Kerberos ticket caches
The Safeguard Authentication Services PAM module uses the Kerberos protocol to authenticate users against Active Directory. The Kerberos protocol allows users to obtain a Ticket Granting Ticket (TGT) that can then be used to obtain other tickets to authenticate to services. Once the TGT has been obtained, it can be used as a single sign-on mechanism that does not require users to repeatedly enter their password.
By default, when a user establishes a login session by means of a service configured to use the Safeguard Authentication Services PAM module, the ticket is cached by default in the /tmp directory; the name of the cache file is krb5cc_<uid> where <uid> is the User ID (UID) of the account.
AIX does not support NSS in the same way that most other Unix versions do. On AIX there is no /etc/nsswitch.conf or support for NSS modules. AIX uses the Loadable Authentication Module (LAM) system to support name service lookups and authentication. As of AIX 5.3 all native binaries support PAM, but are configured for LAM by default.
Safeguard Authentication Services supports both a LAM module and a PAM module on AIX. Configuring the PAM module on AIX is the same as for any other platform. This section explains how to configure the LAM module.
When you join the domain, Safeguard Authentication Services automatically configures the AIX system to use the Safeguard Authentication Services LAM module for authentication as well as name service lookups. The modified files are /usr/lib/security/methods.cfg and /etc/security/user.
Using VASTOOL to configure AIX
vastool can automatically update the AIX configuration files on your system.
To modify the AIX configuration
- To configure AIX to use Safeguard Authentication Services for authentication and name service resolution, run the following command as root:
vastool configure irs
- To remove the Safeguard Authentication Services AIX module configuration, run the following command as root:
vastool unconfigure irs
- After modifying the AIX configuration, restart any affected system services or reboot.
Security Enhanced Linux (SELinux) allows users and administrators more control over access control.
- Join the domain.
- After the join, run /opt/quest/bin/vastool configure selinux.
When complete, Safeguard Authentication Services works with the SELinux VAS module which contains a Red Hat Enterprise Linux SELinux policy for Authentication Services.
NOTE: The installation dependencies for the SELinux VAS module are:
- RHEL 6 & equivalent and higher
- policycoreutils-python (audit2allow)
- policycoreutils (semodule, restorecom)
- selinux-policy-devel (RHEL7) | selinux-policy (RHEL6)
NOTE: After installing the vasd-selinux policy, user home directories that were created prior to the policy being installed might have the incorrect SELinux security context label.
Run the following command to restore the home directories to their default file contexts:
$ /opt/quest/libexec/vas/selinux/configure_selinux.sh restore <*/home*>
where /home is the path to the users' home directories that need the correct SELinux context label. If no path is provided, /home is used by default.