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Identity Manager 8.0 - Administration Guide for Connecting Unix-Based Target Systems

Managing Unix-Based Systems Setting Up Synchronization with a Unix-Based Target System Base Data for Unix-Based Target Systems Unix Host Unix user accounts Unix groups Reports about Unix Objects Appendix: Configuration Parameters for Managing Unix Appendix: Default Project Template for Unix-Based Target Systems

Privileged User Accounts

Privileged user accounts are used to provide employees with additional privileges. This includes administrative user accounts or service accounts, for example. The user accounts are marked with the property Privileged user account (IsPrivilegedAccount).

NOTE: The criteria used to label user accounts automatically as privileged, are defined as extensions to the view definition (ViewAddOn) on the table TSBVAccountIsPrivDetectRule (table type "Union"). The evaluation is done in the script TSB_SetIsPrivilegedAccount.

To create privileged users through account definitions

  1. Create an account definition. Create a new manage level for privileged user accounts and assign this manage level to the account definition.
  2. If you want to prevent properties for privileged user accounts being overwritten, set the property IT operating data overwrites for the manage level, to the value "Only initially". In this case, the properties are populated just once when the user accounts is created.
  3. Specify the effect of temporarily or permanently disabling, deleting or the security risk of an employee on its user accounts and group memberships for each manage level.
  4. Create a formatting rule for IT operating data.

    An account definition specifies which rules are used to generate the IT operating data for example, whether the container for a user account is made up of the employee's department, cost center, location or business role and which default values will be used if no IT operating data can be found through the employee's primary roles.

    Which IT operating data is required, depends on the target system. The following settings are recommended for privileged user accounts:

    • Use the default value "1" in the formatting rule for the column IsPrivilegedAccount and set the option Always use default value.
    • You can also specify a formatting rule for the column IdentityType. The column owns different permitted values, which represent user accounts.
    • To prevent privileged user accounts inheriting default user groups, define a template for the column IsGroupAccount with the default value "0" and set the option Always use default value.
  5. Enter the effective IT operating data for the target system.

    Specify in the departments, cost centers, locations or business roles, which IT operating data should apply when you set up a user account.

  6. Assign the account definition directly to employees who work with privileged user accounts.

    When the account definition is assigned to an employee, a new user account is created through the inheritance mechanism and subsequent processing.

NOTE: Specify a formatting rule for a naming schema if it is required by the company for privileged user account login names.

To use a prefix with a login name, set the configuration parameter "TargetSystem\Unix\Accounts\PrivilegedAccount\AccountName_Prefix" in the Designer. To use a postfix with a login name, set the configuration parameter "TargetSystem\Unix\Accounts\PrivilegedAccount\AccountName_Postfix" in the Designer.

These configuration parameters are evaluated in the default installation, if a user account is marked with the property Privileged user account (IsPrivilegedAccount). The user account login names are renamed according to the formatting rules. This also takes place if the user accounts are labeled as privileged by the schedule "Mark selected user accounts as privileged".

Related Topics

Entering Master Data for Unix User Accounts

Entering Master Data for Unix User Accounts

A user account can be linked to an employee in the One Identity Manager. You can also manage user accounts separately from employees.

NOTE: It is recommended to use account definitions to set up user accounts for company employees. In this case, some of the master data described in the following is mapped through templates from employee master data.

NOTE: If employees obtain their user accounts through account definitions, they have to have a central user account and obtain their company IT data through assignment to a primary department, primary location or a primary cost center.

To edit master data for a user account

  1. Select the category Unix | User accounts.
  2. Select the user account in the result list and run the task Change master data.

    - OR-

    Click in the result list toolbar.

  3. Edit the user account's resource data.
  4. Save the changes.

To manually assign or create a user account for an employee

  1. Select the Employees | Employees.
  2. Select the employee in the result list and run Assign Unix user accounts from the task view.
  3. Assign a user account.
  4. Save the changes.
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General Master Data for a Unix User Account

General Master Data of a Unix User Account

Enter the following data on the General tab:

Table 25: Additional Master Data for a User Account
Property Description

Host

The user account's host.

Employee

Employee that uses this user account. An employee is already entered if the user account was generated by an account definition. If you create the user account manually, you can select an employee in the menu. If you use automatic employee assignment, an associated employee is created and entered into the user account when the user account is saved.

Account definition

Account definition through which the user account was created.

Use the account definition to automatically fill user account master data and to specify a manage level for the user account. The One Identity Manager finds the IT operating data of the assigned employee and enters it in the corresponding fields in the user account.

NOTE: The account definition cannot be changed once the user account has been saved.

To create the user account manually through an account definition, enter an employee in the Employee box. You can select all the account definitions assigned to this employee and through which no user account has been created for this employee.

Manage level

User account's manage level. Select a manage level from the menu. You can only specify the manage level can if you have also entered an account definition. All manage levels of the selected account definition are available in the menu.

Login shell

Shell that is executed if a user logs in to Unix using a terminal based login.

User name

Name of the user account for logging in to a Unix host. If an account definition is assigned, this field is automatically filled with the employee's central user account depending on the manage level.

User ID

User ID for the user account in the Unix host.

Password

Password for the user account. Depending on the configuration parameter "Person\UseCentralPassword" the employee’s central password can be mapped to the user account‘s password. If you use an initial password for the user accounts, it is automatically entered when a user account is created.

NOTE: One Identity Manager password policies are taken into account when a user password is being verified. Ensure that the password policy does not violate the target system's requirements.

Password confirmation

Reconfirm password.

Primary group ID Identifier of the user account's primary group.
Primary group

Name of the user account's primary group. This defines the group ownership of files created by the user.

A user account's primary group is determined as follows:

  • If you entered a primary group in the host, the group is used as primary group when a user account is created.
  • If you did not enter a primary group, a new group is created with the display name of the new user account assigned as the primary group.

Home directory

The user's full home directory path, for example /home/user001.

Risk index (calculated)

Maximum risk index values for all assigned groups. This property is only visible if the configuration parameter "QER\CalculateRiskIndex" is set. For more detailed information, see the .One Identity Manager Risk Assessment Administration Guide

Category

Categories for the inheritance of groups by the user account. Select one or more categories from the menu. Groups can be selectively inherited by user accounts. To do this, groups and user accounts or contacts are divided into categories.

Comment (GECOS)

Spare text box for additional explanation. Additional information about the user account, which is found in the GECOS in /etc/password. If an account definition is assigned, this field is automatically filled with the employee's internal name depending on the manage level.

Identity

User account's identity type

Table 26: Permitted values for the identity.
Value Description
Primary identity Employee's default user account.
Organizational identity Secondary user account used for different roles in the organization, for example for subcontracts with other functional areas.
Personalized admin identity User account with administrative permissions, used by one employee.
Sponsored identity User account that is used for training purposes, for example.
Shared identity User account with administrative permissions, used by several employees.
Service identity Service account.

Groups can be inherited

Specifies whether the user account groups can inherit through the employee. If this option is set, the user account inherits groups through hierarchical roles or IT Shop requests.

  • If you add an employee with a user account to a department, for example, and you have assigned groups to this department, the user account inherits these groups.
  • If an employee has requested group membership in the IT Shop and the request is granted approval, the employee's user account only inherits the group if the option is set.

Privileged user account

Specifies whether this is a privileged user account.

Related Topics

User Account Master Data for AIX Systems

You can enter additional master data for user accounts in an IBM AIX system, like limits, password data, security data or information about encrypting the file system. This data is shown if the host is labeled with the option AIX system.

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