b0d"
          }
        }
      },
      "x509_hostkey": {
        "enabled": false
      }
    },
    "indexing": {
      "enabled": true,
      "policy": {
        "key": "-50000",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/indexing/-50000"
        }
      },
      "priority": 2
    },
    "log_audit_trail_downloads": true,
    "name": "API_test_SSH",
    "network": {
      "clients": [
        "0.0.0.0/24"
      ],
      "ports": [
        22
      ],
      "targets": [
        "192.168.56.102/24"
      ]
    },
    "policies": {
      "aa_plugin": null,
      "analytics_policy": null,
      "archive_cleanup_policy": {
        "key": "1854671967571b9063c4c82",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/archive_cleanup_policies/1854671967571b9063c4c82"
        }
      },
      "audit_policy": {
        "key": "78101850949e47437dd91d",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/audit_policies/78101850949e47437dd91d"
        }
      },
      "authentication_policy": {
        "key": "1895203635707e3340262f",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/authentication_policies/1895203635707e3340262f"
        }
      },
      "backup_policy": {
        "key": "512524636571b903540804",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/backup_policies/512524636571b903540804"
        }
      },
      "channel_policy": {
        "key": "-10000",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/channel_policies/-10000"
        }
      },
      "credential_store": {
        "key": "505008562571b936560254",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/credentialstores/505008562571b936560254"
        }
      },
      "ldap_server": {
        "key": "250588254571b931066482",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/ldap_servers/250588254571b931066482"
        }
      },
      "settings": {
        "key": "-300",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/settings_policies/-300"
        }
      },
      "usermapping_policy": {
        "key": "9328731525704545f5e3de",
        "meta": {
          "href": "/api/configuration/policies/usermapping_policies/9328731525704545f5e3de"
        }
      }
    },
    "rate_limit": {
      "enabled": true,
      "value": 200
    },
    "server_address": {
      "selection": "original"
    },
    "server_side_hostkey": {
      "plain_hostkey": {
        "enabled": true,
        "hostkey_check": "accept-first-time"
      },
      "x509_hostkey": {
        "enabled": false
      }
    },
    "source_address": {
      "custom_dns": {
        "enabled": false
      },
      "selection": "box_address"
    },
    "web_gateway_authentication": {
      "enabled": true,
      "groups": [
        "reporting"
      ],
      "require_same_ip": true
    }
  },
  "key": "8348340645707e2575e3c6",
  "meta": {
    "first": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections/8348340645707e2575e3c6",
    "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections/8348340645707e2575e3c6",
    "last": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections/8348340645707e2575e3c6",
    "next": null,
    "parent": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections",
    "previous": null,
    "transaction": "/api/transaction"
  }
}
Element Type Description
key string Top level element, contains the ID of the connection policy.
body Top level element (string) The elements of the connection policy.
access_control Top level list

Collection of access policies. Access policies define who can authorize and audit a connection.

active boolean Set to false to suspend the connection policy. Connection settings are preserved.
channel_database_cleanup Top level item Configures cleanup of the connection metadata on the connection policy's level.
days int

Retention time, in days. Must not exceed the retention time of the archive_cleanup_policy, and the retention time configured in the global settings of the protocol.

The global settings of the SSH protocol are available at the api/configuration/ssh/options endpoint.

enabled boolean Set to true to enable periodical cleanup of the connection metadata.
indexing Top level item Configures indexing for the connection policy.
enabled boolean Set to true to enable indexing the connections.
policy string

References the identifier of the indexing policy. You can configure indexing policies at the /api/configuration/policies/indexing/ endpoint.

To modify or add an indexing policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the policy element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

priority int

Specifies the indexing priority for the connection. Possible values are:

  • 5

    Very low priority.

  • 4

    Low priority.

  • 3

    Normal (default) priority.

  • 2

    High priority.

  • 1

    Very high priority.

  • 0

    Near real-time priority.

log_audit_trail_downloads boolean

Set to true to log audit trail downloads.

name string The name of the connection policy.
network
clients list, string List of client ("from") IP addresses.
ports list, integers List of target ports.
targets list, string List of target IP addresses.
override_log_level Top level item

Specifies the verbosity level of sessions handled by this connection policy. The log level of other connection policies is not affected. If disabled, the log level set at the /api/configuration/<protocol>/options endpoint is used.

  • To use the default log level, disable this option:

    "override_log_level": {
        "enabled": false
    },
  • To use a custom log level for the connection policy, enable this option and set the log level to use:

    "override_log_level": {
        "enabled": true,
        "log_level": 5
    },
policies Top level item List of policies referenced by the connection policy.
aa_plugin string

References the identifier of the AA plug-in. You can configure AA plug-ins at the /api/configuration/plugins/aa/ endpoint.

To modify or add an AA plug-in, use the value of the returned key as the value of the aa_plugin element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

analytics_policy string

References the identifier of the analytics policy. You can configure analytics policies at the /api/configuration/analytics/ endpoint.

To add or modify an analytics policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the analytics element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

archive_cleanup_policy string

References the identifier of the archive/cleanup policy. You can configure archive and cleanup policies at the /api/configuration/policies/archive_cleanup_policies/ endpoint.

To modify or add an archive/cleanup policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the archive_cleanup_policy element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

audit_policy string

Cannot be null.

References the identifier of the audit policy. You can configure audit policies at the /api/configuration/policies/audit_policies/ endpoint.

To modify or add an audit policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the audit_policy element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

authentication_policy string

Cannot be null.

References the identifier of the authentication policy. You can configure authentication policies at the /api/configuration/ssh/authentication_policies/ endpoint.

To modify or add an authentication policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the authentication_policy element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

backup_policy string

References the identifier of the backup policy. You can configure backup policies at the /api/configuration/policies/backup_policies/ endpoint.

To modify or add a backup policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the backup_policy element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

channel_policy string

References the identifier of the channel policy. The value of this option cannot be null.

To modify or add a channel policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the channel_policy element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

You can configure SSH channel policies at the /api/configuration/ssh/channel_policies/ endpoint.

credential_store string

References the identifier of the credential store.

You can configure credential stores at the /api/configuration/policies/credentialstores/ endpoint.

To modify or add a credential store, use the value of the returned key as the value of the credential_store element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

ldap_server string

References the identifier of the LDAP server. You can configure LDAP servers at the /api/configuration/policies/ldap_servers/ endpoint.

To modify or add an LDAP server, use the value of the returned key as the value of the ldap_server element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

settings string

References the identifier of the settings policy. The value of this option cannot be null.

To modify or add a settings policy for this protocol, use the value of the returned key as the value of the settings element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

You can configure SSH settings policies at the /api/configuration/ssh/settings_policies/ endpoint.

usermapping_policy string

References the identifier of a Usermapping Policy. You can configure Usermapping Policies at the /api/configuration/policies/usermapping_policies/ endpoint.

To modify or add a Usermapping Policy, use the value of the returned key as the value of the usermapping_policies element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

rate_limit Top level element Connection rate limit.
enabled boolean Set to true to provide a connection rate limit.
value int The number of connections (per minute) that are allowed in the connection policy.
server_address Top level item Defines the address where the clients connect to.
server_side_hostkey Top level element

Settings for verifying the server's identity using plain hostkeys and X.509 host certificates.

At least one of the options (plain_hostkey or X509_hostkey) must be enabled.

source_address Top level element Allows you to configure Source Network Address Translation (SNAT) on the server side of SPS. SNAT determines the IP address SPS uses in the server-side connection. The target server will see the connection coming from this address.
selection string

Configures Source Network Address Translation. Possible values are:

  • box_address

    Default. Uses the network address of the logical interface of SPS.

  • original

    Uses the IP address of the client, as seen by SPS.

  • fix

    Uses a fixed address when connecting to the remote server.

    Must be used with the address element.

address string

Must be used if the value of the selection element is set to fix.

The IP address to use as the source address in server-side connections.

web_gateway_authentication Top level item When gateway authentication is required for a connection, the user must authenticate on SPS as well. This additional authentication can be performed out-of-band on the SPS web interface for every protocol.
enabled boolean Set to true to enable additional gateway authentication on the SPS web interface.
groups list, string

By default, any user can perform gateway authentication for the connections. You can restrict authentication to members of specific usergroups. Define the usergroups at the /api/configuration/aaa/local_database/groups/ endpoint, and list the name of each group here.

require_same_ip boolean Set to true to only accept web gateway authentication from the same host that initiated the connection.
Elements of access_control Type Description
authorizer string

The usergroup (local or LDAP) who can authorize or audit the connection.

Local usergroups can be added or modified at the /api/configuration/aaa/local_database/groups/ endpoint.

permission string

Defines the permissions of the authorizer usergroup. Possible values are:

  • audit

    The usergroup with the audit permission can monitor ongoing connections, and download the audit trails of a closed and indexed connection.

  • authorize

    The usergroup with the authorize permission can authorize connection requests.

  • audit_and_authorize

    The usergroup with the audit_and_authorize permission can authorize connection requests, monitor connections, and download the audit trail of closed and indexed connections.

require_different_ip boolean Set to true to require the authorizing user and its subject to have different IP addresses.
require_different_username boolean Set to true to require the authorizing user and its subject to have different usernames.
subject Top level item Defines the subjects of the access control policy.
group string

The usergroup (local or LDAP) that is subject to the access control policy.

Local usergroups can be added or modified at the /api/configuration/aaa/local_database/groups/ endpoint.

selection string

Possible values:

  • everybody

    Every user is subject to the access control policy.

  • only

    Requires the group element.

    Members of the usergroup specified in the group element are subject to the access control policy.

Elements of client_side_hostkey Type Description
plain_hostkey Top level item

Configures the RSA key SPS shows to the clients.

rsa_key string

References the identifier of the RSA key. You can add RSA keys at the /api/configuration/private_keys/ endpoint.

To modify or add an RSA key, use the value of the returned key as the value of the rsa_key element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

x509_hostkey Top level item Configures the X.509 keys SPS shows to the clients.
enabled boolean

Set to true to allow presenting X.509 hostkeys to clients.

You must enable either plain_hostkey or x509_hostkey (or both).

x509 Top level item Parameters for X.509 hostkeys.
selection string

Possible values:

  • fix

    Presents the same certificate for every connection.

    Must be used with the x509_identity element.

  • generate

    Generates a X.509 certificate for the connection policy.

    Must be used with the signing_CA element.

signing_ca string

Must be used when generating the X.509 certificate.

References the signing Certificate Authority (CA). You can configure signing CAs at the /api/configuration/policies/signing_cas/ endpoint.

To modify or add a signing CA, use the value of the returned key as the value of the rsa_key element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

x509_identity string

Must be used when using the same X.509 host certificate across connection policies.

References the identifier of the X.509 certificate stored on SPS. You can configure certificates at the /api/configuration/x509/ endpoint.

To modify or add an X.509 host certificate, use the value of the returned key as the value of the x509_identity element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

Elements of server_address Type Description
custom_dns string

Configures a DNS server that is used to reverse-resolve the hostname if the Channel Policy contains the address of the target as a hostname instead of an IP address. By default, this is disabled and SPS uses the DNS server set in the /api/configuration/network/dns endpoint.

  • To use the default DNS, disable this option:

    "server_address": {
        "custom_dns": {
            "enabled": false
        },
        ...
    },
  • To use a custom DNS, enable this option and set the IP address of the domain name server to use:

    "server_address": {
        "custom_dns": {
            "enabled": true,
            "server": "192.168.1.1"
        },
        ...
    },
selection string

Configures the address where the clients connect to. Possible values are:

  • original

    Connect to the same address specified by the client.

  • nat

    Perform a network address translation on the target address.

    Must be used with the network element.

  • fix

    Must be used with the address and port elements.

  • inband

    Extract the address of the server from the username.

    Must be used with the domains element.

    Optional elements: exception_domains, dns_server, and dns_suffixes.

network string

Must be used if selection is set to nat.

The target address in IP/prefix format. Example: "10.20.30.40/24".

address string

Must be used if selection is set to fix.

The IP address of the target server.

port int

Must be used if selection is set to fix.

The port of the target server.

domains Top level list

Must be used if selection is set to inband.

domain Top level item Lists the address ranges that are included in the connection policy.
selection string

Specifies if the target address range is provided as a domain or as an IP range. Possible values are:

  • address

    The value of the target address is an IP range.

  • domain

    The value of the target address is a domain.

value string

The address range of the target server(s).

Use the selection element to specify if the address is an IP range, or a domain.

port int The port of the targer server(s).
exception_domains Top level list

Can only be used if selection is set to inband.

Lists the address ranges that are excluded from the connection policy.

domain Top level item Contains the excluded address range.
selection string

Specifies if the excluded address(es) are provided as a domain or as an IP range. Possible values are:

  • address

    The value of the excluded address is an IP range.

  • domain

    The value of the excluded address is a domain.

value string

The excluded address(es).

Use the selection element to specify if the address is an IP range, or a domain.

port int The excluded port.
dns_server string

Can only be used if selection is set to inband.

IP address or the hostname of the domain name server used to resolve the address of the target server.

dns_suffixes list, string

Can only be used if selection is set to inband.

If the clients do not include the domain name when addressing the server (for example they use username@server instead of username@server.example.com), SPS can automatically add domain information (for example example.com).

You can add multiple domain names. SPS attempts to resolve the target address by appending the domain names in the provided order, and uses the first successfully resolved address to establish the connection.

Elements of server_side_hostkey Type Description
plain_hostkey Top level element Verifies the identity of the servers based on their hostkeys.
enabled boolean

Set to true to enable plain hostkey checking.

If enabled, the hostkey_check element is mandatory.

hostkey_check string

Defines the method for checking the host keys of the target server. Possible values are:

  • disabled

    Disables host key verification.

  • accept-first-time

    Records the key shown for the first connection, and accepts only the same key for any subsequent connections.

  • accept-known-keys

    Only accepts hostkeys that are already stored on SPS.

    You can manage hostkeys at the /api/ssh-host-keys endpoint.

x509_hostkey Top level element Verifies the identity of the servers based on their X.509 certificates.
enabled string

Set to true to enable X.509 hostkey verification.

If enabled, the x509_check element is mandatory.

x509_check Top level item Contains the configuration settings for verifying X.509 certificates.
selection string

Configures the validation of X.509 certificates. Possible values are:

  • disabled

    Disables X.509 certificate verification.

  • accept-first-time

    Records the X.509 certificate shown for the first connection, and accepts only the same certificate for any subsequent connections.

  • accept-known-certificates

    Only accepts X.509 certificates that are already stored on SPS.

    You can add X.509 certificates at the /api/ssh-host-keys endpoint.

  • accept-signed-by

    Accepts all X.509 certificates that are signed by a trusted Certificate Authority.

    Must be used with the trusted_ca element.

trusted_ca string

Must be used if the selection element is set to accept-signed-by.

References the identifier of the trusted CA. You can add or modify the list of trusted CAs at the /api/configuration/policies/trusted_ca_lists/ endpoint.

To modify or add a trusted CA, use the value of the returned key as the value of the trusted_ca element, and remove any child elements (including the key).

Examples

For practical purposes, the following examples show only the relevant parts of a connection policy JSON object. To modify or add a connection policy, always submit the full JSON object.

Access control list: configuring the "security" usergroup to only audit connections made by the "root_only" usergroup.

"access_control": [
      {
    "authorizer": "security",
    "permission": "audit",
    "require_different_ip": true,
    "require_different_username": true,
    "subject": {
      "group": "root_only",
      "selection": "only"
    }
  }

Target server: use the address specified by the client.

"server_address": {
  "selection": "original"
}

Target server: use a fix address.

"server_address": {
  "address": "<fix-IP>",
  "port": 22,
  "selection": "fix"
}

Target server: configure inband destination selection, where the client can specify the target address in the username. The target can be either an IP range, or a domain.

"server_address": {
  "dns_server": "<ip-of-dns-server>",
  "dns_suffixes": null,
  "domains": [
    {
      "domain": {
        "selection": "address",
        "value": "<IP-range>"
      },
      "port": 22
    },
    {
      "domain": {
        "selection": "domain",
        "value": "*.example"
      },
      "port": 22
    }
  ],
  "selection": "inband"
}

Source address: use the same fix IP when connecting to the remote server.

"source_address": {
  "address": "<ip-address>",
  "selection": "fix"
}

Web gateway authentication: require the admin usergroup to perform an additional gateway authentication on the SPS web interface. They must authenticate from the same host which initiated the connection.

"web_gateway_authentication": {
  "enabled": true,
  "groups": [
    "admin"
  ],
  "require_same_ip": true
}

Client-side hostkey: use plain hostkeys uploaded to SPS, and generate X.509 certificates for the connection.

"client_side_hostkey": {
  "plain_hostkey": {
    "dsa_key": "<id-of-dsa-key>",
    "enabled": true,
    "rsa_key": "<id-of-rsa-key>"
  },
  "x509_hostkey": {
    "enabled": true,
    "x509": {
      "selection": "generate",
      "signing_ca": "<key-of-signing-ca>"
    }
  }
}

Policies: configure only the required policies.

"policies": {
  "aa_plugin": null,
  "analytics_policy": null,
  "archive_cleanup_policy": null,
  "audit_policy": "<key-of-audit-policy>",
  "authentication_policy": "<key-of-auth-policy>",
  "backup_policy": null,
  "channel_policy": "<key-of-channel-policy>",
  "credential_store": null,
  "ldap_server": null,
  "settings": "<key-of-settings-policy>",
  "usermapping_policy": null
}

Server-side hostkey: accept the hostkey or X.509 certificate presented at the first connection, and require the same hostkey or certificate for any subsequent connections.

"server_side_hostkey": {
  "plain_hostkey": {
    "enabled": true,
    "hostkey_check": "accept-first-time"
  },
  "x509_hostkey": {
    "enabled": true,
    "x509_check": {
      "selection": "accept-first-time"
    }
  }
}

Server-side hostkey: only accept X.509 certificates that are verified by a trusted CA.

"server_side_hostkey": {
  "plain_hostkey": {
    "enabled": false
  },
  "x509_hostkey": {
    "enabled": true,
    "x509_check": {
      "selection": "accept-signed-by",
      "trusted_ca": "<id-of-trusted-ca>"
    }
  }
}
Status and error codes

The following table lists the typical status and error codes for this request. For a complete list of error codes, see Application level error codes.

Code Description Notes
201 Created The new resource was successfully created.
400 InvalidQuery The requested filter or its value is invalid.
401 Unauthenticated The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authenticated and the resource requires authorization to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
403 Unauthorized The requested resource cannot be retrieved because the client is not authorized to access it. The details section contains the path that was attempted to be accessed, but could not be retrieved.
404 NotFound The requested object does not exist.
Add an SSH connection policy

To add an SSH connection policy, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Create the JSON object for the new SSH connection policy.

    POST the JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh/connections/ endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Element .

    If the POST request is successful, the response includes the key of the new SSH connection policy. For example:

    {
      "key": "a99be49b-b0a2-4cf9-b70d-fea1f9ea188f",
      "meta": {
        "href": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections/a99be49b-b0a2-4cf9-b70d-fea1f9ea188f",
        "parent": "/api/configuration/ssh/connections",
        "transaction": "/api/transaction"
      }
    }
  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

Modify an SSH connection policy

To modify an SSH connection policy, you have to:

  1. Open a transaction.

    For details, see Open a transaction.

  2. Modify the JSON object of the SSH connection policy.

    PUT the modified JSON object to the https://<IP-address-of-SPS>/api/configuration/ssh/connections/<key-of-the-object> endpoint. You can find a detailed description of the available parameters listed in Element .

  3. Commit your changes.

    For details, see Commit a transaction.

SSH channels

The available SSH channel types and their functionalities are described below. For details on configuring channel policies, see Channel policy.

Channel

Special options

Description

auth-agent

None

Agent: Forwards the SSH authentication agent from the client to the server.

x11

Yes

X11 Forward: Forwards the graphical X-server session from the server to the client. List the address of the client in the networks field to permit X11-forwarding only to the specified clients. Specify IP addresses or networks (in IP address/Prefix format). For example:

"networks": [
  {
    "selection": "address",
    "value": "192.168.1.1"
  },
  {
    "selection": "address",
    "value": "192.168.1.2"
  }
                        
NOTE:

Certain client applications send the Target address as a hostname, while others as an IP address. If you are using a mix of different client applications, you might have to duplicate the channel rules and create IP-address and hostname versions of the same rule.

Channel-specific access control rules:

  • networks (list): To X11-forwarding only to specific clients, list the IP addresses or networks of the clients in this field. Leave it empty to permit access to every client. For details, see Limiting addresses in port forwarding.

local-forwards Yes

Local Forward: Forwards traffic arriving to a local port of the client to a remote host. To enable forwarding only between selected hosts, use the local_forwards field. If the local_forwards field is empty, local forwarding is enabled without restriction, the client may forward any traffic to the remote host.

For example:

"local_forwards": [
  {
    "host_address": {
      "selection": "address",
      "value": "192.168.100.1"
    },
    "host_port": 5555,
    "originator_address": {
      "selection": "address",
      "value": "192.168.1.1"
    }
  }
                        

Channel-specific access control rules:

  • local_forwards (list): To permit local forwarding only to specific addresses, list the addresses in this field. Leave it empty to enable without restriction. In this case the client may forward any traffic to the remote host.

    Enter the source of the forwarded traffic into the originator_address field, the target of the traffic into the host_address field. Specify IP addresses or networks (in IP address/Prefix format). These parameters are the end-points of the forwarded traffic (that is, the local host that sends data to the remote host), and not the SSH server or the client. For example, to enable forwarding from the 192.168.20.20 host to the remote host 192.168.50.50, enter 192.168.20.20 into the originator_address, and 192.168.50.50 into the host_address field. For details, see Limiting addresses in port forwarding.

remote-forwards Yes

Remote Forward: Forwards traffic arriving a remote port of the server to the client. To enable forwarding only between selected hosts, enter their IP addresses into the remote_forwards field. If the remote_forwards field is empty, remote forwarding is enabled without restriction, the SSH server may forward any traffic to the client.

For example:

"remote_forwards": [
  {
    "connected_address": {
      "selection": "address",
      "value": "192.168.100.1"
    },
    "connected_port": 5555,
    "originator_address": {
      "selection": "address",
      "value": "192.168.1.1"
    }
  }
                        

Channel-specific access control rules:

  • remote_forwards (list): To permit only specific forwardins, list the permitted addresses in this field. Leave it empty to permit forwarding without restrictions.

    Enter the source of the forwarded traffic into the originator_address, the target of the traffic into the connected_address field. Specify IP addresses or networks (in IP address/Prefix format). These parameters are the end-points of the forwarded traffic (that is, the remote host that sends data to the client), and not the SSH server. For example, to enable forwarding from the 192.168.20.20 remote host to the client 192.168.50.50, enter 192.168.20.20 into the originator_address, and 192.168.50.50 into the connected_address field. For details, see Limiting addresses in port forwarding.

session-exec Yes

Session Exec: Execute a remote command (for example rsync) without opening a session shell. List the permitted command in the execs field. You can use regular expressions to specify the commands. This field can contain only letters (a-z, A-Z), numbers (0-9), and the following special characters ({}()*?\\|[]).

Caution:

Restricting the commands available in Session Exec channels does not guarantee that no other commands can be executed. Commands can be renamed, or executed from shell scripts to circumvent such restrictions.

Channel-specific access control rules:

  • execs (list): List the permitted command in the execs field. Regular expressions may be used to specify the commands.

For example:

"execs": [
  "top",
  "ls"
                    
session-exec-scp Yes

Session Exec SCP: Transfers files using the Secure Copy (SCP) protocol.

Channel-specific actions:

  • log_transfer_to_db (list): (true|false): Make the list of file operations available in the Search > File operations column of the SPS web interface

  • log_transfer_to_syslog (list): (true|false): Send the file operations into the system log

For example:

"actions": {
  "audit": false,
  "four_eyes": false,
  "ids": false,
  "log_transfer_to_db": true,
  "log_transfer_to_syslog": true
}
session-subsystem Yes

Session Subsystem: Use a subsystem. Enter the name of the permitted subsystem into the subsystems field.

Channel-specific access control rules:

  • subsystems (list): List the permitted subsystems in this field.

For example:

"execs": [
  "top",
  "ls"
                    
session-exec-sftp Yes

Session SFTP: Transfers files using the Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP).

Channel-specific actions:

  • log_transfer_to_db (list): (true|false): Make the list of file operations available in the Search > File operations column of the SPS web interface

  • log_transfer_to_syslog (list): (true|false): Send the file operations into the system log

For example:

"actions": {
  "audit": false,
  "four_eyes": false,
  "ids": false,
  "log_transfer_to_db": true,
  "log_transfer_to_syslog": true
}
session-shell Yes

Session Shell: The traditional remote terminal session.

Channel-specific actions:

  • content_policy reference: The ID of the Content policy to apply to the connection.

For example:

"actions": {
  "audit": true,
  "content_policy": {
    "key": "433849548566ab327522e6"
  },
  "four_eyes": false,
  "ids": false
}
Limiting addresses in port forwarding

The connected_address, host_address, network, and originator_address options that you can use in SSH channel policies that allow port-forwarding and X11 forwarding have the following parameters.

Element Type Description
connected_address, host_address, network, or originator_address list of JSON objects Container objects for limiting access to port-forwarding in SSH channel policies. For details, see SSH channels.
selection address or network

Specifies the type of the address. Possible values: address or network

value IPv4 address or network

The IP address, or the network in IP-address:prefix format. For example, 192.168.1.1 or 192.168.0.0/16

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